Several people lamented that they didn’t like using bullets, bold text or shading, as they felt it wasn’t eye-catching and was hard to read. These are especially important to include in a qualitative report where you depend on participants’ experiences to support your findings instead of quantifiable data. Do I like the colours used? Notice how color is used to help differentiate and emphasize the findings of the research. Saldana, Johnny (2003). Of course, data visualizations are usually only used with quantitative data. A picture tells a thousand words (or numbers). This section begins by examining the traditional status accorded qualitative data before moving to consider how narrative analysis challenges this. Less is more is a useful mantra. Finally, in a poster presentation, you visually present your work. ‘um’, ‘er’, repetition), how much to ‘tidy up’ quotes, and the implications of any ‘tidy up’. A stem and leaf plot breaks each value of a quantitative data set into two pieces: a stem, typically for the highest place value, and a leaf for the other place values. Edit the data and use correct chart types and colours. Pharmacy conferences: to attend or not attend? Do I understand it? A number of people commented that they liked how I displayed my qualitative data, so I decided to showcase it here for others to use as inspiration. This data comes from interviews, direct observations, or open-ended survey responses. For example, using one colour and tints of that colour sequentially, accenting the highest value as a dark shade and the lowest value as a light shade (or vice versa), can portray a range of data effectively. It does not proceed in a linear fashion; it is not neat. “Prepare a brief oral synopsis of the purpose, findings, and implications of your work to say to interested parties as they pause to read your poster,” writes Jane E. Miller in Preparing and Presenting Effective Research Posters. Both must initially attract attention but then also ensure that they have a narrative and show the results and conclusions, while keeping the reader interested. Guide the reader through the story in a linear, narrative fashion — slide by slide or graphic by graphic, with explanatory headers in a logical way on a poster. Notice how color is used to help differentiate and emphasize the findings of the research. If you know and understand the story you are trying to tell, you have a great starting point and will find it easier to design the final poster or presentation. Data visualization novices love to love word clouds, while data visualization experts love to hate word clouds. In reports, quotes are usually shown something like this: Usually, there are […] Since then, data visualisation has become an important aspect of research and academia. Numbers (descriptive statistics) help your reader understand how prevalent or typical a finding is. Writing a good read: Strategies for re-presenting qualitative data. The trick is making your poster stand out among the hundreds of others. Clean data are easier to organise and display. There are many ways of displaying the same data, some better than others, so it is important to consider what the chart is trying to show and which format works best for that. Subscribe to our free alerts. A number of people commented that they liked how I displayed my qualitative data, so I decided to showcase it here for others to use as inspiration. Guide the reader through the story in a linear, narrative fashion — slide by slide or graphic by graphic, with explanatory headers in a logical way on a poster. Data in graphs are easier to comprehend & retain than raw data or a chart of only numbers. The challenge of converting mounds of data and analysis can be quite overwhelming even for the experienced researcher. Guidance for students or researchers undertaking a multi-centre research project in health services, medicines use and professional practice. Some other aspects to consider about quantitative data: Focuses on numbers; Can be displayed through graphs, charts, tables, and maps Clarke's Analysis of Drugs and Poisons is the definitive reference source of analytical data for drugs and poisons. The findings include the types of displays used in these qualitative journals, the frequency of use, and the purposes for using visual displays as opposed to presenting data in text. Make sure your story is prominent and easily accessible. Sandelowski, Margarete (1998). If your learning was planned in advance, please click: If your learning was spontaneous, please click: [1] Playfair W, Wainer H (ed.) A table is structured for organizing and displaying information, with data arranged in columns and rows. One format for qualitative data is to come up with a certain number of summary and/or interpretive statements, followed by brief quotations or behavioral descriptions that support and illustrate the points you are making. How to present research findings and other data using a poster or interactive presentation. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Cookies are small text files stored on the device you are using to access this website. 23 Another time, promise, we’ll get into word clouds and what Stuart Henderson thinks of them. Probably the most famous example of this is Anscombe’s quartet[3]. How to Present at a Conference. … Does it make sense to them? Download the template here. She uses a number of examples to clearly demonstrate how each method should be used and why it is so effective. Reading this article counts towards your CPD. Thematic analysis is done using a six-phase coding to … by Adam Noar. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. •When presenting quantitative data/results: Graphs help to graphically visualize data better than charts or words. Divergent colours help to show a trend and clearly demonstrate differences between sections. Your CPD module results are stored against your account here at The Pharmaceutical Journal. Healthcare Communication is an interactive and engaging guide for healthcare professionals. Sometimes it is best to remove the grid lines to ensure your table is easy to read and effective at communicating your message. For example, line graphs that include every line and data point could be redesigned by using an aggregated line or by highlighting the most important lines as focal points, then greying out the remaining lines. What I wanted to share with you today was some of the… Quantitative data is information about quantities; that is, information that can be measured and written down with numbers. Sequential colours demonstrate a pattern better, but comparisons can be difficult when similar colours are far away from one another. Regardless of who the audience is, the visuals need to describe and explain what is going on without requiring large amounts of explanatory text. Trends are easier to visualize in graph form. Additionally, her treatment of data analysis in chapter 8 provides a step-by-step guide for coding qualitative data—one of the approaches you might use to make sense of what your interview data means. Created primarily with first-time poster presenters in mind. This data comes from interviews, direct observations, or open-ended survey responses. Coding gives data structure. This is an attempt to organize different ways to show qualitative data. The findings from this methodological study on qualitative interviews with children indicate that children are able to articulate their experiences in interviews. The Qualitative Report, Volume 2, Number 3, December, 1995 After all the data have been collected and the analysis has been completed, the next major task for qualitative researchers is to re-present the study in the form of a paper or a lecture. Just as you wouldn’t read a paper verbatim in a formal presentation, avoid at all costs printing and pasting your paper onto a poster board. DOI: 10.1211/PJ.2016.20201584. Stem and Leaf Plot . In second paragraph, begin presentation of data analysis that more specifically addresses your hypothesis. Before you think about designing your poster or presentation, you will need to know who you are intending to show it to. Rather, there are a variety of approaches to analysis and interpretation. Sep 4, 2019 - Explore Doi Pathompong's board "Scientific Poster Design", followed by 110 people on Pinterest. Many students have no idea what qualitative research and it differs from quantitative. Do I want to understand it? I presented some of the qualitative data from an exploratory study that I did on people’s experiences with non-consensual use of sexual images and presented on the themes I found. Patient Education and Counseling, 53, 57-64. In May 2017, I was privileged to present at the International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry on 'Popular Techniques for Visualizing Qualitative Data'. Dramatizing data: A primer. QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS "Data analysis is the process of bringing order, structure and meaning to the mass of collected data. It was an exhausting, fun few days and I learned a lot. Instead, think about how to tell the “story” of your work in graphs, charts, tables, and other images. Good for traditional qualitative posters. Trends are easier to visualize in graph form. However, for those new to this approach, one of the most bewil-dering aspects of qualitative research is, perhaps, how to analyse and present the data once it has been collected. For more information please take a look at our terms and conditions. 6 ideas for displaying qualitative data This blog post from Ann K Emery looks at six different ways to display data to facilitate ease of reading and comprehension. What I did for this poster was use speech bubbles (I was playing around in ppt) and match the background colour to the colour of the corresponding text boxes. • Qualitative software programs can help to organize, sort and sift the data according to the chosen method. Patient Education and Counseling, 53, 57-64. To help get you on the right path, we are going to cover 5 smart tips on how to present data effectively in your next PowerPoint presentation. The truth is, this was hard. Constructed in 1973 by Francis Anscombe, it demonstrates the importance of graphing data before analysing it, as well as the effect of outliers on statistical properties. quantitative than in qualitative studies. case study will present an additional section for the subject of their case study. The natural breaks can become the working titles for each image — this can be an effective way of planning a visual story. Over the next few days I'll have a few posts reflecting on some of the programs that I attended. Adding colour and editing the diagram in a simple way makes the position of the number 3s much clearer. Use visuals such as charts, diagrams, and images whenever possible to make hard data more comprehensible. Specialising in science, business and editorial information graphics and visualisations. This is an attempt to organize different ways to show qualitative data. (Photo by Rachel Lynette French). However, the audience should not have to read through lines of subtext under the chart to be able to understand it in the first place. I am going to share with you the two best drafts we came up with. This is a thorough discussion of the subject and not and exposition of the data you will discuss in the findings chapter. • Whether simple or complex, there are certain general principles which should be borne in mind in designing tables: – The tables should be numbered e.g. www.nigelhawtin.com. Numbers are helpful and should not be avoided simply because this is a qualitative … This is still used today to illustrate the importance of looking at a set of data graphically before analysis. It does not proceed in a linear fashion; it is not neat. Special report: Getting a good pre-registration placement, Special report: Treating common minor ailments in the pharmacy, ONtrack - Pharmacy revision for preregistration trainees, Pharmacy Knowledge – Digital learning for students, Pharmacy reference and learning resources, Scottish National Pharmacy Board meetings, , October 2016, Vol 297, No 7894, online |, Misuse of prescription and over-the-counter drugs to obtain illicit highs: how pharmacists can prevent abuse, Pharmacist contributions to consultant-led post-take ward rounds: a service evaluation, Community pharmacist-led influenza vaccination: a service evaluation, Evaluation of a pharmacist-led virtual thiopurine clinic, Evaluating pharmacist interventions using the Simpler tool in Malaysian patients with type 2 diabetes, Interchangeability of biosimilars: a global perspective for pharmacists, Welcome to Oceania: what to consider if you want to work in New Zealand, 'Patients want a fresh start without the stigma' – a day in the life of an HIV and gastroenterology pharmacist, 'It motivates me to know we can make a difference to patients’ lives' – a day in the life of a medical affairs head, ‘We ensure that the website and mobile applications are safe for users’ — a day in the life of a clinical risk manager, Five ways pharmacists can prepare for an online job interview, 'I have developed good working relationships with my patients beyond their diagnosis' – a day in the life of a renal pharmacist, Aston University first in UK to subscribe to Pharmacy Knowledge, Commonwealth Pharmacists Association launches learning platform, A third of pharmacists report COVID-19 significantly impacted their mental health and wellbeing, Sunayana Shah appointed as chair of RPS’s Industrial Pharmacy Advisory Group, Scottish Pharmacy Board meeting: 8 October 2020, Research Methods for Pharmaceutical Practice and Policy, Everything you should know about the coronavirus outbreak, Everything you need to know about the COVID-19 therapy trials, One in ten hospital trusts have been asked to approve unlicensed cannabis-based medicinal prescriptions, Government impact assessment of pharmacy contract warned it could cause closures, Pharmacies will ‘struggle’ to serve patients if NHS Test and Trace fails to look at individual cases, warns negotiator. Over the next few days I’ll have a few posts reflecting on some of the programs that I attended. •Minor gridlines are unnecessary •Font too small •Colors are illogical One format for qualitative data is to come up with a certain number of summary and/or interpretive statements, followed by brief quotations or behavioral descriptions that support and illustrate the points you are making. data/results: Graphs help to graphically visualize data better than charts or words. These reflect the particular theoretical perspectives or field within which the researcher is working. Comments on figures and tables (data commentary) usually have the following elements: With this in mind, the fundamentals of producing a poster or a presentation do not differ from one another in basic principles. It is sensible to start by using only one colour and tints to see if it will work. Quantitative data. Here’s a list of the six best ways to present your research data. To start your RPS Faculty journey today, access the portfolio and tools at www.rpharms.com/Faculty. One of the primary tools of ethnographic study is the use of field notes. It then explores what is meant by narrative analysis and discusses some of the reasons why social researchers might choose this method to collect and analyse qualitative data. Qualitative data includes any information that can be captured, that is not numerical in nature. There may be hundreds or even thousands of data but it may not be necessary to show them all. & Spence I (ed.). It is also important to consider the type of graphic used — for example, is a bar chart, line graph, histogram or scatterplot sufficient, or is a more complex graphical representation required? Download the template here. You will be re-directed back to this page where you will have the ability to comment. A qualitative study of information needs. Think about your key points – what do you want people to know? Nigel Hawtin is an information designer and visual communicator based in London, with over 30 years experience. It is a messy, ambiguous, time-consuming, creative, and fascinating process. An Exploration of the Changes to the Police Investigation of Homicide in England and Wales from the 1980s to the Present: A Qualitative Research Study; An Introduction to Qualitative Marketing Research; Doing Market Research in a Firm: Research Narrative; Doing Market Research on Brand Identity: Gay Men's Chorus of Washington, DC & Joy Riot Qualitative Inquiry, 9 (2), 218-236. You can use the following forms to record your learning and action points from this article from Pharmaceutical Journal Publications. The poster therefore needs to outline clearly what it is about using explanatory headlines and arresting and informative visuals. This is dependent on the data and the format of the image used — it is important not to cherry pick the data or mislead the audience. Information is displayed as text, using words and numbers, and grid lines may be present or not. Research in … Using rainbow colours makes the differences between the sections obvious but can make it more difficult to see a trend. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Additionally, a more general audience may be familiar with reading simple charts whereas experts might be used to more complex types of visualisations. Thematic analysis is a preliminary step used in qualitative research for not only examining and identifying themes within data, but also for analysing and recording those themes or patterns. It provides a way to list all data values in a compact form. Want to keep up with the latest news, comment and CPD articles in pharmacy and science? Try showing the design or slides to someone who has not seen it before or does not know the subject matter. The truth is, this was hard. It may be helpful to try to write one long sentence describing the gist of the story as a guide. Bar graphs can be useful for comparing values, slope graphs are better for analysing trends, and column or line graphs can be used for either. When it comes to qualitative data, we have far fewer dataviz tools at our disposal. My contribution to the ‘make research posters less ugly’ movement. That’s why it’s your job to make the data not boring! A qualitative study of information needs. Provide a logical flow from quantitative to qualitative data so your audience can see how the numbers and interpretations are connected. William Playfair’s first attempts at bringing line, bar and pie charts to mass audiences in the ‘Commercial and Political Atlas’ were published in 1786[1]. Make the design flow easily, ensuring you know where to look first and where to follow next. What I wanted to share with you today was some of the feedback that I had about my poster.