Garlic consumption by nursing mothers may cause some changes in the infant's behavior. Bawang ( Garlic ) – Scientific name: Allium sativum Linn. When selecting garlic for planting, it is important to pick large bulbs from which to separate cloves. Vietnamese, Thai, Myanmar, Lao, Cambodian, Singaporean), and Chinese cookery, and is very abundant and low-priced. Yearly. [71], A 2016 meta-analysis found no effect of garlic on colorectal cancer. [11] It produces hermaphrodite flowers. [39], In his Natural History, Pliny gives a list of scenarios in which garlic was considered beneficial (N.H. xx. [20], Garlic scapes are removed to focus all the garlic's energy into bulb growth. Is the Coronavirus Crisis Increasing America's Drug Overdoses? The scientific name of Garlic is the botanical name or formal name. Garlic juice is made by pressing, juicing or blending garlic cloves, which come from the plant bearing the scientific name Allium sativum. The flavor varies in intensity and aroma with the different cooking methods. 23). In Levantine countries such as Jordan, Palestine, and Lebanon, garlic is traditionally crushed together with olive oil, and occasionally salt, to create a Middle Eastern garlic sauce called Toum (تُوم; meaning "garlic" in Arabic). [13] The use of garlic in China and Egypt also dates back thousands of years. [13] It was consumed by ancient Greek and Roman soldiers, sailors, and rural classes (Virgil, Eclogues ii. "Low-temperature biology and pathogenic@ of Penicillium hirsutum on garlic in storage ", P. Bertolini, 1995. Hardneck garlic is generally grown in cooler climates and produces relatively large cloves, whereas softneck garlic is generally grown closer to the equator and produces small, tightly-packed cloves. [73], A 2013 meta-analysis of case-control and cohort studies found limited evidence for an association between higher garlic consumption and reduced risk of prostate cancer, but the studies were suspected as having publication bias. Green garlic is often chopped and stir-fried or cooked in soup or hot pot in Southeast Asian (i.e. You can discover details including top producing & exporting countries, real-time market prices, local product varieties, seasonality, production & export volumes, and more. Garlic, also known as Clove Garlic is part of the Lilliceae plant family. It was one of the main protective plants for the Egyptians, the Gauls, and also the Romans and Greeks who cultivated it and added it to numerous dishes. Washing the skin with soap is only a partial and imperfect solution to the smell. These infused oils are used to season all categories of vegetables, meats, breads, and pasta. Scientific Name. No serious pest or disease problems. As a condition for access you agree that the Commonwealth makes no representations or warranties regarding the database and does not accept any liability in connection with reliance on the information contained within the database (including by third parties you in any way allow or assist to access the information). [25], In 2018, world production of garlic was 28.5 million tonnes, with China alone accounting for 78% of the total.[8]. Find Garlic Scientific Name Allium Sativum Species stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. Oils can be flavored with garlic cloves. The distinctive aroma is mainly due to organosulfur compounds including allicin present in fresh garlic cloves and ajoene which forms when they are crushed or chopped. Option 1 (EXDOC Endorsement 1207) 1) Onion smut (Urocystis cepulae) is not known to occur in the area of production, 2) Bean bacterial brown spot (Pseudomonas syringae pv syringae) and Pink rot (Pyrenochaeta terrestris) are known not to occur in the area of production, S.A. Fennimore, Plant Sciences, UC Davis and USDA-ARS, Salinas. The bulb crop belongs to the class Equisetopsida, the subclass Magnoliidae, the superorder Lilianae, the order Asparagales, the family Amaryllidaceae and, finally, the genus Allium. [12], Identification of the wild progenitor of common garlic is difficult due to the sterility of its many cultivars, which limits the ability to cross test with wild relatives. The bulbs are very flavorsome and are a common ingredient in cooking. People have used garlic as a food and medicine for more than 5,000 years. [6][7] China produces some 80% of the world's supply of garlic. Closely related to onions , garlic has been used for thousands of years around the globe due to its powerful effects on human health. C are inhibited entirely,[58] in refrigerated cloves one may only see the white mycellium during early stages. With the exception of the single clove types, garlic bulbs are normally divided into numerous fleshy sections called cloves. isolated from garlic in two regions in Argentina", J.G. [6] If garlic is planted at the proper time and depth, it can be grown as far north as Alaska. Garlic is grown all over the world, mostly in temperate and tropical regions although cultivators have grown it to suit many different climates. In Mexico, bulb of garlic is consumed to prevent tuberculosis. Wilson, Intermountain Research and Extension Center. The green, dry "folds" in the center of the garlic clove are especially pungent. The scientific genus name of garlic is Allium sativum, per the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Also known locally as bawang, it is a plant native to Central Asia and northeastern Iran and is commonly used as a seasoning worldwide. The bulb is odoriferous and contains outer layers of thin sheathing leaves surrounding an inner sheath that encloses the clove. Some people have allergic reactions to garlic. [4][5] It was known to ancient Egyptians and has been used as both a food flavoring and a traditional medicine. Garlic: Origins. al, 2009, International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants, "Garlic production in 2018: Crops/World Regions/Production Quantity (from pick lists)", "2018 Will be the Most Difficult Year for Garlic Export: Chinese Garlic at Risk", "Agriculture and Rural Development > Agriculture and food > DOOR", "Diversity in fertility potential and organo-sulphur compounds among garlics from Central Asia",, "A Garlic Festival Without a Single Clove", "UC IPM: UC Management Guidelines for Pink Root on Onion and Garlic", "Biosynthesis of the flavour precursors of onion and garlic", "The Pungency of Garlic: Activation of TRPA1 and TRPV1 in Response to Allicin", Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, "Separation of Blue Pigments in Crushed Garlic Cloves: The Color-Forming Potential of Individual Amino Acids", "Identification of Candidate Amino Acids Involved in the Formation of Blue Pigments in Crushed Garlic Cloves (, "Garlic: A Review of Potential Therapeutic Effects", "Allicin and related compounds: Biosynthesis, synthesis and pharmacological activity", "Glossary of Foods and Food Terms in Korea", "Garlic: Safe Methods to Store, Preserve, and Enjoy", "Safe Homemade Flavored and Infused Oils",,,,, "Effect of garlic on blood pressure: A systematic review and meta-analysis", "A systematic review and meta-analysis on the effects of garlic preparations on blood pressure in individuals with hypertension", "Garlic for the prevention of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in hypertensive patients", "Diet and cancer risk in the Korean population: a meta-analysis", Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, "Garlic consumption and colorectal cancer risk in man: a systematic review and meta-analysis", "Allium Vegetables and Risk of Prostate Cancer: Evidence from 132,192 Subjects", "Prevention and treatment of the common cold: making sense of the evidence", "Garlic: from nature's ancient food to nematicide", "Drinking a glass of milk can stop garlic breath", What you should know about household hazards to pets, "Hadith – Book of Call to Prayers (Adhaan) – Sahih al-Bukhari – Sayings and Teachings of Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم)", "Hadith – The Book of Mosques and Places of Prayer – Sahih Muslim – Sayings and Teachings of Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم)", "Nutrition facts for raw garlic, USDA National Nutrient Database, version SR-21",, Articles with Latin-language sources (la), Articles with Norman-language sources (nrf), Articles with unsourced statements from February 2015, Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎, गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Ajo Morado de Las Pedroñeras, a rose/pink garlic, May include official, semi-official or estimated data, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 15:17. The leaves are cut, cleaned, and then stir-fried with eggs, meat, or vegetables. Allium pekinense Prokhanov: Common garlic (Engl.) Image from: NOTV Food. Yearly. [83], In folklore, garlic has been regarded as a force for both good and evil. provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. Attractive flowers have good ornamental value and are pleasant additions to … In Europe, many cultures have used garlic for protection or white magic, perhaps owing to its reputation in folk medicine. Acknowledgement for Contributions to … In some cuisines, the young bulbs are pickled for three to six weeks in a mixture of sugar, salt, and spices. Garlic Genus and Other Classification. Laba garlic, prepared by soaking garlic in vinegar, is a type of pickled garlic served with dumplings in northern China to celebrate the Chinese New Year.[2]. A web page providing general knowledge on scientific names of common plants, fruits, vegetables and some common trees including scientific name of mehndi, pudina, ginger, turmeric, grains and cereals. [75] Other reviews concluded a similar absence of high-quality evidence for garlic having a significant effect on the common cold. [29] The herb is, therefore, included in many garlic recipes, such as pistou, persillade, and the garlic butter spread used in garlic bread. Range Map is at the bottom of the page [28] Because of this, people throughout history have used garlic to keep away pests such as mosquitoes and slugs. The Filipino variety of Bawang is very small, and four times more expensive than the imported varieties of bawang found in the markets. Inedible or rarely eaten parts of the garlic plant include the "skin" covering each clove and root cluster. [33], Upon cutting, similar to a color change in onion caused by reactions of amino acids with sulfur compounds,[34] garlic can turn green.[35][36]. Garlic is rubbed on affected areas of rheumatism, arthritis, and toothaches. Some garlics have protected status in Europe,[17] including: There are two subspecies of A. sativum,[18] ten major groups of varieties, and hundreds of varieties or cultivars. garlic mustard This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … [Illegitimate] [67] Another meta-analysis found decreased rates of stomach cancer associated with garlic intake, but cited confounding factors as limitations for interpreting these studies. [6][82] Garlic may interact with warfarin,[6] saquinavir, antihypertensives, calcium channel blockers, the quinolone family of antibiotics such as ciprofloxacin, and hypoglycemic drugs, as well as other medications. The plant grows to 60 cm tall by 25 cm wide. [7][65][66], A 2016 meta-analysis of case-control and cohort studies found a moderate inverse association between garlic intake and some cancers of the upper digestive tract. [37] Translations of the c. 1300 Assize of Weights and Measures, an English statute generally dated to the 13th century, indicate a passage as dealing with standardized units of garlic production, sale, and taxation — the hundred of 15 ropes of 15 heads each[38] – but the Latin version of the text may refer to herring rather than garlic. R.F. The scientific nomenclature of biological species clearly identifies the organism named and the person who first named the species. [68] Further meta-analyses found similar results on the incidence of stomach cancer by consuming allium vegetables including garlic. Garlic - Allium sativum L. Family. The Science of Garlic and How to Make the Best Garlic Bread | Garlic Bread | What's Eating Dan? "Identification, pathogenicity and distribution of Penicillium spp. For cultivation purposes, garlic is propagated asexually by sowing the cloves. Garlic may be applied to different kinds of bread, usually in a medium of butter or oil, to create a variety of classic dishes, such as garlic bread, garlic toast, bruschetta, crostini, and canapé. [14] Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds. Numerous cuneiform records show that garlic has been cultivated in Mesopotamia for at least 4,000 years. Arkansas The soil may be sandy, loam or clay, though Garlic flourishes best in a rich, moist, sandy soil. Harvest is in late spring or early summer. [57] As sporulation and germination are delayed at low temperature, and at -4 deg. [23] Garlic leaves are a popular vegetable in many parts of Asia. Since digestion takes several hours, and release of AMS several hours more, the effect of eating garlic may be present for a long time.[2]. English: Garlic Tagalog: Bawang. R.F. ©Donovan Govan-2005/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0 It is particularly prized for stuffing poultry and game, and in soups and stews. When a cell is broken by chopping, chewing, or crushing, enzymes stored in cell vacuoles trigger the breakdown of several sulfur-containing compounds stored in the cell fluids (cytosol). When the same name is used more than once in a paper, the first letter of the genus (still capitalized) may be used as an abbreviation in the second and subsequent uses of the n… Garlic softens and can be extracted from the cloves by squeezing the (root) end of the bulb, or individually by squeezing one end of the clove. Garlic chives belong to the onion family and they are very similar to the usual chives. Ahos (Bis.) The well-known phenomenon of "garlic breath" is allegedly alleviated by eating fresh parsley. Syrup, 1 drachm. [78] Mixing garlic with milk in the mouth before swallowing reduced the odor better than drinking milk afterward. This is because garlic's strong-smelling sulfur compounds are metabolized, forming allyl methyl sulfide. Garlic is a member of the onion family and is one of nature's most multipurpose medicinal plants. Galen, writing in the second century, eulogized Garlic as the "rustic's theriac" (cure-all) (see F. Adams' Paulus Aegineta, p. 99). The full name is A. sativum. [45] Garlic is widely used around the world for its pungent flavor as a seasoning or condiment. Among the members of the onion family, garlic has by far the highest concentrations of initial reaction products, making garlic much more potent than onion, shallot, or leeks. Garlic cloves are used for consumption (raw or cooked) or for medicinal purposes. Garlic is a low herb with flat and linear leaves growing to about 30 to 60 cm tall. [89] When expressed per 100 grams, garlic contains several nutrients in rich amounts (20% or more of the DV), including vitamins B6 and C, and the dietary minerals manganese and phosphorus. Domestically, garlic is stored warm [above 18 Â°C (64 Â°F)] and dry to keep it dormant (to inhibit sprouting). The plant is native to central Asia but grows wild in Italy and southern France and is a classic ingredient in many national cuisines. [54] Refrigeration does not assure the safety of garlic kept in oil, requiring use within one month to avoid bacterial spoilage. In celebration of Nowruz (Persian calendar New Year), garlic is one of the essential items in a Haft-sin ("seven things beginning with 'S'") table, a traditional New Year's display: the name for garlic in Persian is سیر (seer), which begins with "س" (sin, pronounced "seen") the Perso-Arabic letter corresponding to "S". For example, the Philippine brown deer is Rusa marianna, and the dove tree, found in parts of China, is Davidia involucrata. Garlic (Allium sativum L.) is a bulbous herb used as a food item, spice and medicine in different parts of the world. Valdez et. [77], Garlic is known to cause bad breath (halitosis) and body odor, described as a pungent "garlicky" smell to sweat. [46], Other parts of the garlic plant are also edible. Tzatziki, yogurt mixed with garlic and salt, is a common sauce in Eastern Mediterranean cuisines. Society garlic, scientifically known as Tulbaghia violacea, is a flowering plant species belonging to the onion family Alliaceae, native to Southern Africa and is naturalized in Mexico and Tanzania. In India, the garlic juice is applied after diluting in water to prevent hair color from turning grey. [14] Export. It is native to Central Asia and northeastern Iran and has long been a common seasoning worldwide, with a history of several thousand years of human consumption and use. [7][76], The sticky juice within the bulb cloves is used as an adhesive in mending glass and porcelain. [2][13] Well-preserved garlic was found in the tomb of Tutankhamun (c. 1325 BC). They are usually referred to as garlic … Herb gardens, vegetable gardens, cottage gardens or naturalized areas. Garlic Additional Common Names: Stinking Rose, Rustic Treacle, Camphor of the Poor, Nectar of the Gods, Serpent Garlic, Rocambole Scientific Name: Allium sativum There are different varieties of garlic for different use. [3] An environmentally benign garlic-derived polysulfide product is approved for use in the European Union (under Annex 1 of 91/414) and the UK as a nematicide and insecticide, including for use for control of cabbage root fly and red mite in poultry. Garlic, oil, and a chunky base produce skordalia. This is based on several hadith.[87][88]. Know the scientific name for an herb but not the common name we use on this site? [72] A 2014 meta-analysis found garlic supplements or allium vegetables to have no effect on colorectal cancers. Garlic is closely related to the onion plant. They are also known as "garlic spears", "stems", or "tops". Some of the compounds are unstable and continue to react over time. Smith, UC Cooperative Extension Monterey County. ---Cultivation---The ground should be prepared in a similar manner as for the closelyallied onion. The scientific genus name of garlic is Allium sativum, per the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Allium ophioscorodon Link: Bauang (Tag.) The sulfur compound allicin, produced by crushing or chewing fresh garlic,[6] produces other sulfur compounds: ajoene, allyl polysulfides, and vinyldithiins. Garlic if rubbed over ringworm provides a relieving effect. [26] The resultant compounds are responsible for the sharp or hot taste and strong smell of garlic. [7] Central European folk beliefs considered garlic a powerful ward against demons, werewolves, and vampires. Garlic (Allium sativum) is one of the earth's greatest health tonics and does indeed have scientifically-proven medicinal properties.It contains a substance called Allicin, which has anti-bacterial properties that are equivalent to a weak penicillin.It is a natural antibiotic and is useful in treating everything from allergies to tonsillitis. Full head of garlic beside another with removed cloves (one clove has been peeled). Garlic Chives Description. Single clove garlic (also called pearl or solo garlic) originated in the Yunnan province of China. The plant may produce pink to purple flowers from July to September in the Northern Hemisphere. The Allium genus has more than 750 different species, including onions, leeks and chives. Festival of Sacrifice: The Past and Present of the Islamic Holiday of Eid al-Adha. Nov 26, 2017 - Garlic (scientific name Allium sativum) is a species in the onion genus, Allium. Allium sativum is a BULB growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in). Garlic plants are said to repel rabbits and moles. Garlic belongs to the Allium family (which also includes onion, chives, and leeks) and is poisonous to dogs and cats.Garlic is considered to be about 5-times as potent as onion and leeks.Certain breeds and species are more sensitive, including cats and Japanese breeds of dogs (e.g., Akita, Shiba Inu). The two-pyrrole molecule looks red, the three-pyrrole molecule looks blue, and the four-pyrrole molecule looks green (like chlorophyll, a tetrapyrrole). [40] Alexander Neckam, a writer of the 12th century (see Wright's edition of his works, p. 473, 1863), discussed it as a palliative for the heat of the sun in field labor. Scapes generally have a milder taste than the cloves. Garlic, (Allium sativum), perennial plant of the amaryllis family (Amaryllidaceae), grown for its flavourful bulbs. While not exclusively served with meats, toum is commonly paired with chicken or other meat dishes such as shawarma. Garlic vine, Pachyptera alliacea (Lamk.) Garlic (Engl.) [20] The larvae of the leek moth attack garlic by mining into the leaves or bulbs. Nectar of the Gods (Engl.) Garlic plant clade, plant tribe and order fall under the scientific classification of Garlic. Peeled cloves may be stored in wine or vinegar in the refrigerator. A further metabolite allyl methyl sulfide is responsible for garlic breath. Blending garlic, almond, oil, and soaked bread produces ajoblanco. Central Asia is considered the home of garlic, but the plant has been maintained through farming for a long time and almost the entire world, especially the Near East, cultivate it. Garlic is commercially grown in the Philippines especially in the provinces of Batangas, Cotabato, Ilocos Norte, Mindoro and Nueva Ecija. Production. 5 Replies. Tincture, 1/2 to 1 drachm. Genus is a group of plants which are related to each other in some or the other way. [28] Allicin, along with its decomposition products diallyl disulfide and diallyl trisulfide, are major contributors to the characteristic odor of garlic, with other allicin-derived compounds, such as vinyldithiins and ajoene. Garlic is essential in Middle Eastern and Arabic cooking, with its presence in many food items. It is pollinated by bees, butterflies, moths, and other insects. In Islam, it is recommended not to eat raw garlic prior to going to the mosque. that name was the mostly known name for garlic. It’s other common name is Crow poison. Full head of garlic beside another with removed cloves (one clove has been peeled). Ubiquitous market produce. Genus name comes from the classical Latin name for garlic. Ring structures absorb particular wavelengths of light and thus appear colored. Additionally, the immature flower stalks (scapes) of the hardneck and elephant types are sometimes marketed for uses similar to asparagus in stir-fries.[14]. [13] Other candidates that have been suggested include Allium tuncelianum, Allium macrochaetum, and Allium truncatum, all of which are native to the Middle East.[13]. R.G. Scientific name of garlic is Allium sativum. Bayabas – Scientific name: Psidium guajava L. → [6] Possible side effects include gastrointestinal discomfort, sweating, dizziness, allergic reactions, bleeding, and menstrual irregularities. [14], Garlic is often kept in oil to produce flavored oil; however, the practice requires measures to be taken to prevent the garlic from spoiling which may include rancidity and growth of Clostridium botulinum. [56] Infection may first appear as soft or water-soaked spots, followed by white patches (of mycelium) which turn blue or green with sporulation. Side effects include breath and body odor, heartburn, and upset stomach. Garlic, along with fish sauce, chopped fresh chilis, lime juice, sugar, and water, is a basic essential item in dipping fish sauce, a highly used dipping sauce condiment used in Indochina. [13][14][15] However, because Allium longicuspis is also mostly sterile, it is doubtful that it is the ancestor of Allium sativum. [14], There are different varieties or subspecies of garlic, most notably hardneck garlic and softneck garlic. Its family is Amaryllidaceae and the Genus is Allium. People who suffer from garlic allergies are often sensitive to many other plants, including onions, chives, leeks, shallots, garden lilies, ginger, and bananas. [22][23], Garlic plants are usually hardy and not affected by many pests or diseases. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. Garlic will keep longer if the tops remain attached. Penicillium hirsutum[59] and Penicillium allii[60] are two of the predominant species identified in blue mold. A-Z sorted by Scientific Names | A-Z sorted by Common Names | A-Z sorted by Family. In North America, Allium vineale (known as "wild garlic" or "crow garlic") and Allium canadense( known as "meadow garlic", "wild garlic", or "wild onion") are common weeds in fields. The California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) conducts a certification program to assure freedom from nematode and white rot disease caused by Stromatinia cepivora, two pathogens that can both destroy a crop as well as remain in the soil indefinitely, once introduced. Import. (also see: 34, 38 above) (55) Availability Wildcrafted. Bawang is cultivated throughout the Philippines. Specific epithet means tuberous. This article looks at research into the health benefits of garlic and the … Common/English Name: Pink Agapanthus, Sweet Garlic, Society Garlic, Wild Garlic: Name in … Common names are from state and federal lists. Allium sativum (garlic); ready for culinary use. In East and Southeast Asia, chili oil with garlic is a popular dipping sauce, especially for meat and seafood. [3] Garlic is a bulbous perennial that belongs to the onion family. Post navigation ← Banaba – Scientific name: Lagerstroemia speciosa Linn. 11), and, according to Pliny the Elder (Natural History xix. Acknowledgement for Contributions to Weeds It was traditionally used for health purposes by people in many parts of the world, including the Egyptians, Greeks, Romans, Chinese, Japanese, and Native Americans. The name is of Anglo-Saxon origin, being derived from gar (a spear) and lac (a plant), in reference to the shape of its leaves. [49] The root cluster attached to the basal plate of the bulb is the only part not typically considered palatable in any form. To ward off vampires, garlic could be worn, hung in windows, or rubbed on chimneys and keyholes. ---Preparations---Juice, 10 to 30 drops. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and … China produces some 80% of the world's supply of garlic. Large cloves, along with proper spacing in the planting bed, will also increase bulb size. [3] It is native to Central Asia and northeastern Iran and has long been a common seasoning worldwide, with a history of several thousand years of human consumption and use. [51] Latin American seasonings, particularly, use garlic in sofritos and mofongos.[52]. Its close relatives include the onion, shallot, leek, chive, and Chinese onion. Problems. Lightly smoked garlic is used in British and other European cuisine. It is often paired with onion, tomato, or ginger. Garlic supplementation may also be associated with reduced risk of hematologic malignancies . [54] Acidification with a mild solution of vinegar minimizes bacterial growth. SCROLL DOWN FOR PHOTOGRAPHS. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Garlic is closely related to the onion plant. The leaf blade is flat, linear, solid, and approximately 1.25–2.5 cm (0.5–1.0 in) wide, with an acute apex. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). [citation needed]In the first year … [7], Some breastfeeding mothers have found, after consuming garlic, that their babies can be slow to feed, and have noted a garlic odor coming from them. If used as a substitute for fresh garlic, 1/8 teaspoon of garlic powder is approximate to one clove of garlic. The goal is to have the bulbs produce only roots and no shoots above the ground. The juice of Garlic, and milk of Garlic made by boiling the bruised bulbs in milk is used as a vermifuge. Garlic plant grows to a height of 4 ft. and produces flowers. They are often used in stir frying or braised like asparagus. [citation needed], A large number of sulfur compounds contribute to the smell and taste of garlic. [47] When green garlic is allowed to grow past the "scallion" stage, but not permitted to fully mature, it may produce a garlic "round", a bulb like a boiling onion, but not separated into cloves like a mature bulb. "Bulletin #1206, Blue Mold of Garlic," U. of Maine Cooperative Extension. Botanical name. ), The Secret Science of Solving Crossword Puzzles, Racist Phrases to Remove From Your Mental Lexicon. [27] Although many humans enjoy the taste of garlic, these compounds are believed to have evolved as a defensive mechanism, deterring animals such as birds, insects, and worms from eating the plant. Garlic was placed by the ancient Greeks on the piles of stones at crossroads, as a supper for Hecate (Theophrastus, Characters, The Superstitious Man). Garlic (Allium sativum) is a species in the onion genus, Allium. There are hundreds of varieties of garlic, but they can all be categorized … This entry was posted in List of Medicinal Plants in the Philippines and tagged bawang, garlic on March 8, 2009 by Pinoy Herbs.