The Pearl Harbor attack plan was the brainchild of Japanese Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto. Later, he also wrote an autobiography detailing his war experiences. Con la dissoluzione delle forze armate imperiali non ebbe però termine la carriera militare di Minoru Genda, che, al contrario, rientrò in servizio nel 1954 nelle appena costituite Forze Aeree di Auto-Difesa giapponesi; il suo prestigio ancora intatto e le sue capacità gli permisero una nuova folgorante carriera fino al rango di generale e di Capo di Stato Maggiore del nuovo servizio aeronautico militare nipponico. Genda graduated from the Imperial Japanese Naval Academyin 1924 and then took flight training for 11 months in 1928–1929, graduating with honors to become a fighter pilot. Most naval strategists and tacticians of the time conceived of single carriers launching raids on enemy targets, or sailing with a fleet to provide air cover against enemy bombers. I won’t claim that Minoru Genda was the sole reason that we never got the Reppu, but the fact that he was somehow connected to the Kawanishi leadership is indisputable.” As far as I know, Saburo Sakai expressed himself far more strongly towards Minoru Genda in a range of interviews. Inizialmente l'ammiraglio Yamamoto, principale fautore dell'attacco a sorpresa contro Pearl Harbor, ipotizzò perfino una missione quasi suicida di sola andata con ammaraggio finale degli aerei superstiti giapponesi, dopo l'effettuazione del bombardamento, allo scopo di salvaguardare le portaerei, tenendole ben lontano dal raggio d'azione delle forze aeree americane. He is best known for helping to plan the Pearl Harbor attack. 4,0 su 5 stelle Non è il libro che sembra. 3,8 su 5 stelle 43. In questo modo confuse ancor più il già indeciso ammiraglio e complicò enormemente le operazioni aeree sulle portaerei esponendole all'efficace attacco degli aerei americani che avrebbe causato l'affondamento di tutte e quattro le navi giapponesi. After retiring from the military in 1962, he ran for and was elected to the upper house of Japan's legislature, the House of Councillors, as a member of the Sato Faction within the Liberal Democratic Party. He died on August 15, 1989 in Tokyo, Japan. [1], Genda was assigned to the aircraft carrier Akagi in 1931. Acquisto verificato. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Nell'estate 1940 Minoru Genda, ora capitano di corvetta, ebbe anche la grande fortuna di essere inviato a Londra come addetto navale dell'ambasciata giapponese, nel pieno della Battaglia d'Inghilterra; ebbe quindi modo di valutare e osservare l'equipaggiamento, le tattiche e l'efficienza della RAF e della Luftwaffe. The Linked Data Service provides access to commonly found standards and vocabularies promulgated by the Library of Congress. Dopo il suo ritorno in patria, Genda venne quasi subito coinvolto nello studio e nella pianificazione dell'attacco contro la flotta americana in vista di una guerra contro gli Stati Uniti, ormai sempre più probabile. The main Japanese fleet suffered no ship losses and 29 aircraft lost (9 in the first wave and 20 in the second), losses that the Japanese considered acceptable. He provided great insights during the war planning. After organizing the acrobatic "Genda Circus" that toured Japan, he served as a staff officer in China, saw time as a flight instructor, and also had experience as an assistant naval attaché. He was well known in the navy, and in 1932 Genda formed a demonstration team at Yokosuka, leading a division of biplanes around the country, conducting aerobatic demonstrations. Jump to navigation Jump to search. He later organiozed and flew in a hard-fighting Japanese fighter unit. He gained combat experience with the Second Combined Air Group during the Second Sino-Japanese War from the autumn of 1937, was senior flight instructor for the Yokosuka Air Group in 1938.[3]. An air power advocate from the time he attended the Japanese Naval Academy, Genda urged Japan's pre-war military leaders to stop building battleships (which he believed would be better used as "piers" or scrap iron) and concentrate on aircraft carriers, submarines, and supporting fast cruisers and destroyers. His assessment of enemy aircraft was very accurate. Defeat in battle was caused by the fact that we were overwhelmed in the air war. Genda believed that even late in the war Japanese pilots were capable of fighting experienced American pilots on equal terms if properly trained and supplied with state-of-the-art aircraft. Minoru Genda (源田 実, Genda Minoru, 16 August 1904 – 15 August 1989) was a well-known Japanese military aviator and politician. Minoru Genda - Biography. Minoru Genda was born on August 16, 1904 in Hiroshima, Japan. He graduated from the Naval Academy in 1924 and became a fighter pilot. La missione fu un grande successo: la sorpresa fu completa, i danni inflitti pesanti, le perdite subite quasi trascurabili e tutta la flotta tornò in patria senza difficoltà e senza subire alcun attacco. Genda, in precarie condizioni fisiche e febbricitante, non manifestò la consueta lucidità e audacia; in particolare organizzò un sistema di ricognizione aerea troppo limitato, appoggiò le richieste del tenente di vascello Tomonaga di sferrare un secondo attacco sulle Isole e soprattutto consigliò a Nagumo di ritardare l'attacco alla portaerei americana individuata e di procedere con calma e metodo a riorganizzare le sue forze, riarmarle con siluri, fare appontare la prima ondata. Genda favored a three wave attack using six aircraft carriers for a successful air strike. [13] He is particularly well known for his fierce opposition, along with 12 other far-right LDP Diet members, to Japan's ratification of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty during the 1974–1976 session of the Diet, on the grounds that Japan might one day need to acquire its own nuclear arsenal. Bahasa Indonesia; català; Deutsch; English; español; français; magyar; Nederlands And it’s no wonder. Minoru Genda was the second son of a farmer from Kake, Hiroshima Prefecture, north of the actual city of Hiroshima. The carefully recorded details were secretly documented during his brief tour in London and were hand-carried by Genda during his return trip to Japan for naval department studies. Minoru Genda, nato in un'antica famiglia di possidenti terrieri, dopo aver frequentato le Scuole superiori nella città natale di Hiroshima, entrò nell'Accademia navale giapponese di Etajima con l'obiettivo di intraprendere la carriera nelle nuove forze aeree della Marina imperiale giapponese, uscendone, primo in graduatoria della sua classe, nel 1929. Genda and Yamamoto were very disappointed that the three U.S. carriers were not at Pearl Harbor (the first time on a Sunday in 1941 that they were not). Copertina flessibile. Puoi consultare le discussioni in corso, aprirne una nuova o segnalarne una avviata qui. Minoru Genda is a Japanese famous celebrity, who was born on 16 August, 1904 in Kake, Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan. He spent 30,000 flight hours during the war. Age 84 years (age at death) old. Genda documented his World War II experiences in a revealing autobiography, published in Japan. More Buying Choices $55.15 (5 Used & New offers) パールハーバー―運命の日 日米開戦の真実 (幻冬舎文庫) Paperback Bunko. Nel 1962 Genda si ritirò definitivamente dal servizio militare, ma intraprese una nuova brillante carriera politica all'interno del Partito Liberal-Democratico giapponese, patrocinando posizioni di estrema destra, a favore del riarmo giapponese e anche di un possibile programma nucleare. Genda graduated from the Imperial Japanese Naval Academyin 1924 and then took flight training for 11 months in 1928–1929, graduating with honors to become a fighter pilot. Minoru Genda è disponibile in altre 21 lingue. He was the first of several former SDF officers who entered politics under the auspices of the Sato Faction, mostly at the far right end of the Japanese political spectrum. The Pacific War continued on for three more years. He was a noted naval aviator and fighter pilot with over 3,000 flight hours. Accanto a Genda, massimi propugnatori di queste tesi apparentemente temerarie e rivoluzionarie, furono gli ammiragli Onishi, Inouye e Katagiri, il collega e amico Mitsuo Fuchida e naturalmente il futuro comandante in capo della Flotta combinata, ammiraglio Isoroku Yamamoto, che aveva cominciato a conoscere e apprezzare Genda fin dal 1933 mentre questi serviva a bordo della portaerei leggera Ryujo. Born in Nara Prefecture, Japan, Mitsuo Fuchida was a clever, outspoken, and personally fearless pilot during World War II. Questa pagina è stata modificata per l'ultima volta il 21 mag 2020 alle 16:30. $66.21. Nelle nuove Forze di Auto-Difesa giapponesi e in politica, https://it.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Minoru_Genda&oldid=113154164, Assi dell'aviazione giapponese della seconda guerra mondiale, Contestualizzare fonti - seconda guerra mondiale, Voci con campo Ref vuoto nel template Infobox militare, Voci biografiche con codici di controllo di autorità, licenza Creative Commons Attribuzione-Condividi allo stesso modo. Recensito in Italia il 28 aprile 2016. Il 343° Kokutai, basato a Matsuyama, sotto la guida dell'espertissimo Genda (che nell'arco della sua carriera aveva accumulato oltre 3000 ore di volo) disponeva degli ultimi caccia Kawanishi N1K (teoricamente in grado di contrastare i F6F Hellcat e i F4U Corsair) e tra i suoi componenti erano alcuni degli ultimi e più combattivi "assi" dell'aviazione navale giapponese, tra cui Shoichi Sugita, Naoshi Kanno, Kaneyoshi Muto. Két testvére elvégezte a Tokiói Egyetemet, harmadik testvére pedig a Chiba Medical College-t, negyedik testvére pedig a Hadsereg Akadémiáját. I have been trying without success to track the title of his autobiography on the Internet. In summer 1940 at the age of 36, Genda was chosen by the Japanese Naval Department to travel abroad as a military attaché to obtain first-hand military accounts of German air offensives and British defensive measures during the Battle of Britain. Dotato di notevole ingegno e di grande preparazione professionale, oltre che di grandi qualità di pilota, Genda fece subito parte di quel ristretto numero di ufficiali della Marina Imperiale che previdero il nuovo ruolo preponderante delle forze aeree anche nella condotta della guerra sul mare e che sollecitarono quindi il massimo potenziamento delle nuove navi portaerei, da considerare come le nuove navi principali della flotta da battaglia, al posto delle gloriose corazzate, e da impiegare in massa per concentrare fulmineamente un gran numero di aerei offensivi e sferrare attacchi distruttivi a grande distanza contro la flotta avversaria o le basi principali di un eventuale nemico (identificato dai pianificatori giapponesi, fin dagli anni venti, negli Stati Uniti d'America). Contributor: C. Peter Chen ww2dbase Minoru Genda was born in Hiroshima, Japan. Minoru Genda was the second son of a farmer from Hiroshima.Two brothers were graduates of Tokyo University, another brother graduated from Chiba Medical College, and his youngest brother entered the Army Academy.Graduating from the First Hiroshima Middle School, Genda entered the Imperial Japanese Naval Academy with the goal of becoming a fighter pilot and graduated in … Minoru Genda was the second son of a farmer from Kake, Hiroshima Prefecture, north of the city of Hiroshima. What I got is the same answer: "a revealing autobiography", that most sites copy each other. He was also was the 3rd Chief of Staff of the Japan Air Self-Defense Force. Two brothers were graduates of Tokyo University, another brother graduated from Chiba Medical College, and his youngest brother entered the Army Academy. [11] In the four months after the attack, the Imperial Japanese carrier units ranged across the Pacific and Indian oceans causing major damage to Allied forces and bases. This includes data values and the controlled vocabularies that house them. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Minoru_Genda&oldid=989314998, Military personnel from Hiroshima Prefecture, Japanese military personnel of World War II, Members of the House of Councillors (Japan), Recipients of the Order of the Sacred Treasure, 2nd class, Recipients of the Order of the Rising Sun, 2nd class, Liberal Democratic Party (Japan) politicians, Chiefs of Staff of the Japan Air Self-Defense Force, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Prange, Gordon William; Donald M. Goldstein, Katherine V. Dillon. Con la capitolazione del 2 settembre 1945, la carriera di Minoru Genda nella gloriosa Marina Imperiale ebbe termine; negli anni successivi egli avrebbe presentato la sua versione dei fatti e le proprie esperienze belliche in un'interessante autobiografia. He is best known for planning the Pearl Harbor attack. This is the talk page for discussing improvements to the Minoru Genda article. He also entered politics, and was elected to the House of Councillors. Above all, Genda thought that modern and large naval air fleet would be necessary for survival if Japan was ever to fight a war with the United States and the United Kingdom as well as their allies. During a speaking engagement in the U.S. in 1969, in response to a question from the audience, he said that he thought the Japanese would have used the atomic bomb if they had had it; in the resultant uproar in Japan he was forced to resign as chief of the defense policy board of the LDP. ; New to Wikipedia? Ideatore principale, insieme agli ammiragli Yamamoto e Onishi, dell'audace piano d'attacco su Pearl Harbor e delle tattiche di impiego degli aerosiluranti (in collaborazione con il suo collega e amico Mitsuo Fuchida); dopo questo clamoroso successo ottenne grande fama come principale collaboratore dell'ammiraglio Nagumo e partecipò anche alla sfortunata battaglia delle Midway. Yamamoto initially conceived of a one-way attack on Pearl Harbor from 500 to 600 miles (800 to 970 km) away. Egli è meglio conosciuto per aver contribuito a pianificare l' attacco di Pearl Harbor.E 'stato anche il terzo capo di stato maggiore della Air Self-Defense Force Giappone. La cruciale giornata del 4 giugno 1942 alle Midway, segnò invece le sorti delle portaerei giapponesi e dell'intera guerra del Pacifico. Later, the Doolittle Raid brought this phase of the Pacific War to an end, as Japan was bombed for first time. Egy farmer második fia volt. The Last Manchu: The Autobiography of Henry Pu Yi, Last Emperor of China Henry Pu Yi. Yamamoto ordered a number of officers to study Pearl Harbor and to draw up an operational plan. I have also typed his name on abebooks site but to no avail. Read more about this topic: Minoru Genda. Early life. Genda understood the potential of massed air raids launched from multiple aircraft carriers steaming together. In questo periodo venne in parte anche coinvolto nelle polemiche politiche legate all'acquisizione dei nuovi caccia americani Lockheed F-104 Starfighter. The surprise attack on Pearl Harbor resulted in the US declaring war on Japan, with 18 American warships sunk or damaged and over 180 American aircraft destroyed. Once this was done, the attack plan itself was written primarily by Rear Admiral Ryunosuke Kusaka with assistance from Captain Genda and Deputy Chief of Staff, Captain Kameto Kuroshima. Minoru Genda was the second son of a farmer from Kake, Hiroshima Prefecture, north of the actual city of Hiroshima. Early life . Scampato al disastro, Genda venne successivamente assegnato allo stato maggiore della marina a Tokyo come responsabile tecnico dell'aviazione navale; ma negli ultimi periodi della guerra ritornò di nuovo in operazione assumendo il comando del nuovo gruppo da caccia d'élite organizzato per cercare di contrastare la schiacciante superiorità aerea americana. After retiring from active service in the army, Genda joined politics. Discussione:Minoru Genda. Il piano di Genda in dieci punti venne approvato (non senza grossi contrasti e scontri tra le varie autorità dello stato maggiore della Marina; il 7 dicembre 1941, Minoru Genda, a bordo della Akagi, collaborò con l'ammiraglio Chūichi Nagumo durante la missione e coordinò l'impiego delle forze aeree delle portaerei. by Minoru Genda Tankobon Hardcover. "[7] Genda felt that the task was "difficult, but not impossible"[8] and began working on the details of the plan. He is known for his work on The World at War (1973) and The Road to War (1989). Yamamoto ordered a number of officers to study Pearl Harbor and to draw up an operational plan. Genda warmed to his ideas. Genda emphasized to Yamamoto that "secrecy is the keynote and surprise the all-important factor. He entered the Naval Academy in 1921 where he met and befriended classmate Minoru Genda and discovered the love of flying airplanes. After the war, he served as House of Councillors of Japan from 1962 to 1986. However, he ultimately believed that Japanese defeat could be attributed to the continuous aerial defeats they suffered: "[…] our battles were being lost because of defeats at sea. Genda was the strategist behind the successful December 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor. Genda graduated from the Imperial Japanese Naval Academy in 1924 and took flight training for 11 months in 1928–1929, graduating with honors to become a fighter pilot. Datasets available include LCSH, BIBFRAME, LC Name Authorities, LC Classification, MARC codes, PREMIS vocabularies, ISO language codes, and more. Dopo il clamoroso successo, Genda, promosso capitano di fregata, guadagnò grande fama e notevole prestigio negli ambienti della Marina e mantenne il ruolo di principale aiutante per le operazioni aeronavali dell'ammiraglio Nagumo, partecipando alle successive crociere vittoriose dell'apparentemente imbattibile Kido Butai (1ª Flotta aerea). We were losing the air war because we had failed to secure air superiority with our fighters. He is best known for helping to plan the Pearl Harbor attack.He was also the 3rd Chief of Staff of the Japan Air Self-Defense Force.. ... Minoru Genda. Negli stessi anni Genda, in collaborazione con Fuchida, studiò anche l'utilizzo e l'impiego operativo degli aerosiluranti che avrebbero poi svolto un ruolo decisivo nell'attacco alle Hawaii del 1941. Lingue. Minoru Genda, then chief of staff of the Imperial Japanese Navy, was a classmate of Fuchida at the Naval Academy and directed the air operations in the early stages of the attacks. Minoru Genda è morto il 15 agosto 1989, esattamente lo stesso giorno dell'annuncio della resa giapponese nel 1945 e un giorno prima del suo 85º compleanno. Posts about Captain Minoru Genda written by belfastchildis. Genda Minoru (源田実, Hirosima, 1904. augusztus 16. japán katona, a Pearl Harbor-i támadás tervezője.. Genda Minoru 1904-ben született Hiroshimában egy ősi családban. But this surprise attack eventually led to disaster for Japan. He was also the third Chief of Staff of the Japan Air Self-Defense Force. Famous quotes containing the words pearl harbor, war, pearl, harbor and/or world: Genda died on 15 August 1989, exactly 44 years to the day after the Japanese surrender in World War II, and just one day short of his 85th birthday. However, Genda's rank—captain—was too low to be of much strategic influence. He was married and had three children. His official trip was in accord with British-Japanese naval accords authorizing official military attaché visits to the war front to observe and document military operations. This is not a forum for general discussion of the article's subject. Two brothers were graduates of Tokyo University, another brother graduated from Chiba Medical College, and his youngest brother entered the Army Academy. – Macujama, 1989. augusztus 15.) Minoru Genda ( 源田実 Genda Minoru, 16 agosto 1904 - 15 Agosto 1989), è stato un noto giapponese aviatore militare e politico. $10.60. Known as "Genda's Flying Circus", the team, consisting of Genda, Yoshita Kobayashi and Motoharu Okamura, using Nakajima A2N Type 90 fighters,[2] was part of a public relations campaign to promote naval aviation. Fine. [9] Genda was responsible for much of the training, especially in the new tactics of shallow-water torpedo use, effective use of level-bombing by tactical aircraft, and coordinating several aircraft carriers simultaneously. Genda (源田 実 Genda Minoru)was a well-known Japanese military aviator and politician. After the war, Genda joined the the Japanese Air Self-Defense Force, eventually attaining the rank of general. Minoru Genda's autobiography. Genda served with distinction during World War II and personally participated in combat. [6] Genda had previously considered an attack on Pearl Harbor in 1934 and had discussed the possibility then with Takijirō Onishi. Questa voce rientra tra gli argomenti trattati dai progetti tematici sottoindicati. Japanese war pilot and planner of the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7th, 1941. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Once this was done, the attack plan itself was written primarily by Rear Admiral Ryunosuke Kusaka with assistance from Captain Genda and Deputy Chief of Staff, Captain Kameto Kuroshima.[4][5]. Join Facebook to connect with Minoru Genda and others you may know. Category:Minoru Genda. MINORU GENDA (1904 - 1989) Japanese military aviator and politician, best known for his careful and intricate planning of the Pearl Harbor attack. Fu fortemente contrario alla firma da parte del Giappone del Trattato di non proliferazione nucleare. Sign in to disable ALL ads. Genda, contrario a una simile missione di sacrificio, promosse invece con forza l'assoluta necessità dell'attacco per controbilanciare immediatamente la superiorità numerica e industriale americana, ma anche la sua praticabilità, pur salvaguardando la sicurezza della flotta giapponese. He personally felt that the Kawanishi N1K2-J Shiden-Kai (Allied code name, "George") was equal to the American F6F Hellcat and F4U Corsair. Genda Minoru, (born Aug. 16, 1904, Hiroshima, Japan—died Aug. 15, 1989, Tokyo), Japanese naval officer and air strategist who was chosen by Admiral Yamamoto Isoroku to draft the plan for the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor (in Oahu Island, Hawaii, U.S.), which crippled the American Pacific Fleet and precipitated the entry of the United States into World War II.