Mars: Oodles of interesting facts, figures and fun questions about the Red Planet. The presence of a thin atmosphere in Mars doesn’t allow water to exist in a liquid state but water is … Mars is a very cold planet. Have you ever been to Mars and wondered why it is such a difficult question to answer? Mars used to have a thicker atmosphere. 56. Density: If we compare the density of Mars with that of the Earthâs, we would find that it is 100 times less dense than Earth. Mars was visible in the night sky long before telescopes were invented. Mars and Earth have approximately the same landmass. Olympus Mons is part of a complex of volcanoes that lie along a volcanic plateau called the Tharsis Bulge. The fourth planet from the Sun was first observed through a telescope by Galileo in 1610 (1). Did you know that a Martian day lasts only up to 40 minutes more than a normal Earth day. Speaking volume wise, about 6 Mars planets would be able to sum up the same volume as that of the Earth! The mission was launched on November 5th, 2013. Share It..... 16,490 total views, 2 views today. Mars is at a distance of more than 142 million miles from the Sun. 2) Mars is also known as the ‘Red Planet’ because, well, it’s red! 26. During the weather winter months, the vehicles have the ability to find the sunny position. 28. We know that the size of Mars is nearly half the size of the earth. Mars is also referred to as the âRed Planetâ because it has high content of iron oxide which makes it appear reddish. Evidence of Water. They are named: Phobos and Deimos. 14. It’s Northern cap is called – Planum Boreum, and Southern cap is called – Planum Australe. It took the spacecraft a whopping 228 days to reach the planet. Mars has 37.5% of the gravity that Earth has. All these correspond to a gravity acceleration 3.72m/s 2 (9.81 ~ m/s 2 on Earth). 13. Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and is the second smallest planet in the solar system. It’s iron oxide that makes Mars red, and this tells us that Mars is similar to Earth, where iron also rusts when it’s left exposed to … Solar Conjunction is the term used to describe the coming of Sun between the Earth and Mars. Mars is at a distance of 206,655,215 kilometers or 1.381 AU when it is closest to the Sun. Due to the presence of red dust on the planet, which is mainly its iron content; mars sometime sees dust storms when the wind blows. 30. Mars is the second smallest planet in the solar system with an equatorial and polar diameter of 6,700 kilometres. When it arrives on Planet Mars, it has the ability to propel itself. Mars has sufficient ice on its polar regions, which can be seen clearly in the image below. The main idea of our solar system was proposed by Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543) and he also proposed that the Sun is at the center of the universe while the planets revolved around it in circular orbits. Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun. These moons are thought to be captured asteroids and are among the smallest natural satellites in the solar system. Also, learn the fact that the 2003 Opposition was the closest approach in almost 60,000 years! Did you know that the ancient Babylonians first created the week and divided it into seven days? MARS; Average Distance from Sun: 93 million miles: 142 million miles: Average Speed in Orbiting Sun: 18.5 miles per second: 14.5 miles per second: Diameter: 7,926 miles: 4,220 miles: Tilt of Axis: 23.5 degrees: 25 degrees: Length of Year: 365.25 Days: 687 Earth Days: Length of Day: 23 hours 56 minutes: 24 hours 37 minutes: Gravity: 2.66 times that of Mars: 0.375 that of Earth: Temperature On Earth, it would span the entire North American continent and beyond. This magnificent planet has been major candidate for the science fiction movies for many decades. Mars’ magnetic field turned off four billion years ago. The planet is 227,939,200 km away from the Sun, and one year on Mars is equal to 687 days. In simple terms, 1 AU is the average distance between the Sun and Earth.). If the ice on its south pole melts, the resulting water will be sufficient to cover the planetâs entire surface to a depth of 11 meters. The name of the month of March also derives from Mars. Below are some interesting facts about Mars; 1. They named each day of the week upon the seven known bodies in the sky: the Sun, the Moon, Mars, Mercury, Venus, Jupiter, and Saturn. This entire region lies over a hotspot, a place in the planetâs crust that allows magma from deep inside to flow out to the surface. We set out to answer some of those questions and dug up some absolutely crazy facts about Curiosity and its mission to Mars. 55 interesting facts about Mars. Mars has a volume of 1.6318 x 10¹¹ km³ (163 billion cubic kilometers) which is the equivalent of 0.151 Earths. Second Smallest Planet of the Solar System Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun. Mars has huge volcanoes and craters. Currently, two rovers from NASA named, Opportunity and Curiosity, are exploring the surface of Mars. Facts About Mars 1. And it is the fourth planet from the sun (Order of the planets from the Sun: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto (the dwarf planet)). Explorations of the planet are ongoing to find out whether it can support human life as the Earth does. In 2004, NASAâs rovers found the evidence of water on the planet. 1 It's on Mars. (An AU is an astronomical unit. 9. Even though Mars has only 15% of the Earth’s volume and just over 10% of the Earth’s mass, around two thirds of the Earth’s surface is covered in water. Amazing Facts about Mars 1. 15. Mars is the second closest planet to Earth after Venus. Even now Mars has been known to have water in the form of ice 2. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun in our solar system and second smallest planet after Mercury. For water to flow in the past, the Red Planet needs more atmosphere. We’ve visited the Moon, and the next destination is the red planet. Mars gets its name from the Roman god of war of the same name. 12. Facts about Mars. Martian surface gravity is only 37% of the Earth’s (meaning you could leap nearly three times higher on Mars). An atmosphere of mass is very similar to Venus and also one of the least hospitable in our solar system. 17. Mars is being explored for over four decades now because it is considered as a favorable place for human existence. Global Dust Storms. ), 32. âAphelionâ is the term for the point in the orbit of a planet, asteroid or comet at which it is furthest from the Sun. 2012: NASA’s Mars rover Curiosity finds conditions in Gale Crater that indicate they may have once been suitable for microbial life in the past. Specifically, Mars has about 95% carbon dioxide, 3% nitrogen, 1.6% argon and a few other elements in its atmosphere. There are a number of advantages of using Mars Rover. When this happens, the communication between spacecraft on Mars, and the Earth drastically reduces. Interesting Facts About Mars March 16, 2009 - by InterestingFacts.org - 20 Comments. Mars is at a distance of more than 142 million miles from the Sun. Also read: facts about Jupiter. Mars has areas ranging from volcanoes to valleys and deserts to polar ice caps. 18. Mars is a very cold planet. Wondering how fast winds in these storms move? 25. Mars gets its red colour from the iron oxide dust on its surface. In Mars opposition, Mars and the Sun are on directly opposite sides of the Earth. Many Hollywood films have been produced with Mars as their subject including Flight to Mars â 1951, The Angry Red Planet â 1959 and the famous John Carter â 2012. It is approximately 227,900,000 kilometres from the star. (An AU is an astronomical unit. Mars’s mass is 6.42 x 10 23 kilograms, about 10 times less than Earth. The temperature is very cold, but it might have been warmer a few million years ago.. Fun Facts All about Mars for Kids. 21. The surface gravity on Mars is only about 38% of the surface gravity on Earth, so if you weigh 100 pounds on Earth, you would weigh only 38 pounds on Mars. It is not certain as of now if the planetâs core is solid, liquid or is built of two different layers. The polar region of Mars has a much lower temperature than Earth. Mars is famous for its very thin atmosphere with 95% carbon dioxide, 1.6% argon, 0.15% oxygen. Did you know that Mars is home to the largest volcano and the largest canyon in the Solar System? Mars Possesses Varied Names As Accorded To It By Different Cultures. Polar Diameter of Mars: 6,752 km Equatorial Diameter of Mars : 6,792 km Mass of Mars : 6.42 x 10^23 kg (10.7% Earth) 21 Interesting facts about Mars And as per calculations, this record will be broken in the year 2287. Due to less mass, Mars’s gravity is also less than the gravity of the earth. 9. Galileo Galilei was the first person observed the mars through a telescope back in the year 1609. Mars takes twice the time Earth takes to complete a full revolution around the sun. Mars has a radius of 3.389 km or 2.105 mi being twice as small as Earth. Since this means that a 100-pound person on Earth would weigh only 38 pounds on Mars and will jump 3 … Moreover, due to less atmospheric pressure on Mars than Earth, things get blown but the intensity is not that much as on earth with the same wind speed. It is a shield volcano built by the continuous action of flowing lava over millions and millions of years that began some 3 billion years ago. The maximum pressure of Mar’s core is expected to be 400,000 times the pressure of Earthâs atmosphere at sea level. On the other hand, Venus has the most circular orbit of any planet in the solar system. 25. Let us uncover some important facts and information about planet Mars where human life can be expected to dwell in the coming years. Presence of water on Mars could be a potential signal of survival of living things in the past or in the present on the planet. 7. The apparent size and brightness of the planet varies depending on the proximity of the planet to the Earth. Interesting Facts about Mars. 33. 22. Mars facts interesting facts about mars Profile Of mars Planet . 10 Interesting Facts about Mars. It is 4,200 kilometres long and, in places, is 7 kilometres deep. interesting facts about mars planet atmosphere 2.Largest dust storm Mars has only two moons as compared to Uranusâ twenty-seven. 20. And the signs of water on the planet has supported the belief that human life can exist on this red planet. 29. These moons are small and are irregularly shaped. And when we say largest, you need to note that they are a lot larger than their largest counterparts on the Earth. The tallest mountain in the Solar System â Olympus Mons – is on Mars. The orbit of Mars and Earth are also not in the same plane. The names given to Mars revolved around its physical appearance. Mars looks like a slice of the Sun, but there is water on Mars, it has been there for billions of years, and even our very existence is based on it. Mars is a terrestrial planet with a thin atmosphere composed primarily of carbon dioxide. Mars has a system of air, water, ice, and geology; in other terms, it has an atmosphere, a hydrosphere, a cryosphere and a lithosphere. There is lot to know about The Red Planet but in … The rock pieces orbited the solar system for millions of years and finally crash landed on the Earth. 10. Interesting facts about Mars have fascinated astronomers ever since they began to peer more closely at the red planet. Mars has the largest dust storms in the Solar System, reaching speeds of over 100 miles per hour (160 kilometers per hour). Even so, SpaceX plans to send the first human to Mars by 2025, which is only five years from now! By doing so, India became the first country in the world to set a spacecraft into Mars’ orbit in its first attempt. 19. Mars is one of the many planets that have our scientists intrigued and excited about the possibility of life beyond the Earth. MARS,what would happen when we heard this word:of course the thought of red and glorious planet in our solar system come to our mind. You can fit more than six of the red planet in the Earth. Facts About Mars -The sunsets on the mars look like the blue in color. 31. âPerihelionâ is the term for the point in the orbit of a planet, asteroid or comet at which it is closest to the Sun. The minimum distance between Mars and Earth keeps on changing because they do not have perfectly circular orbits. Mars has around 1% of atmospheric pressure that normally found at sea level on Earth. All Rights Reserved. Position and Size in Solar System. Mars is sometimes known as The Red Planet because of presence of rust in the martian soil. 26. 27. © 2020 TheFactFile.Org. To the ancient romans the planet Mars was symbolic of blood and war but too many people today this planet is future for humanity.Maybe it is next milestone for humanity not only live on mars but also explore the technological advancement to explore the universe. Mars has low atmospheric pressure on its surface which is the reason why liquid water cannot exist on its surface for long. 16. Our Solar system is vast and consists of many planets, moons, comets, asteroids, minor planets; and dust and gas. Mars, in addition to Earth, is the only other planet that has polar ice caps. Did you know that the giant Jupiter has the ability to influence the orbit of Mars? The diameter of Mars is 6.779 km or 4.212 mi, slightly more than half the size of Earth. Overall, as of now, Mars would be a totally inconvenient place to live. Facts About Mars. 2. 1. Instead, they have elliptical orbits. Interestingly, these dust storms are sometimes visible by telescopes from the Earth. Mars is 141,633,260 miles from the Sun. Mars is the nearest planet to the Earth after Venus. 2. Interesting Mars Fact List: Mars is home to Olympus Mons, which is the largest volcano in our solar system, standing 21km high and 600km wide across the base. (Launch dates: August 20, 1975 (Viking 1); September 9, 1975 (Viking 2)). Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. 11. âOppositionâ is a situation when a planet and the Sun are on directly opposite sides of earth. Save 52% when you subscribe to BBC Science Focus Magazine. These dust storms can be humongous and can cover the planet’s entire surface. Who knows, perhaps the first human Martians will be born there in this century? 23. 8. In simple terms, 1 AU is the average distance between the Sun and Earth. Indeed, even normal residue storms on Mars are extraordinary, going on for quite a long time at any given moment and covering mainland measured regions. Interesting Facts About Mars; Planet Mars has all four seasons like that of Earth as its axis tilted faraway from the Sun. By knowledgemasti in Our Planet, Science & Technology on June 4, 2020. It is more than 21 km high (about three times taller than the Mt. 1) Named after the Roman God of war, Mars is the fourth planet from the sun in our solar system. Mars can be spotted with the naked eye during the night time from the surface of earth, thanks to its reddish appearance. Mars has the largest volcano in the solar system â Olympus Mons. “Olympus Mons — the tallest mountain in the solar system — is on Mars.”. The composition of the core of Mars is not yet known to scientists and the exploration work is going on. Mars is at a distance of 249,232,432 kilometers or 1.666 AU when it is furthest from the Sun. Hence, Tuesday is the day of Mars. Due to the reddish appearance of the mars, you can able to see the planet with the naked eye. It is located between Earth and the Asteroid Belt. The first interaction with Mars: Mariner 4, in 1965 was the first aircraft that flew by Mars. That set the stage for the formation of the Valles Marineris. There is a tilt of a few degrees between the orbits of the two neighboring planets. Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) also set their orbiter for Mars safely on 24th September 2014. Here are 7 interesting facts about Mars Mars, also known as the Red Planet, is an Earth-like planet. They were discovered in 1877 by astronomer Asaph Hall, who named them for the Latin terms âfearâ and âpanicâ. Facts about Mars include this particularly interesting one. Mars is cold, dusty, and possesses a thin atmosphere. One of the interesting facts is that month March is derived from the planet Mars. On 13 February 2019, NASA officially lost contact with its Mars rover “Opportunity”. Mars has a radius of 3390 km, it has a mass of 6.42×10 24 kg (10.7% of Earth’s mass), and a mean density of 3.94 g/cm3. However, the mission failed. January 11, 2020 January 11, 2020 - by InterestingFacts.org - Leave a Comment. Temperature of mars Surface: -153 to 20 C. Orbit Distance of Mars : 227,943,834 km ( 1.52 AU) Orbite Period of Mars: 687 days (1.9 years) Moons Of Mars : 2 (Deimos & Phobos). “Mars takes 687 Earth days to complete one revolution around the Sun.”. This signature colour comes from the large amount of a chemical called iron oxide (or ‘rust’ as you might know it) in its rocks and soil. 1960 â the first spacecraft on mission to Mars was launched. Note that 60 miles per hour is the top speed of the winds blowing in some of the strongest Martian storms. The average temperature on Mars stays around minus 80 degrees Fahrenheit – that’s below freezing point. ; A year lasts 687 days, almost twice as long as a year on Earth. Everest) and more than 600 km in diameter. The gravity of Mars is 3.711 m/s², but the earth is 9.807 m/s². Join us on a journey to the fourth planet from the Sun with amazing facts, incredible images and vital information about Mars. It measures some 600 kilometres across and rises nearly 27 kilometres above the surrounding terrain. Mars is the second smallest planet in the solar system after mercury. 5. Because of the red color of the planet, Mars is also associated with aggression. Interesting Facts About Mars. Mars is a new frontier for humanity. Mars has has a very primitive form of plate tectonics, and the action of two plates past each other began splitting the surface some 3.5 billion years ago. Viking 1 and Viking 2 are the two spacecraft that were sent by NASA in 1975 on Mars with the objective to study its surface and to gather important information about its composition and structure. But the planet has been documented for over 4,000 years, which makes crediting its discovery to one person difficult. The evidence of water in Mars means that the planet has the possibility of sustaining, not only, chemical reactions but even life too. Sources: https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/mars/overview/ , https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/factsheet/marsfact.html, https://astrogeology.usgs.gov/maps/mars-viking-hemisphere-point-perspectives First Published: June 2012Last Updated: May 2020Author: Chris Jones, https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/mars/overview/, https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/factsheet/marsfact.html, https://astrogeology.usgs.gov/maps/mars-viking-hemisphere-point-perspectives, The Ultimate List of TV Shows set in Space or on Other Planets, The Planets and Moons of Star Wars to Scale. In The Early Space Age, We Thought Mars Was Like The Moon: It’s about half the size of Earth with a diameter of 6,791 kilometers. If a body weighs on the earth is 100 kg, then its weigh on Mars will be only 38 kg. 4. The average temperature on Mars stays around minus 80 degrees Fahrenheit â thatâs below freezing point. Named after the Roman god of war, Mars is also often described as the “Red Planet” due to its reddish appearance. 24. Mars has two small moons, Phobos and Deimos. The matter of time. Modern technologies make the exploration of Mars possible. It has the essential systems that characterize our Earth. 3) Mars is the second smallest planet in the solar system after Mercury. Facts about Mars. Due to its immense mass, Jupiter brings some change in Mars’ orbit. The surface of Mars is covered with rock and red dust made from iron. Read on to discover the most interesting facts about Mars, including current plans to transform this inimical planet into the next Earth. Facts about Mars for Kids: There have been 40 missions to Mars, but only 18 of the missions were successful. 4. Scientists have had the chance to study the pieces of rocks from Mars that landed on Earth. Facts about Mars Rover impress us with the details about automated motor vehicles. The Valles Marineris is an extensive canyon system on the Mars equator. See the full list here. The first photograph of Mars taken from its surface was taken by Viking 1 on July 20 1976. 6. 8.