Brownbanded ones are among the most common shark species in the country’s seas. Philippine Teak (Tectona philippinensis) belongs to the Verbenaceae family. The country's surrounding waters reportedly have the highest level of marine biodiversity in the world. Sadly, Lake Lanao, in Mindanao, seems likely to have become the site of one of the hotspot's worst extinction catastrophes, with nearly all of the lake's endemic fish species now almost certainly extinct, primarily due to the introduction of exotic species (like tilapia). Divers can spot over 500 nudibranch species in Philippine waters, making them one of the most common sea creatures in the country. The Philippines is considered as one of the seventeen megadiverse countries as well as global biodiversity hotspot. And when it’s daytime, they go into hiding. An estimated 10,000 tamaraw—an endemic buffalo found solely on Mindoro—thrived in the early 1900s. Bahamas Checklist of Endemic Marine Fish Species This list of marine fish species found exclusively in the Bahamas is based on the taxonomy used in FishBase 2004 (2004).For further details on possible inaccuracies in the list see Sources & Caveats. The species was decimated by widespread logging and hunting, plus an outbreak of rinderpest contracted from imported cattle. Black and yellow mottled markings cover its body, both of which come in shapes similar to snowflakes, stars, or flowers. The flamboyant cuttlefish looks for its favorite food on ocean bottoms. A relative to the corpse flower, devil's tongue, or Amorphophallus bulbifer, is an endemic flower species found in the jungles of the Philippines as well as India. Pacifica is also endemic in the Philippines. Eagle rays are mostly harmless since they’re both shy and gentle. The species grow and bloom in the same biotype as the forests adapting to the environmental conditions of the area. Tamaraw. This already represents five percent of the world’s flora, ranking us fifth in the world in terms of number of plant species. Philippine Eagle (Pithecophaga jefferyi) Also called the monkey-eating eagle, the Philippine eagle … The body comes in a yellow-greenish color and features evenly spaced black rings all over it. The islands of the Philippines have an impressive range of marine life, deeming them popular among divers worldwide. , an area that contains the world’s highest coral diversity. Philippine eagle-owl ( Bubo philippensis) Green humphead parrotfish ( Bolbometopon muricatum) A baby Philippine flying lemur with mother ( … Science Diliman (July-December 2005) 17:2, 52-74 Thirty-three (33) species of marine sponge were identified in this study. The tropical waters of the Philippines host over 150 species of sharks—and the … Prominent birdlife includes jungle fowl, pigeons, peacocks, pheasants, doves, parrots, hornbills, kingfishers, sunbirds, tailorbirds, weaverbirds, herons, and quails.Many species are endemic to the island of Palawan. 8% (235 species) of the coral reef fishes in the Coral Triangle are endemic or locally restricted species. The species often feeds on, A part of the stingray family, eagle rays are named after the unique spots, wing-like fins, and eagle-like snouts on their bodies. Six out of seven endangered sea turtle species call the Philippines home, and there is an abundance of invertebrate and macro life, making this a premiere, 15 Endemic Marine Species in the Philippines, The tropical waters of the Philippines host over 150 species of sharks, and the bamboo shark is one of them. It has black and white stripes, as well as several yellow stains on its body and face. Also known as Bargibant’s seahorse (hippocampus bargibanti), the second sea creature on this list is one of the world’s smallest vertebrates (usually less than 2 centimeters in size). It may have a light green or dark and light tan color. This species also features dark-spotted pectoral fins which help it move forward in short distances. Visayan Warty Pig (Sus cebifrons) While this rare animal got its name because of its facial “warts,” … They’re carnivores with mollusks, crustaceans, octopuses, and small fish as their prey. Tarsier. This makes the blue-ringed octopus one of the ocean’s most dangerous animals. Here are 15 species that are commonly sighted in Philippine waters. Endemic species are those that can only be found in a specific region or area in the globe. If your species can be found elsewhere also it does not belong here. The long and slender body of this species features lobed fins and an asymmetrical caudal fin. They’ll actively keep an eye on their nest and protect it from intruders, which explains their territorial nature. It is one of five marine turtles in the Philippines and is considered critically endangered. Young brown-banded bamboo sharks have medium brown bodies covered by dark brown bands, which eventually turn into a solid brown upon maturing. However, what sets flamboyant cuttlefish apart from other marine animals in the Philippines is its ability to flash yellow, maroon, brown, white, and red hues across its body. Banded pipefish love staying near reefs, as well as tide pools, lagoons, and outer reef slopes. and fish species in general. In 1953, Herre recorded 1,815 marine fish species (out of a total of 2,145 fish species) in the Philippines; today, about 2,824 marine fish species are listed for the Philippines at FishBase (February 2006), including 33 endemic (one of which is endangered), 1,729 reef-associated, 169 pelagic, and 336 deepwater species. The Red-Vented Cockatoo is a parrot that is endemic to the Philippines and distinguishable by its red and yellow feathers beneath the tail. They also like places with caves and crevices that they can live in. They’re carnivores with mollusks, crustaceans, octopuses, and small fish as their prey. Frogfish look quite small, with its biggest species coming in at 12 inches. Moorish idols are extremely social: They’re excellent partners for chromis, dottybacks, and other species that are just as friendly as them. The decorator crab attaches organisms to its shell using satae, which are hard hooks that resemble hair. Eagle rays are mostly harmless since they’re both shy and gentle. AKA Echidna nebulosa ; It's an enormous species, with lengths reaching up to 75cm. Thanks to these tubercles, the pygmy seahorse can be one with knobby corals underwater. The species resembles a disk which adds to their attractiveness. They have one of the smallest territories of any fish rarely moving further than the dimensions of a small plate the whole of their adult lives. The flying gurnard, or sea robin, has a nearly rounded, elongated body narrowing towards its tail. The species habitual range extends from Manila, Laguna, Bataan, Rozal, and Cavite, and the Laguna de Bay, and Pasing River. It is fished commercially.Arius manillensis was first described by the french zoologist achille valenciennes in 1840. PYGMY SEAHORSES (HIppocampus bargibanti/denise) All but one of the seven species of pygmy seahorses so far discovered can be found in the Philippines. The Philippines is one of 18 mega-biodiverse countries in the world, providing shelter to 52,177 species of flora and fauna. THE PHILIPPINE ENDEMIC SPECIES. In 1969, tamaraw numbers dropped to less than 100 heads. In the 2000 Red List of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN), 418 of the country's 52,177 species were listed as threatened. In oth… Bright colors also distinguish these species from each other, with several types being considered poisonous. The plant can grow to 3 feet in a pot, producing a single large bulbous flower of a pale pink hue. Unique red and purple spots cover the body of this species, which can come in a white or cream hue. And it’s very effective: divers will find it hard to spot the species during daytime. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Harlequin shrimps are nocturnal, meaning they only come out at night to consume prey. The tropical waters of the Philippines host over 150 species of sharks—and the bamboo shark is one of them. Yeah Philippines is one of the most diverse country in terms of exotic, endemic and rare animals. Edited by Project Noah Management. Its physical features include a short snout and a fleshy body that features plenty of tubercles. It has become our favorite dive location in the world! Next up on our list of common sea creatures in Philippine waters is the snowflake moray eel (echidna nebulosa). Learn how your comment data is processed. Animals. It’s an enormous species, with lengths reaching up to 75 centimeters.