Acknowledgement The RAD Lab's existence is due to the generous support of the founding members Google, Microsoft, and Sun Microsystems and of the affiliate members Amazon Web Services, Cisco Systems, Facebook, Hewlett-. endobj /Iabc11 109 0 R This document, developed by ASD, is designed to assist a tenant organisation’s cyber security team, cloud architects and business representatives to work together to perform a risk assessment and use cloud services securely. >> This figure is more than double (112%) the number of records exposed in the same period in 2018. /P 91 0 R The exercises we have created have manuals that instructors can use. 0.87059 0.87059 0.88235 rg /A << /StemV 80 In this paper, we discuss the application of a cyber security metric to E-learning systems, in light of their standard architecture, their well-defined classes of stakeholders, and their specific security requirements. stream endobj (\251 Chartered Institute of Internal Auditors) Tj >> coupled with the system inherent vulnerabilities presents a source of concern not only to Cloud computing is an emerging paradigm of computing that replaces computing as a per-sonal commodity by computing as a public utility. BT /753866cc400ab49cf87ed2f17aeb4b608 81 0 R /S /GoTo objects are embedded with network connectivity and an identifier to enhance object-toobject In this paper, we investigate how the increased digitization of economic activities and the growth in cybercrimes have affected the development of cybersecurity-related formal and informal institutions. how cloud services and infrastructure could be harnessed to facilitate practical experience and training for cybersecurity. RESEARCH CAPABILITIES. >> Task scheduling problems in cloud, has been considered as a hard Nondeterministic Polynomial time (Np-hard) optimization problem. /Type /Action 101 0 obj In this paper, we explore a user-centered measure of cyber-security, and see how this measure can be used to analyze cloud computing as a business model. I. We have built tools to give faculty detailed information on how students are doing. These documents have While many MTD techniques have been applied to cloud computing, there has not been a joint evaluation of the effectiveness of MTD techniques with respect to security and economic metrics. Cloud Computing Security ppt: Secure Your Data Author: Intel Corporation Subject: Cloud Computing Security ppt Keywords: cloud computing security ppt, Malware, cyber attacks, cloud security, cloud computing, data encryption, AES-NI, OpenSSL, McAfee Secure, Intel and McAfee Created Date: 10/24/2012 9:15:54 AM Security of the data on the cloud is a major issue in cloud computing. q As the reach of the internet expands to cover ever broader aspects of our economic and social welfare, cyber security is emerging as a major concern for researchers and practitioners, dealing as it does with privacy, confidentiality, user authentication, etc. 0000076678 00000 n >> /Annots [96 0 R 97 0 R 98 0 R 99 0 R 0000006679 00000 n • Cloud services are classed as ‘multi tenancy’ which means that all organisations may share resources or infrastructure while access is managed using different log on credentials; which could lead to concerns over data protection and security • there is reliance on the Cloud provider’s controls to segregate data between the different Cloud computing is a service-oriented application, and it should guarantee the data integrity, privacy and protection services. /Outlines 61 0 R /D /e5d2825d681306dd3813c992ebd55129 We also assume that the unit cost of deploying Diversity on a VM such that a given VM is replaced with the backup OS (Fedora in Table 5.3) is 55$ per operation which includes the costs of experts, maintenance, and loss of productivity for a given VM for an operation per year, ... Attackers attempt to make a resource unavailable so that they might take advantage by sending an anomalous request to it [11]. stream 0000006309 00000 n /FontFile2 111 0 R /Length 55235 Unlike a conventional stacking, where some single weak learners are prevalently used, the proposed stacked ensemble is an ensemble architecture, yet its base learners are other ensembles learners, i.e. The focus of this paper is to explain how cybersecurity could impact the TPM by affecting the overall equipment effectiveness (OEE) in a smart manufacturing system by providing a structured literature survey. BX /Filter /FlateDecode /H /N /PageMode /UseNone /753866cc400ab49cf87ed2f17aeb4b603 74 0 R /S /GoTo /Subtype /TrueType 0000001436 00000 n endobj The objective of this document is to ensure that cloud computing cyber security risks to AltaLink are managed appropriately. /Prev 980542 0000004571 00000 n 96 0 obj furthermore, we are recognizing cloud-driven technology. 0000005735 00000 n The substantive problem of information security risk is value proportion of information properties or assets. The countermeasures that could be considered to compensate for the negative impact of a cybersecurity threat on the overall effectiveness of the system also will be discussed. /H /N /Type /Font Nowadays, E-learning has become a popular way of learning for schools and businesses, it has increased exponentially in recent years [4]. 4 • Identity, access, and contextual awareness • Data protection and privacy • Virtual infrastructure and platform security /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding endstream endobj 500 556 556 556 556 277 277 277 277 556 There has been a modest increase in the number of such exercises, but the limit is usability. How Can Cloud Computing Improve Security? BT /Width 650 0000005163 00000 n The NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology) defines cloud computing as, a model for facilitating or enhancing convenient, on-demand network access to a common pool of configurable computing resources such as applications, storage, networks, servers and services that can be speedily provisioned and released with insignificant management efforts or service provider [4,5]. >> /ImageI] 333 389 583 277 333 277 277 556 556 556 /Length 153 Qualitative analysis describes methods that consider loss in a subjective form. 0.87059 0.87059 0.88235 rg /753866cc400ab49cf87ed2f17aeb4b601 70 0 R ET /P 91 0 R /Subtype /Link Cloud security consists of a set of policies, controls, procedures and technologies that work together to protect cloud-based systems, data and infrastructure. Public cloud solutions are seen as the most vulnerable options from a security perspective, leaving many federal customers to seek private alternatives to overcome security challenges. 0000004973 00000 n 556 333 1000 556 556 333 1000 666 333 1000 /Descent -212 Without detection and prevention mechanisms, the threats can materialize and cause different types of damages that usually lead to significant financial losses. startxref 102 0 obj /Subtype /Link Some of the problems in the task scheduling include load-balancing, low convergence issues, makespan, etc. /Type /Action We used the popular Amazon Web Services (AWS) cloud; however, the use cases and approaches laid out in this paper are also applicable to other cloud providers. order to ensure user confidence so as to promote wide acceptance and reap the potentials of 0000002805 00000 n This review would provide clarity on the current trends in task scheduling techniques based on convergence issues and the problem solved. informative. << Then, we utilize four security metrics including system risk, attack cost, return on attack, and reliability to assess the effectiveness of the combined MTD techniques applied to large-scale cloud models. 0000002564 00000 n /A << /753866cc400ab49cf87ed2f17aeb4b607 80 0 R /Type /Annot >> Deloitte provides security capabilities needed for managing cyber risks associated with customer controls. Looking forward, the next tenner of cloud computing has given new ways of connecting everywhere by web-enabled devices. stream 277 277 277 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 /Pages 62 0 R endstream In this paper, we first introduce mathematical definitions for the combination of three MTD techniques: \emph{Shuffle}, \emph{Diversity}, and \emph{Redundancy}. <5350AC2573CEBBE9D3EB8F53D1211912>] << Quantitative analysis refers to the use of numeric calculations and statistical techniques. Users have become more mobile, threats have evolved, and actors have become smarter. /A << 1. Information about EDURange can be found at 91 0 obj Q Medical services, retailers and public entities experienced the most breaches, wit… (1) Tj 107 0 obj /O 91 /Rect [158.4 355.84 282.24 367.36] 100 0 R 101 0 R 102 0 R 103 0 R] /Resources << /A << /Linearized 1 >> endstream /Type /Action /Root 89 0 R First, a new approach to threat classification that leads to a security assessment model that is systematic, extendable, and modular. /P 91 0 R >> It has a range of exercises from introductory to advanced. endobj install VMs, and set up assessment mechanisms. In order to empower mangers to better plan for shielding their information systems, the paper presents two main contributions. /Rect [158.4 401.92 239.76 413.44] EX stream /XObject << /N 12 We create, design and develop innovative cybersecurity and data science systems: 556 556 556 556 556 556 548 610 556 556 ... We need at this stage to know the probability of each threat per hour to construct the threat vector for each site. 556 556 556 333 500 277 556 500 722 500 In 93 0 obj 610 666 666 666 666 666 666 1000 722 666 However, the complexity of smart manufacturing systems due to the recent advancements, specifically the integration of internet and network systems with traditional manufacturing platforms, has made this function more challenging. /Font << /Source (WeJXFxNO4fJduyUMetTcP9+oaONfINN4+d7h6/7WPBwezFukCFPmKMo0G082+WBpB9khgm8VtCFmyd8gIrwOjQRAIjPsWhM4vgMCV\ Implications for theory, policy, and practice are discussed. 0000585364 00000 n Edge computing could be an innovative new way to collect data, but it also opens up a world of additional security headaches. << %xN����#|� ��Y�`�g�>��ykV���k�I����/�?�o��+��%�"dݙp��(��������~�W$�����ۏ��B3�}K(�����G��=��v>|�c�ᭆ�x{�ǯ���Ɇ"��Ɖ�2��-��=Q�F�%_{�x�8�ƯEU{^�',�g�@C��Ȟz��oY������;�-A���zI�nx"���U�O'���)7,�7.�4{+�@�V�ݙM���,��I�i��n),�Av��4�&�D��`q2��S�& ����9ے�(����X~�X�(�R�9�4�H�M~D��QV������*d�"��j�V"]�%��� preventing it from being stolen, leaked or deleted. >> In recent years, CSA released the “Security Guidance for Critical Areas in Cloud Computing” and the “Security as a Service Implementation Guidance”. /64e37ce3a9606efa805a3b60aed496d8 68 0 R /Subtype /Link >> trailer << Moving Target Defense (MTD) is a proactive security mechanism which changes the attack surface aiming to confuse attackers. >> Cloud computing is so pervasive today that most cyber security specialists also need some training in this field. 7. /Subtype /Link FedRAMP’s “do once, use many times” approach was designed to offer significant benefits, such as increasing consistency and reliability in the evaluation of security controls, reducing costs for service providers and agency customers, This document is designed to assist an organisation’s cyber security team, cloud architects … /Iabc122 Do ET << We want to reach and engage as many faculty as possible, so that they can develop their own exercises. /P 91 0 R /FontDescriptor 92 0 R II. >> Cloud Security Framework Audit Methods by Diana Salazar - April 27, 2016 . /Info 87 0 R endobj interactive technologies, as well as smart devices, to, Institutions related to cybersecurity are rapidly evolving in China and India. Most faculty do not have the time to create their own exercises, modify and. endobj /A << /Type /Action 500 500 333 259 333 583 350 556 350 222 >> << Computer programs are being organized by an external party and located in the cloud. /S /GoTo paper looks at some of the major IoT application and service domains, and analyze the /e5d2825d681306dd3813c992ebd55129 66 0 R Such institutions in these two economies, however, reveal striking similarities and significant differences. /aedf23070e6e64229f233e5bb70080eb 85 0 R EX First, it provides concerns on principle of TPM regarding cybersecurity in smart manufacturing systems. /Group << /P 91 0 R e. Applies to cleared defense contractors who operate pursuant to DoD 5220.22-M Cloud computing systems offer a lot of advantages like pay per use and rapid service provisioned on demand, while it suffers for some concerns specially security. /Subtype /Image /Length 60 Download the 2019 Cloud Security Report by completing the form on the right. f >> 88 0 obj EDURange is a framework for accessing, developing and assessing interactive cybersecurity exercises. /A << CSIC-2010v2 and CICIDS-2017 are used in the experiment. /Fit] Eliminate incidents of injuries and accidents caused by cyber threats [20][21][22][23][24][25] Office TPM Addressing traditional IT cybersecurity, securing intellectual properties, data and network [13,26, ... We assume that the unit cost of deploying Shuffle technique for a given VM is 20$ per operation which includes the costs of experts and loss of productivity. endstream V؍�֊deٻ ��W�׃����i�c��O�.9���"�A��[+�>�y���ۉ)X�+���؅����%��U��� �����q�~Ws��K���r�j ��h�Z�^�Uvc��K+i�߸o#z���$�^ >> stream 108 0 obj /D /19a5b467e45457037e44e9fd3e8fd588 The threats vector for three sites are given in "Appendix C." To compute M (Site3, Components) for location Site3, we generate the PFR Site3 , as shown in "Appendix C." The list of threats relating to Site3 is given in the matrix of probabilities of components failure C Site3 as it is shown in "Appendix C." Finally, the threats vector P Site3 for site Site3 is given in "Appendix C." Moreover, we need to know the probability of each threat per hour as given in "Appendix C." The P Site3 values come from [8. To copy otherwise, to republish, to post on servers or to redistribute to lists, requires prior specific permission. Multiple businesses and institutions worldwide postpone their cloud transition. Some losses addressed by office TPM are processing and communication losses, office equipment breakdown, and communication channel breakdown [26. << 666 666 666 277 277 277 277 722 722 777 Cloud computing offers potential benefits including cost savings and improved business outcomes for organisations. q /P 91 0 R /Type /Annot 1000 333 1000 500 333 943 350 500 666 277 /Type /Annot Organizations continue to adopt cloud computing at a rapid pace to benefit from the promise of increased efficiency, better scalability, and improved agility. << Finally, research gaps and challenges are identified to improve overall equipment effectiveness (OEE) in presence of cybersecurity threats in critical manufacturing industries. Finally, the performance of all classification algorithms in terms of a two-step statistical significance test is further discussed, providing a value-added contribution to the current literature. A Web attack protection system is extremely essential in today’s information age. endobj /S /GoTo We introduce (1) a strategy to effectively deploy Shuffle MTD technique using a virtual machine placement technique and (2) two strategies to deploy Diversity MTD technique through operating system diversification. /ImageB /Contents [112 0 R 105 0 R 104 0 R 106 0 R 0000004679 00000 n /H /N 0000006556 00000 n /D /b055253bf889295b7f24a27b7b58297c As deploying Diversity incurs cost, we formulate the \emph{Optimal Diversity Assignment Problem (O-DAP)} and solve it as a binary linear programming model to obtain the assignment which maximizes the expected net benefit. The cloud computing security is that the blend of the technologies and tips – that the management is dependent upon, basically portrays overseeing the consistency leads and secure infrastructure data applications, safe-secure directions, framework, and information applications, relates & identifies to cloud computing use. >> /Ascent 905 The questions are intended to provoke discussion and help organisations identify and manage relevant information security risks associated with the evolving field of cloud computing. 277 277 277 469 556 333 556 556 500 556 /Border [0 0 0] This is a subject that demands hands-on exercises. Applying cloud computing, programmers are capable to retrieve software and applications. The aims of this paper are to gain an understanding of Quantitative and Qualitative analysis and furthermore to both evaluate and improve the use of those methods. Edge computing: The cybersecurity risks you must consider. 0000062393 00000 n Second, a quantitative analysis of information systems based on the model. 99 0 obj /P 91 0 R /Rect [158.4 378.88 375.84 390.4] /H /N Dr. Iorga was principal editor for this document with assistance in editing and formatting from Wald, Technical Writer, Hannah Booz Allen Hamilton, Inc. Q >> 0000006789 00000 n /aab94ea4ed3747758470a1f29e41d09b 72 0 R >> Q cybersecurity challenges which are likely to drive IoT research in the near future. xref Then, it highlights the effect of a variety of cyber-physical threats on OEE, as a main key performance indicator of TPM and how differently they can reduce OEE. 777 722 666 610 722 666 943 666 666 610 106 0 obj In this environment, the rising trend of cyber attacks on systems infrastructure 94 0 obj 97 0 obj x��+x�:��. Users distribute information across multiple locations, many of which are not currently within the organization’s infrastructure. /Length 50 /S /GoTo /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB CSU researchers partner and collaborate with government and private industry to develop and deliver innovative engineering solutions in network security, information security, hardware-oriented security, Blockchain, and data science field. 576 537 333 333 333 365 556 833 833 833 Security issues is one of the biggest concerns that has been affecting the growth of cloud computing .It adds complications with data privacy and data protection continues to affect the market. Cyber Security Cloud means keeping your data stored online safe, i.e. 777 722 277 500 666 556 833 722 777 666 /BaseFont /Helvetica 333 556 556 556 556 259 556 333 736 370 Cloud computing has become an attractive paradigm for many organizations in government, industry as well as academia. Furthermore, the proposed model significantly surpasses existing Web attack detection techniques concerning the accuracy and false positive rate metrics. /Subtype /Link The main aim of the VMs is to offer the service to the end users. handheld devices are changing our environment, making it more interactive, adaptive and 556 556 556 556 556 556 556 277 277 583 endobj From e-transport to e-health; smart living to e-manufacturing and many other /ABCpdf 9115 Classifier ensembles have been considered for anomaly-based intrusion detection in Web traffic. However, there are a variety of information security risks that need to be carefully considered. /Subtype /Link /H [2564 241] 90 0 obj Cloud Computing Security for Tenants. /A << Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) has broadly utilized maintenance strategy to improve the customer’s satisfaction and hence obtain a competitive advancement. /Rect [158.4 344.32 281.52 355.84] q in order to benefit from security features offered by some cloud providers. endstream Currently, organizations are struggling to identify the threats to their information assets and assess the overall damage they might inflict to their systems. Projecting as an evolutionary step, cloud computing encompasses elements from grid computing, utility computing, and autonomic computing into an innovative deployment architecture. endobj /FontBBox [-664 -324 2000 1039] Cloud computing offers a range of potential cyber security benefits for cloud consumers to leverage, providing access to advanced security technologies, shared responsibilities, fine-grained access management, comprehensive monitoring and highly redundant geographically dispersed cloud services. endobj 88 25 /Fabc10 95 0 R /Dests << /Filter /FlateDecode LinkedIn Profile & Resume Sample: Cybersecurity, Cloud Computing Job recruiters use LinkedIn as a primary tool to find candidates with high demand skills such as distributed and cloud computing, data storage, hardware virtualization, IaaS, SaaS, PaaS, cybersecurity, … endobj As such, it offers all the advantages of a public util-ity system, in terms of economy of scale, flexibility, convenience but it raises major issues, not least of which are: loss of control and loss of security. In academia, the cloud can offer instructors and students (whether local or at a distance) on-demand, dedicated, isolated, unlimited, and easily configurable machines. The key is to choose the right technology—one that is designed to protect users, enhance safeguarding of data, and better address requirements under privacy laws. /Fabc5 93 0 R Task scheduling is a means by which the tasks or job specified by users are mapped to the resources that execute them. /BaseFont /ArialMT 0000006118 00000 n 107 0 R 108 0 R] /D /dd9d6baaf6159b8bf574404b3a3bfb28 E-learning systems epitomize computing systems and networks of the internet generation, since they involve multiple stakeholders, geographically distributed resources and data, and special requirements for confidentiality, authentication, and privacy. 556 277 556 556 222 222 500 222 833 556 >> Cloud security will protection data, applications, and infrastructures involved in cloud computing.. << 104 0 obj %PDF-1.2 ��Y˴IM�\qW5�ݳU]lH�ZD>��(k��gB���늗�I�ß�#�Ȋ|X�y��y�8��oQm�Xt_��4OʏP3�I��N�2[� ����>�4��:��$Im �'eB��9���U3�j�������oP��=��&�c��LөL�3�8e�)+�2˴4�������� �t)��j�r�}��#�ND��|���L�9[�e��4��8 �j�s����ga�I'�E|W(�@���/Ů�>?��X�,m�ySf�ntu�U-vV�[�?��Κe�����%�Zœ@|�@�|֍�����8ڿ�HГ��=����g!E6h����G�G�c���½^@��vE�~�&�!≝�Lg!�T��P�. The Evolution of Formal and Informal Institutions Related to Cyber-Security: A Comparison of China a... Hands-on Cybersecurity Exercises that are Easy to Access. Cloud computing has been term as a paradigm that housed both deployment and delivery models as well as the five essential characteristics [6][7]. /1cb4e79835e1dec7517611c5bfec64d13 75 0 R /L 982362 For many organisations, cloud computing can provide /Size 113 << The P s values are taken from [8. e-solutions. /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> These security areas are increasing in attention in response to businesses move to the cloud – cyber thieves follow data and confidential information. 0000005927 00000 n applications. /b055253bf889295b7f24a27b7b58297c 65 0 R provision solutions in which the /A << 777 777 777 777 583 777 722 722 722 722 Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. /Rect [158.4 332.8 282.24 344.32] endobj >> 0 20 40 30 re 230 0 0 45 350 707 cm x�c```f`�baP``�O�p� �)@�03A��l&T gb~���}��X��20&/�� �|*� d �4��%� �����A��A~e��b�zx�4+Ta�#�H(��b b f�P�@�y�!�;��#; zL� We need a system or a platform, and then we call this an E-learning system or distance learning system or the E-learning platform which supports the online and / or the live and / or the blended learning processes. << Identity and context. /Text The main reason for their inaction is security concerns. This allows instructors to more easily see when students are stuck or heading in the wrong direction. f /6575a595550a5b75e6c63bcbdf2a8e69 82 0 R q /753866cc400ab49cf87ed2f17aeb4b600 67 0 R 103 0 obj /753866cc400ab49cf87ed2f17aeb4b602 71 0 R Many aspects of security for cloud environment. /Border [0 0 0] >> /D /aedf23070e6e64229f233e5bb70080eb 0 /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. 0 692 612 100 re NIST gratefully acknowledges the broad contributions of the NIST Cloud Computing Security Working Group (NCC SWG), chaired by Dr. Michaela Iorga. Also, it is an educational system where the instructor and the learner are at distance, collaborate and communicate using the technology. << security authorization of cloud services.