So that’s why having reference posters with sentence examples around the classroom helps! Although it does not handle the tu pars quand? How to ask questions When asking a question in French, it is possible to do it in several ways. Great. Correct Your French Blunders. Comment vas-tu ?- Bien, merci! ('How much money do you have?') Structuring Questions in French. For basic to intermediate students. Sur quoi est-il monté pour réparer la lampe ? I don’t feel comfortable with this form since in English while asking a question, people must inverting the pronoun and the verb. After est-ce que, the sentence keeps its regular form (subject – verb – object). Note how je (I) is not […] Est-ce qu’il est arrivé? How To Help Students with The French Speaking General Conversation GCSE Exams. Place any interrogative word in front of est-ce .que. Combien d'argent as-tu? Learn how to ask questions in French with our easy overview, then test out your new knowledge in the free exercises. French grammar is the set of rules by which the French language creates statements, questions and commands. You can also use this structure to ask negative questions: If you're pretty sure the answer to your question is yes, you can just make an affirmative statement and then add the tag n'est-ce pas ? after a preposition in questions about an inanimate object. Using est-ce que at the start of a phrase or changing the order of the subject and verb are options. As opposed to English, French wh-questions can take a wide variety of forms. Means when raising a question in French, a statement is still a statement, nothing change. Where are you going? There are three basic question forms in French, each with its own rules. Note also that Quel is an adjective, so it always relates to a noun (thing/person). Why did you arrive so late? – Do you know Ingrid? This is known as l’interrogation totale in French. A very simple but informal way to ask yes/no questions is to raise the pitch of your voice while pronouncing any sentence. Posted on January 30, 2014. Lequel and quel change forms to match the gender and number of the noun they are modifying. Where is the train station? Tu connais Ingrid. Multiple choice trivia quiz questions and answers about France. This is a special French word that's used only when responding in the affirmative to a negative question. With the third person singular (il, elle, or on) and a verb that ends in a vowel, add t- between the verb and the subject pronoun for euphony, or a more harmonious sound. French Question Words. But first we need to know what the role of Questions is in the structure of the grammar in French. I also offer an extended version of this blog post, (57 French phrases instead of just 30) saved as a PDF which you can print for daily use. The rest of the sentence structure stays the same.For example: 1. Learn all the question … How to Use "Est-ce Que" to Ask Questions in French, 'On y Va' ('Let's Go'): French Invitation, Command, and Question, How to Use the French Expression N'Importe Quoi, 'Lequel,' a Difficult French Pronoun, Explained, Basics of French Word Order with Inversion, All About the French Verb "Penser" ("to Think"), How and When to Use French Possessive Pronouns, "WH-" questions (who, what, where, when, and why, along with how many and how much), constituent questions or. Questions with est-ce que are mostly used in spoken language. Question Structure I have an ... We recognize classic french teaching when someone speaks with inversions all the time! À qui as-tu donné le livre ? Pourquoi arrives-tu si tard ? Typical French question words and phrases, If the conjugated verb ends with a vowel and the subject begins with a vowel, we put a, If we’re asking about the subject, the word order in the question remains the same as in a main clause, and the subject is simply replaced with the question-word. Combien de bougies as-tu sur ton gâteau ? type of question, this book does go into detail on other types of questions plus gives handy lists of expressions for translating particular question words from English into French. Polar questions or closed questions (questions fermées) that result in a simple yes or no answer. Combien de is a little different because it's followed by a noun. In French, there are three types of questions: We also differentiate between yes-no questions (l’interrogation totale) and question-word questions (l’interrogation partielle). Become a Lingolia Plus member to access these additional exercises. Other forms are ideal for informal situations. To whom did you give the book? The only difference is the rising intonation, which shows that it’s a question. In French, there are three types of questions: intonation questions, questions with est-ce que, and questions with inverted word order. See the chapter Questions and Answers (pp. Just invert the conjugated verb and subject pronoun and join them with a hyphen. "(and "Which?") In French, the normal order of words is subject (noun or pronoun) + verb: Il doit.Inversion is when the normal word order is inverted to verb + subject and, in the case of a pronoun being inverted, joined by a hyphen: Doit-il.There are a number of different uses of inversion. I identify four basic patterns: (a) wh- in situ: Vous êtes allés où? ; (d) subject-clitic inversion: Où êtes-vous allés?, and argue that these are in fact ‘allo-questions’. – You know Ingrid. To make sure that you understand the correct answers, our answer keys offer simple explanations as well as handy tips and tricks. Again, place any interrogative words at the beginning of the question. Common French Questions: 19 Big Ones for Everyday Use. French Question Words Posters. A question word is a word like when or how that is used to ask for information. France is the largest country in the European Union. 2. Question-word questions are known as l’interrogation partielle in French. 2. Get to grips with how easy it is to manipulate this structure and say what you want with it. Whereas que/quoi/qui will be used to define something, to ask what they are, quel is used in the context of a choice, an alternative: what is that, relative to other elements?. My details are: With Lingolia Plus you can access 8 additional exercises about Questions, as well as 586 online exercises to improve your French. Learn about the first structure in the French language. Est-ce que je peux venir avec toi ?- Si tu veux. The subject pronoun and the verb get swapped around (inverted) and separated by a hyphen. Je vais au cinéma.- Qu’est-ce que tu vas voir ?- Un film d’action. Using est-ce que at the start of a phrase or changing the order of the subject and verb are options. – Pour me défendre. 3. To make sure that you understand the correct answers, our answer keys offer simple explanations as well as handy tips and tricks. But for a student learning a second language, those words can get all mixed up. French Questions. Questions – mixed exercises Learning the French Questions is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. There are many ways to ask a question. Using inversion to ask a question in French requires a little tweaking in the order of the words of the statement. ; (c) est-ce que insertion: Où est-ce que vous êtes allés? These kinds of questions can be constructed with or without question words. Yes, send me my free Learn French newsletters. La phrase interrogative – types et formes d’interrogation. Question Structure in French. La phrase interrogative – interrogation totale ou interrogation partielle ? ; (b) wh- raised, verb in situ: Où vous êtes allés? 14 July Bastille Day I learned the intonation form of French last week. Why French people never say “ne” You may have noticed that the French rarely pronounce the “ne” when they speak. Another simple way to ask a question in French is to add est-ce que in the beginning of a sentence. Once you have the basic French sentence structure down, it is time to move on to more complicated things, like questions. French quiz questions. Look at these examples: – Because the train was delayed. Let's start with the question words that can be used to indicate a question before delving into the different ways of asking. Veux-tu acheter du pop-corn ? Online exercises to improve your French. French Sentence Structure Chapter Exam Instructions. The key to understanding in any language is the ability to ask a question. This is a popular option of the many informal ways to ask questions in French. Remember that when you ask a question in French, the verb is not demander but poser; the expression is "poser une question.". Here you go, one French stereotype confirmed. Pourquoi veux-tu apprendre le karaté ? Indirect questions are questions that have been reformulated as a subordinate clause within another sentence. If the question contains a preposition, this comes before the question-word. 252-274) for further examples of questions. Questions – Exercises. Some forms are rather formal -to be used when writing, giving speeches, or at times that you would use vous to address someone. "WH-" questions (who, what, where, when, and why, along with how many and how much), constituent questions or open questions (questions ouvertes) ask for information with question (interrogative) words. Est-ce que means literally "is it that," and can be placed at the beginning of any affirmative sentence to turn it into a question. 1. The question-word indicates the information that we want, for example: where (place), when (time), why (reason), who (person). The most common French question words are listed on Question words-150. When asking a question, you may want to know who (qui in French) or what (que in French) is performing the action, when (quand in French) the action is performed, how (comment in French) or where (où in French) it is performed, etc. Here are two pencil cases. On another page we learned about the French question words qui (who) and que (what) and how they can be used with various forms of est-ce que and inversion. – I come from Germany. in French. – A 7 heures. In order to support the French Speaking of my students, I collated a number of foundation level and higher tier questions and put them into a handout which you will find at the bottom of the post. Great for learning, review and consolidating your French knowledge. Why do you want to learn karate? Revise and improve your French with detailed content, examples, audio, personalised practice tests and … Where do you come from ? Sometimes we want more than yes or no for an answer. French has several ways of asking questions. Our online exercises for French help you to learn and practice grammar rules in an interactive manner. (Do you know?) When did you eat breakfast? Whether you're working, traveling, learning, or just trying to learn more about someone, questions are an important part of the conversation. Our online exercises for French help you to learn and practice grammar rules in an interactive manner. When the question is asking about the subject of the sentence (using qui or que), we have to add est-ce qui instead of est-ce que. 10 terms. Why is Juliette going to the cinema alone? Here is a list of the subject pronouns you can use in inversion. In formal language when there’s a noun followed by the inversion the following structure is used. – Parce que le train a eu du retard. – To defend myself. Most of questions need an interrogative conjunction which indicate what we want to know. Get French lessons and verbs emailed direct to you free Get lots of useful French lessons and French verbs sent to you each week free by email, from the 200 Words a Day accelerated language learning team. However, the best way often depends on the situation. Est-ce que literally means “is it that” in English, and is inserted before a regular statement to turn it into a question. Questions without question-words are those we can answer with yes or no. Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. We also differentiate between yes-no questions and question-word questions. – Just around the corner. You can use a question word with one of the methods described above: you can make your voice go up at the end of the sentence. Support mat with acronyms to help students remember what to include/do when approaching the new 16 and 32 mark writing questions. French ~ Question Words Tu aimes aller au cinéma ?- Beaucoup ! Note that the question adjective quel also means "What/Who? If you do this, the question word goes at the END of the sentence. – At 7 o’clock. Vista, French 1, Unité 4, Leçon 4A - Structure 4A.2-Interrogative Words. Inversion is a more formal way to ask questions. Get 3 months membership for just €10.49 (≈ $12.48). How to ask questions When asking a question in French, it is possible to do it in several ways. There are, essentially, four ways to ask questions in French. – We’re going to the station. Well then, let’s stop dilly-dallying and get to work. No seriously, in informal situations, it’s perfectly acceptable to drop the “ne” when you speak French. The simplest kind of question is an intonation question. Est-ce que tu connais Ingrid? Which one do you want? The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the French language. Unfortunately for students, in many other cases the question structures in English and in French will be different, for two reasons: a) Unlike English, French does not allow simple inversion when the subject of a sentence is a noun, and; b) Most tenses in French are formed without an auxiliary, whereas in English we always use an auxiliary (do, did, has, was etc.) Okay, so we’ve convinced you that this post is kinda, sorta important, yes? Learn to ask questions in French, then test yourself in the free exercises. Quand avez-vous petit-déjeuné ? That’s because they are lazy. Learn the top 30 must-know French questions you'll need to get by in France or when talking to French people. pourquoi je pleure devant les films romantiques. A simple explanation of "Questions with qui, que, quoi, quand, où, comment, pourquoi, combien". Interrogative clauses (une phrase interrogative) are questions. Question-word questions. Quel/Quelle can be followed by a verb or a noun, but you mus… In this article, I have shared a list of 30 useful French transition words and phrases that will help you create more sophisticated written arguments for your exam (at school or for DELF exam). Discover grammar tips, writing help, and fun English language facts. The question-word comes right at the beginning of the sentence. - Bonjour Julie! So when to use quel instead of que/quoi/qui ?. Inversion Questions in French. When asking for information, we usually place a question-word at the beginning of the sentence. Interrogative clauses (une phrase interrogative) are questions. We might forget how hard learning question words is. to the end. Questions. – À mon amie. You can structure a question in two ways- 1 -Switching the positions of the verb and the pronoun So basicaly, in affirmative you say- Vous savez (You know) And in a questions you say- Savez-vous? La phrase interrogative – questions avec "est-ce que", La phrase interrogative – sans mot interrogatif (interrogation totale), La phrase interrogative – avec mot interrogatif (interrogation partielle) 1, La phrase interrogative – avec mot interrogatif (interrogation partielle) 2. I’m sharing a free set of French question words posters with you today. For a more in-depth explanation, see Indirect Questions. – My girlfriend. How many candles do you have on your cake? In many respects, it is quite similar to that of the other Romance languages.. French is a moderately inflected language. The word order doesn’t change — we keep the subject – verb – object order the same as in a declarative sentence. Get plenty of opportunity to practise using this structure. One of the easiest sorts of questions to ask in French is called an inversion question. Learn how to form questions and statements in structure 1.