Three others almost make the list. Fraxinus pennsylvanica, the green ash or red ash, is a species of ash native to eastern and central North America, from Nova Scotia west to southeastern Alberta and eastern Colorado, south to northern Florida, and southwest to Oklahoma and eastern Texas. The Texas Ash is a very beautiful shade tree with a rounded crown that is reminiscent of a Chinese Pistachio. Unlike the other native trees we’ve already mentioned, the Texas ash (also known as the mountain ash or by its scientific name, Fraxinus albicans) has a relatively short life, typically lasting between 15 and 20 years, and sometimes less. Common Species of Ash Trees White Ash Leaf color is dark green on top, much lighter below, usually turning brown in early fall. The Ash Tree is a fast growing tree which grows approximately 15 to 20 inches each year. Secondary Names: mountain ash ... leaflets are long-stalked and 1" to 3" long. The emerald ash borer is an invasive, boring beetle from northeast Asia that has killed millions of ash trees since its introduction to the United States in the early 2000s. Texas Ash is a smaller, more drought tolerant relative of White Ash, F. americana. Prickly ash or toothache tree (Zanthoxylum clava-herculis) is … The Texas ash tree (Fraxinus texensis) is a deciduous shade tree with modest space needs. Once established, Texas ash is drought-tolerant. Install clearwing borer traps and/or apply trunk. The green ash has been heavily used in urban landscapes across the the United States. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be about 10 m (33 ft) (33 ft) high. Common Name: Green Ash: Latin Name: Fraxinus pennsylvanica: Tree Size: Large : Leaf Type: Deciduous : Growth Rate: Rapid : Water Needs: Moderate: Tolerances: Salty soil or sea-spray, drought, poorly drained sites : Attributes: Texas native, reliable fall color: Features: Fall color is usually yellow. Range/Site Description: From the Dallas area to Central Texas and west to the Edwards Plateau, on rocky limestone hillsides, bluffs, and ridges. Poison-sumac (Toxicodendron vernix) has alternate leaves and white fruits; Carolina ash (Fraxinus caroliniana) has fruits 1" to 3" long and 0.75" wide; white ash (F. americana) has whitish leaf undersides, and buds that sit down in the leaf scars. Identifying Ash trees in Texas. Home Advisor is a trusted source for helping connect home owners with high quality service professionals. Texas Ash, Mountain Ash Fraxinus texensis . The Green Ash can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 2–9. A flat, winged "samara," 1" to 1.5" long and 0.25" to 0.33" wide, the winged portion extending well down past the middle of the seed, maturing in late summer and distributed by the wind. More About this Tree Leaflets are often entire or with very shallow teeth. A common bottomland tree across the eastern third of Texas, as far west as the Guadalupe River. When established the Texas Ash is easy to maintain because of its superior level of drought tolerance and low fertilizer requirements. Leaf color is dark green above and light green beneath, turning yellow in the fall. It grows well in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 to 9. Best Shade Trees for Texas. The leaves are imparipinnate and the flowers are green-violet. Accessibility, Site Policies & Public Notices According to green ash information, the tree’s native range stretches from eastern Canada down to Texas and northern Florida. The Green Ash is a hardy shade tree has been a popular choice due to its fast growth, large canopy, and adaptability of soil conditions. The wood is heavy, hard, rather strong, brittle, and coarse-grained. The Patmore keeps its uniform shape without pruning, and since it's resistant to disease and drought, there’s virtually no upkeep.