Reference: 1. It is a high energy molecule which has the chemical formula of C10H16N5O13P3. Gravity. It is generated as a result of de-phosphorylation of ATP molecule by enzymes known as ATPases. How do these prefixes tell you the difference between adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and adenosine diphosphate (ADP)? Frontiers in bioscience: a journal and virtual library. ATP and ADP are have similar structures the only difference is ATP has 3 phosphates and ADP has only 2 phosphates. To biologists this is the energy currency of life. 22 Feb. 2017, Image Courtesy: ATP: ATP consists of adenosine (an adenine ring and a ribose sugar) and three phosphate groups (triphosphate). -ADP contains only two phosphates (adenosine diphosphate), whereas ATP contains three. Difference Between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration, Difference Between Breathing and Respiration, Difference Between Endocytosis and Exocytosis, Difference Between Isotonic and Hypertonic, Difference Between Coronavirus and Cold Symptoms, Difference Between Coronavirus and Influenza, Difference Between Coronavirus and Covid 19, Difference Between Google TV and Apple TV, Difference Between Almond Paste and Marzipan, Difference Between Will and Shall in Contracts, Difference Between Tonofibrils and Tonofilaments, Difference Between Isoelectronic and Isosteres, Difference Between Interstitial and Appositional Growth, Difference Between Methylacetylene and Acetylene, Difference Between Nicotinamide and Nicotinamide Riboside. STUDY. ADP is a somewhat similar molecule composed of the same adenine and ribose sugar with only two phosphate molecules. The key difference between ATP and NADPH is that the ATP is the energy currency of many of the living organisms while the NADPH is the typical coenzyme used for the reduction reactions of anabolic processes seen in plants.. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) are phosphorylated compounds present in organisms. Write. Based on the molecular structure of ATP and ADP, they have their own of ADP. Both NADPH and ATP are phosphorylated compounds, both are very important catabolic as well as anabolic processes. The first phosphate group hydrolyzed upon an energy requirement is the Gamma phosphate group which has a high energy bond and is typically located farthest from the ribose sugar. “Adenosindiphosphat protoniert” By NEUROtiker – Own work (Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia Both contain adenine. 1.”The role of ADP receptors in platelet function”. The main difference between ADP and ATP is that ADP molecule consists of two molecules of the phosphate group from ATP, and the third molecule is a breakdown which results in the release of the high amount of energy, whereas ATP consists of three molecules of phosphate and the third phosphate is bonded to other phosphate groups having a high energy bond. The equation for the reaction is ATP --> ADP + P, where P is the third phosphate group. Differences. Both ATP and ADP are composed of a ribose sugar, adenosine, and phosphate groups. a third phosphate group. -There is no difference between the molecules. The clue is in the names! ADP is less prominent than ATP since it is constantly recycled into ATP in the mitochondria. 2. Home » Science » Chemistry » Difference Between ADP and ATP. Similarities. 22 Feb. 2017. ADP is adenosine diphosphate ATP is adenosine triphosphate DNA is made up of 4 basic nucleic acids: A, T, G, and C A stands for adenine T for thymine G for guanine C for cytosine When a phosphate group is attached to these molecules it is called a nucleotide and the molecule devoid phosphate is called nucleoside. ATP has many other uses. When one of these phosphates is removed, the energy that keeps human beings alive is produced. ADP is a somewhat similar molecule composed of the same adenine and ribose sugar with only two phosphate molecules. Energy is released by hydrolysis of the third phosphate group. The Difference between ATP and ADP is that ADP contains two molecules of phosphate while ATP contains three molecules of phosphate. The key difference between ADP and ATP is that ADP has two phosphates while ATP has a total of three phosphates. Dr.Samanthi Udayangani holds a B.Sc. It is made up of an adenosine molecule and three inorganic phosphates, or a triphosphate. ADP molecule, binding with another phosphate group, forms the ATP which is the most commonly found high energy molecule in the cells. ADP is only made in plants, while ATP is made in both plants and animals. The molecule is high in energy and it allows the cells to do everything they do.