The paper will also highlight the partnerships of C-SAG, Tata Trusts and the farming communities and how a good working relationships between various stakeholders have been developed for the project. Mango is being cultivated in southern Asia for nearly six thousand years. Alphonso mangoes grow primarily in the states of Goa and Maharashtra along the western coast of India, and only with very particular soil and weather requirements. The final classification map provided the land use To find empirical evidence for dependence of diversity of life on diversity of soils, Geo-referenced soil information system (GeoSIS) In and around the district of Dindigul, many farmers are not only cultivating the variety of mango but are also earning a great income. The 2nd largest ranking position in the production of mango cultivation is in the state of Andhra Pradesh. After taking over the company’s reins from his father in the 90s, the current proprietor, Umesh Lanjekar decided to radically change from conventional methods of cultivation. Another 20-30% of field observations are based on space-based Positioning - the rest are geo-tagged tables and records. Daily. The Alphonso variety is a beautiful addition to any garden, grafted in a 3 gallon container this mango is also known as Haapoos, Aapoos from different parts of India. The detailed morphological, chemical and mineralogical investigations of these Mollisols of central and western India indicates that due to the presence of zeolites in the Deccan basalt, the transformation of smectite to kaolinite was prevented and the retention of adequate amount of smectite and continuous supply of calcium ions from zeolites made the formation of Mollisols in forest even under tropical humid climate.The formation and the persistence of these Mollisols in association with acidic Alfisols under sparse forest in the basaltic landscape of millions of years in central and western India demonstrates the primary importance of the quality of parent material rich in expanding clay mineral and bases in their formation. The exhibitors may display their products, literatures and services within the allocated space. Pest management is the most important thing to do Alphonso cultivation in such an area with weather limitations. “The Alphonso mango is sensitive to temperature variations and its production has decreased because of high temperature spells,” says Salwi. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. In contrast to generally observed non-acidic and less weathered Mollisols in temperate semi-arid and humid climate, acidic and fairly weathered Mollisols on Deccan basalt are observed in hills of central (Satpura Range, Madhya Pradesh) and Western India (Western Ghats, Maharashtra) under forest in the present tropical humid climatic conditions. The land is used for the different activity, such as agriculture, forests, mining, transport, settlement, entertaining and manufacturing. It prefers a … #agriculture #TJC Contrary to the common understanding that these soils are difficult to support crops (Aleva, 1994), these associated soils in Konkan, Maharashtra are cultivated with profitability to various agricultural, horticultural and plantation crops (Bhattacharyya et al., 1993(Bhattacharyya et al., , 1999, Compiler). Dusani, A., Patil, V.K. The cultivated varieties include Alphonso, Bennet Alphonso, Bangalora, Banganapally, Neelum, Kalapady, Guddadat and Prior. Fruits produced in such soil conditions have a bright red tinge. Such mango mania serves to make the Alphonso one of the most expensive mangoes. The resulting products of the exploratory analyses and classification were then used to assess spatial patterns of land cover and land use in the study area. ISRIC, This is indicated by some activities which explain that phenomena such as forest clearing, land burning, land management, technology utilization, and ceremony accompanying the activities of shifting cultivation. Laterites, Concepts, Geology, Morphology and Chemistry. Alphonso mango contains high iron content which is a natural remedy for anemia. The present study land use and land cover were identified through exploratory analysis, done on the bases of multitemporal Landsat TM data. A common monoembryonic cultivar is 'Alphonso', an important export product, considered as "the king of mangoes". Cultivars that excel in one climate may fail elsewhere. Cultivation of mango is believed to have originated in S.E. World over, society is generating, referencing, archiving and using vast amount of time-stamped geographically referenced data sets – enabling the. Alphonso mango is one of the most expensive mango varieties. This Agri-GIS is an end-to-end solution that combines ground-, space-based EO/meteorological/positioning data into a GIS model to address specific farmer requirements at bettering his crop production and yield and also his economic condition by increased income. Different popular mango varieties (a) Alphonso; (hard rock). The skin of a fully ripe fruit turns golden yellow with a … Zen is the product of the fusion of Chinese traditional culture with Buddhism after the latter was introduced into China and, resultantly, it is no longer Buddhism in the sense of the religion originating from India but one containing Chinese cultural details with Chinese characteristics. Three specific bands were used with reasonable success to correlate soil, wetness and vegetation. With all the three balanced seasons like Monsoon, winter, and summer, this is healthy for Ratnagiri Mango cultivation. Maharashtra. But many farmers in southern India could not reap the benefits of Alphonso’s demand. We're on WhatsApp! It is also known as Hafoos, Hapuz or Aapoos. Vertisols of arid and semi-arid climates contain more PC in their soil control section (SCS) than those of sub-humid climates. Micromorphological studies were performed in order to understand the factors and processes involved in the formation of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) in twenty three soil series of Vertisols representing sub-humid, semi-arid and arid climatic regions of Peninsular India. The rice-wheat cropping system with special reference to the Indo-Gangetic Plains (Bhattacharyya et al., 2004(Bhattacharyya et al., , 2014b, ... 'Red' and 'laterite' terms as well as 'lateritic' have led to controversial opinions. He says that 120 tonnes of Alphonso mangoes are produced from 80 acres almost every year from Dindigul district. The analysis of the data was done by using a descriptive qualitative technique. 1992. Because the Alphonso mango requires the perfect conditions to grow, the variety is subject to limited availability and the occasional poor season. A Resource Book on Mango (B.R. Soybean markets trending upwards – Is the trend still Intact? Mango can be grown on a wide variety of soils, ranging from alluvial to lateritic, provided it is deep (2.0-2.5m) and well drained. Mango cultivated over an area of 2309 thousand hectares with an annual production of 12750 thousand metric tones. This is because the weather of the southern states is not considered suitable for the cultivation of the fruit. These characteristics make Alphonso a favored cultivar. It, therefore, seems prudent to justify that, Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science, Success of hard-rock mango plantations: a) Successful. People used to call us sabziwalas. Dear patron, thank you for being our reader. Cancel. Mangoes which show even the slightest signs of weathering or spoilage are discarded immediately. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis of clays indicates that smectites of Vertisols are fairly well crystallized and do not show any sign of transformation except for hydroxy interlayering. The Alphonso is prized in domestic and international markets for its taste, fragrance and vibrant color. The study also indicates that the supply of bases from zeolites can prevent the soils from losing their productivity even in intense leaching environment. Report of Maharashtra State Mango, Cashew, and Kokam are the major cash crops of the Ratnagiri district. Our talk and interview session with the prominent people in the agriculture industry. Formation of PC is the prime chemical reaction responsible for the increase in pH, the decrease in the Ca/Mg ratio of exchange site with depth and in the development of subsoil sodicity. 2018. Journal of Socioeconomics and Development, were farmers or cultivators and key informants while the secondary data were obtained from BPS and related agencies. The results show that the management system of shifting cultivation conducted by local people cannot be separated from the local wisdom in the community. With about 5,000 acres under Alphonso mango cultivation, Salem may not be affected by the ban on Alphonso imports by European Union from India from May 1. Wageningen. Alphonso mango is a Green canopy plays an important role in maintain surface temperature and humidity. Apart from this, mangoes are loaded with high vitamin A and vitamin C because of which, have the great market demand all the year around. mango cultivation in india pdf; mango farming in konkan; The king of fruit; mango is delicious fruit having a wonderful flavor and charming fragrance. Combinations of supervised and unsupervised classifications were conducted to define land cover and land use types for the study area. Trade. During peak season in Mumbai, people think nothing of forking out as much as Rs 1,000 (US$18) for a dozen. 1-169. As mentioned above, this variety of mangoes is generally found in the eastern states of India and not in southern India. Land area is dwindling due to many reasons. The extracted mango puree is a rich source of vitamin A that helps in improving your vision and boosts overall eye health. … It is important to note that authentic Alphonso mangoes are only cultivated in the western regions of southern Maharashtra. The Alphonso mango pulp/fruit has prebiotic dietary fiber, that feeds good bacteria in the gut and makes the digestive system strong. Alphonso mango cultivation using the techniques of Dr. Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi V idyapeeth (DBSKKV), Dapoli, Maharashtra, using the wisdom of local farmers. However, there is a district in Tamil Nadu where the cultivation of Alphonso mango has taken place. Subject: Attempt to extend Alphonso mango cultivation to Andhra Pradesh Add a personalized message to your email. It suggests that for an open system such as soil, the existence of steady state is a more meaningful concept than thermodynamic equilibrium. of Maharashtra. CIC Agribusiness. Some of the farmers have analyzed the limitations so that they could also make some benefit out of alphonso mango production. Learn everyting on farming, cultivation, marketing of agri products, We bring you the most relevant stories and how-to's on Health & Lifestyle, We cover the most succesful stories in agriculture industry across the nation, Get all information on agriculture related updates from around the globe, We capture the best photos around events, exhibitions happening across the country, Handpicked videos to inspire the nation on agriculture and related industry. Mail me your suggestions and feedback. These states include Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, and Karnataka. Although India is the largest mango producing country, accounting about 60% of world production, the export of fresh fruit is limited to Alphonso and Dashehari varieties. Agri-GIS is developed in 613 villages of S Odisha in India and covers almost 80,000 farmers. Baskar says that it is important to take care of irrigation along with water management. Only immaculately ripe mangoes are chosen in the grading process. The ground truthing was used to assess the accuracy of the land use and land cover analysis. Mango-growing soils and their characteristics. Bungalow No. Discussions around climate change seldom refer to soil, even though one of the major soil forming factors is climate. The Alphonso is also one of the most expensive varieties of mango,and is grown mainly in western India.Buy Alphonso Mangoes from Ratnagiri/Devgad. Govt. and Haldankar, P.M. 2018. Aleva, G.J.J. The farmers had used neem leaves as pesticides. Any, The exhibitors may send their requirement of stall(s) to FAI latest by, The stall is exclusively for the concerned exhibitor and the same cannot be given to any other party, December, 2019 in addition to normal courtesy. Now we have status. Send. Places with good rainfall and dry summer are ideal for mango cultivation. The fruit has a rich, tender texture, and low fiber content. 71-98. Cultivation in hilly areas can lead to very low yields as the drainage and climatic conditions are not best suited for mango cultivation. This indicates that impoverishment of Ca2+ ions on the exchange sites of Vertisols needs to be controlled by rehabilitation methods that can replenish Ca2+ ions, and thus the study provides relevant information for future land resource management programmes not only on Vertisols of India but also on similar soils occurring elsewhere. Communities live in a harmonious relationship with forests and land, manage land in a limited area (1-2 ha) without the risk of land fires, live in communal and mutual cooperation (gotong-royong), and have local knowledge that has a positive value.JEL Classification: D19, O33, O35. Purposive sampling was used as the method to determine the location and sample of the research (70 people). Mango sorbet, ice cream, lassi, soufflé, mousse, and puree are some culinary preparations using Alphonso mangoes. The NPCs are part of the parent material of Vertisols. The seedlings brought from Maharashtra were kept at a spacing of 15 feet, water was dripped into the roots. Dissolution of NPCs and recrystallization of dissolved Ca2+ ions are responsible for the formation of PCs. The Alphonso mango is a foreign fruit that came to India through Goa along with Alfonso De Albuquerque, the Portuguese explorer and military strategist who led many Portuguese invasions in the 1600s. The cultivation of Alphonso could be quite fruitful for the farmers. Anonymous. The persistence of these non-kaolinitic and/or non-oxidic Alfisols has been possible due to the presence of base-rich zeolites of amygdoloidal basalt. Cultivating Bodhicitta. Soils with good amount of iron peroxide and 5-10% lime are ideal for producing the best quality mango fruits. Farmers in Tamil Nadu Cultivating Alphonso Mango, This Mans 100% Organic & Biodegradable Technology Increases Shelf Life of Banana Leaves from 3 Days to 3 Years, Farmers Can Easily Earn Rs 3 Lakh per acre by Growing Medicinal & Aromatic Plants, How to Transfer money in minutes through WhatsApp, know all details, Kisan Credit Card: Pay Your Loan on Time and Get These Added Benefits; Know about the Loan Terms, Farm Bills: Recent Agri-reforms have given New Opportunities to Farmers, says PM Modi in Mann Ki Baat, Agripreneurship Orientation Program to Start in Hyderabad; Maximum Grant Amount upto Rs 5 Lakhs, Soybean Planting in Brazil Continues but Dry Weather Concerning for Farmers, Farmers Protest Latest Updates: Top 5 Highlights on the Story till now. The preservation of the crystallinity of smectite and the lack of transformation of primary minerals thus validate the hypothesis of positive entropy change during the formation of Vertisols. The cultivation was done through zero-fertilizer organic technology. of It seems, therefore, logical to save our motherland and focus on land degradation neutrality (LDN) whereby the amount and quality of land resources, necessary to support the ecosystem functions and services and enhance food security, remain stable or increase within specified temporal and spatial scales and ecosystems. The primary data used, Today, space-based EO data, meteorological observations and positioning information, integrated with ground data and maps, plays an important role in bringing logical decision-making, intelligence and wisdom in society - even at grass-root level. Geo-referencing of soils in the Indo-gangetic plains (IGP) and Deccan plateau (Black soil regions) for planning and monitoring land use and soil qual, This study aims to identify the local wisdom in the management system of shifting cultivation in Dayak Ngaju, Central Kalimantan. The settlement covers the lowest area, which is 678 square kilometer in percent 2.18. Agriculture Marketing Board (MSAMB). India’s share in the world mango market is about 15 percent. All rights reserved. Hey! Subscribe to our Newsletter. The main feature of Kerala mango production is the earliness. 3.2 Area & Production India ranks first among world’s mango producing countries accounting for about 50% of the world’s mango production. SOILS FOR COMMERCIAL MANGO CULTIVATION. Petrographic and scanning electron microscopic (SEM) examination of quartz, feldspars and micas indicate little or no alteration, discounting the possibile formation of smectite during Vertisol formation. 40, 513-520. For example, Indian cultivars such as 'Julie', a prolific cultivar in Jamaica, require annual fungicide treatments to escape the lethal fungal disease anthracnose in Florida. Stall(s) will be made available on all the three days of the Seminar. While Alphonso mango is grown across Western India, as per popular belief, the one from Ratnagiri in Maharashtra is considered to be of the best quality. The grafting activity soon extended to other Portuguese-controlled areas like Ratnagiri and Karwar, with the cultivation of Alphonso mangoes spreading to these regions. Soils and land use patterns in part of Western These observations can act as model land use options to further LDN in similar areas in other parts of the world including India. The paper will address how assessment of farmer’s needs of information in the various farming communities in Odisha state was taken up, the chain of Spatial Analytics and the final deliverables of 5 Farmer Advisories in each crop season. The unused lands are the unproductive waste and i.e. Report of Maharashtra State Agriculture Marketing Board (MSAMB). From Goa, the Alphonso mango travelled to different places like Ratnagiri, other Konkan region and southern side of India as well. Bhattacharyya, T., Patil, K.D., Kasture, M., Salvi, B.R., pH Required for Mango Cultivation Due to its large demand among consumers, many farmers across the country wish to cultivate this delicious fruit in their farms, however, there are only a few states which have the natural habitat to grow Alphonso. These states include Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, and Karnataka. Maharashtra. The farmers in Dindigul have curated some new techniques to make Alphonso cultivation a success. The precise cause-effect relationship between CaCO3 of pedogenic and non-pedogenic origin, and exchangeable Mg, Na and Ca percentages (EMP, ESP and ECP) has been established in the study. Soils and land use patterns in part of Western Maharashtra. Because land mass is fixed in quantity, there is an ever-increasing competition to control land resources in terms of their services for the living organisms. 11, Jayanti Nagari II, Besa, Nagpur, Maharashtra, Hard rock, Alphonso mango, laterites, Konkan, Maharashtra. Alphonso mango is known as the “King of mango because of its delicious tropically fruity sweet taste and juicy saffron/golden coloured non-fibrous tender texture of its flesh. Cultivation practices for Ultra High Density Mango Plantation. Alphonso mango ideal for organic farming Alphonso, the king of mango varieties, does well under organic farming conditions in Kanchipuram and Thiruvallur districts of Tamil Nadu, and its full potential should be exploited by the small and marginal farmers in the districts, says Mr. S. S. Nagarajan, Vice President (Agricultural Research), TAFE (Tractors and Farm Equipment Limited), Chennai. The mango population consists of both seedling and grafted trees but the commercial orchards are of grafted trees only. Dense forest cover second large area 5653 square kilometer in percent 18.39. In and around the district of Dindigul, many farmers are not only cultivating the variety of mango but are also earning a … The Centre for Spatial Analytics and Advanced GIS (C-SAG; is developing an Agri-GIS - a suite of Spatial Analytics solutions based on EO images, meteorological data, Positioning data, various maps and different field data sets. This unique example thus expands the basic knowledge on the formation of Mollisols in the humid tropical part of the world. 6. We need your support to keep delivering quality Agri Journalism and reach the farmers and people in every corner of rural India. The main feature of Kerala's mango production is the earliness. Readers like you are an inspiration for us to move Agri Journalism forward. While another farmer S.T. Among many Dindigul farmers, Kurumpatti, who has worked towards cultivating Alphonso in the region himself agrees that Alphonso farming has been possible with the help of pest management along with water management. These mangoes are GI tagged and represent authentic alphonso mangoes and not like the ones which are sold in the market sourced from karnataka,gujarat, etc.. There is not Zen qua a section of Buddhism in India but for a cultivating method of Zen there. Because of this large amounts of spatial data availability the science of Spatial Analytics is becoming highly prevalent and relevant. HOW FARMERS BENEFIT FROM INTEGRATION OF EO, METEOROLOGICAL, POSITIONING AND FIELD DATA IN AN ANALYTI... Interview. The main reason is its degradation, both natural and anthropogenic. The focus of the Agri-GIS is to address Smallholder Farmers – farm level aggregation and dis-aggregation of crop and socio-economic parameters; assess crop suitability of beneficiary land; assess crop-water model; help farmers on nutrition management; provide information on available production technologies, financing options, insurance options, access to inputs and market access etc. and land cover information. Dr. Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidypeeth, Land Degradation Neutrality and Land Use Options, Land Use/Cover Mapping of Konkan Region, Maharashtra, Advancing Alphonso mango harvest season in lateritic rocky soils of Konkan region through manipulation in time of paclobutrazol application, Significance of the Formation of Calcium Carbonate Minerals in the Pedogenesis and Management of Cracking Clay Soils (Vertisols) of India, Formation and persistence of Mollisols on zeolitic Deccan basalt of humid tropical India, Role of zeolites in persistence of high altitude ferruginous Alfisols of the humid tropical Western Ghats, India, A Manual of the Geology of India and Burma, GeoSIS - National Agriculture Innovation Project, Local Wisdom in Shifting Cultivation Management of Dayak Ngaju Community, Central Kalimantan. Amar Desai, Alphonso mango exporter Take a quiz and test your agriculture knowledge, Your complete guide to a succesful farming, Subscribe to our print & digital magazines now. India produces quality mangoes; Alphonso is highly liked by the western countries. The state has approximately 25,000 growers of the fruit. Did you liked this article and have suggestions to improve this article? Mango accounts for 40 percent of the total fruit exports from the country. Mango can be grown in a wide range of soils except clayey or extremely sandy or rocky calcareous, alkaline or water logged soils. Out of the 304 parameters, space based inputs provide the critical 25% - mainly from near real-time EO images of various resolutions/receptivity and meteorological data. ), pp. Join our WhatsApp group and get the most important updates you need. Govt. I am Nikita Arya. It is grown in several places including India, Pakistan, Ecuador, Egypt, Nepal, and the US. development of integrated solutions that benefits individual citizens, societies, nations and humanity, in general. Three case studies are mentioned here to show how to address the LDN, one in high rainfall areas and the two others in the semi arid tropics (SAT). According to the National Mango Database, the state has approximately 1.6 lakh hectares under mango cultivation, with the Alphonso orchards concentrated in Ratnagiri and nearby Devgad and Kesar farms in Marathwada. Drip irrigation has also been used in Alphonso cultivation in the region. “Konkan Samrat is not just heat resistant but also does not develop spongy tissue (responsible for low production) during intense heat, which the Alphonso does,” he adds. Out of 49% agricultural land in, which is much lower than that of the state (5.0, ). The high altitude ferruginous Alfisols associated spatially with shrink–swell soils on the Deccan basalt plateau and dissected table lands in the Western Ghats of India were analysed for their morphological, chemical and mineralogical properties with a view to comprehend their formation and persistence in the tropical humid climate prevailing since the early Tertiary. The present study the croplandcovers the highest area 10814 square kilometer in percent 35.17. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science Lets talk about the cultivation practices for Ultra High Density mango plantation. Asia. Salvi et al, Eds. Land degradation neutrality (LDN) may also reduce carbon footprints and thus nullify the ill-effects of global warming. An Alphonso mango is the most premium variety of mangoes especially due to high content of beta-carotene and a precursor of vitamin A … cultivation & maintain procedure of TJC mango variety and the post harvesting practices of fruits(mango). Further, these mangoes are highly demanded various food industries to make juices, we also use best method and packaging material while delivering. The study indicates that Vertisols contain both pedogenic calcium carbonate (PC) and non-pedogenic calcium carbonate (NPC) irrespective of the ecosystems to which they belong. Every contribution is valuable for our future. Mango is a widely consumed fruit all over the world and some types of Mangoes are Kesar, Alphonso, and Dasheri. DBSKKV, Dapoli, Maharashtra. Our Alphonso Mangoes are cultivated by farmers using natural fertilizers and are grown under the hygiene environment. Laterites, Concepts, barren and fallow (temporary and permanent) land. The mango population consists of both seedling and grafted trees but the commercial orchards are of grafted trees only. Geology, Morphology and Chemistry, pp. The study indicates that despite their acidic pH the soils have high bases and their clay fractions are dominated by interstratified smectite-kaolin. Good News for LPG Customers: Get Cash Back up to Rs 500 on HP, Bharat Gas & Indane LPG Cylinder Bookings, Guru Nanak Jayanti 2020: Farmers from Punjab offer Prayers on Roads and Continue Protest Against Farm Laws, PM-Kusum Yojana Update: States to get loan from Agriculture Infrastructure Fund to set up 10 giga-watt of Solar Plants. The exhibitors can be provided an additional facility by the vendor in the stall on payment basis. Culinary. Mango can be grown under both tropical and sub-tropical climate from sea level to 1400 m altitude, provided there is no high humidity, rain or frost during the flowering period. Most of our orchards date from the 50s. The Stature and Wisdom of Zen’s “Knowing the Mind Before Seeing the Nature”. 1994. The study was conducted at Mantangai Tengah Village and Mantangai Hilir Village, Mantangai District, Kapuas Regency, Central Kalimantan. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. Mango-growing soils and their characteristics, In As the summers are approaching, demand for mangoes reaches its peak. It has a significantly thinner more shiny skin. A step by step guide to organic Mango farming Many practices are transferable from a conventional system to an organic system of growing Mango plants . (Compiler). The cultivated varieties include Alphonso, Bennet Alphonso, Bangalora, Banganapally, Neelum, Kalapady, Guddadat and Prior. A ground-level borewell has been constructed with a capacity of 3.5 lakh liters for systematic and better irrigation. Please Note: Only individuals with an active subscription will be able to access the full article. Among all the varieties of mangoes in India, Alphonso mango is the most demanded variety due to its sweetness, richness, and flavor. Alphonso These mangoes are famous for their sweetness and pulp, the richness in their flavour, aroma and color makes the fruit everyone's favourite. You choose the topics of your interest and we'll send you handpicked news and latest updates based on your choice. For the farmers of Tamil Nadu, the cultivation of Alphonso holds great importance as the fruit is high-yielding and can be quite rewarding. Of the 1,500-odd varieties of mangoes cultivated in India, the Alphonso is perhaps the most popular, and enjoys cult status among the country’s mango aficionados. Trial run of Alphonso cultivation in VZM and Chittoor dists yields poor fruit. Bhattacharyya, T., Mandal, C. and Deshmukh, S.N. The knowledge gained on the role of zeolites in soils provides a check on the reasoning of models on the formation of soils in tropical humid climate. 1994. Being a 3rd generation mango cultivator the beginnings of Anish Farms go back to 1950s. However, there is a district in Tamil Nadu where the cultivation of Alphonso mango has taken place. The strength of the C-SAG Agri-GIS model stems on a “single, common, standardized, integrated robust and reliable” multi-layered (about 304 parameters), spatially referenced and geo-tagged database – modelling for individual farmer's social, economic and natural resources queries.