An oil-soluble chemical sunscreen agent that protects skin in the UVB and somewhat in the UVA II range with a peak absorption of 304 nm. This exquisite and technologically advanced formula will help reveal fresh skin for a visibly refined, smooth and velvety soft complexion. But according to a comparative study done in 1995, citric acid has less skin improving magic properties than glycolic or lactic acid. stays on the skin) dimethicone as the two together form a water-resistant, breathable protective barrier on the skin without a negative tacky feel. Now:$63.7515% off. If that would not be enough, it's also an excellent solvent, and it's a regular not only on the ingredients lists of make-ups but also on makeup removers. Normal (well kind of - it's purified and deionized) water. Peter Thomas Roth Water Drench Broad Spectrum Spf45 Hyaluronic Cloud Moisturizer. This lightweight cream helps extinguish redness while soothing skin. La Roche-Posay Anthelios 60. Usually the main solvent in cosmetic products. Peter Thomas Roth Water Drench Moisturizer is $32.50 per ounce, which is very expensive. Featuring Capryloyl Salicylic Acid to assist with skin’s natural top-layer cell turnover as well as two million pure active plant cells to revitalize and rejuvenate skin. There are also scar treatment gels out there using dimethicone as their base ingredient. Probably the most common silicone of all. Reapply at least every 2 hours. (Btw, if you do not know what the big deal with vitamin C is then you are missing out. This daily moisturizer delivers hydration with added sun protection. Butylene glycol, or let’s just call it BG, is a multi-tasking colorless, syrupy liquid. As for safety, avobenzone has a pretty good safety profile. Regarding the skin-brightening properties of pure vitamin C, this is another magic property AP does not have, or at least there is no data, not even in-vitro, about it. Provides intensive hydration and retains moisture. Use of our retailer links is governed by our Terms of Use & Privacy Policy. That is probably no coincidence. Great natural moisturizer and skin-identical ingredient that plays an important role in skin hydration and general skin health. “Find the full list of ingredients of Peter Thomas Roth Water Drench Hyaluronic Cloud Cream here! Overall, Ascorbyl Palmitate is our least favorite vitamin C derivative. With age comes wisdom in all you do — even down to your skin care. Octocrylene's safety profile is generally quite good, though a review study in Contact Dermatitis reports an "increasing number of patients with photo contact allergy to octocrylene." It has excellent spreading properties and leaves no oily residue or build-up. The skin is lifted and fine lines and wrinkles are smoothed with a blend of peptides, prolines, amino acids, botanicals and vitamins C and A. Peter Thomas Roth. The tree is slow growing and getting the oil is a hard job. Anti-Wrinkle Cream aims to boost skin renewal and smoothen the look of fine lines and wrinkles. Peter Thomas Roth's Water Drench Broad Spectrum SPF 45 Hyaluronic Cloud Moisturizer is a UVA/UVB sunscreen with a non-greasy, cream-to-water invisible finish. Homosalate is not a strong UV filter in and of itself (gives only SPF 4.3 protection at max. Broad Spectrum SPF 45 UVA/UVB sunscreen with a non-greasy, cream-to-water invisible finish. HA is famous for its crazy water holding capacity as it can bind up to 1000 times its own weight in water. Activated with 24K Gold and Vitamin A. Ok, so now we know what ceramides are, let's see what they do in our skin: research shows clearly that they play a super important role in keeping the skin barrier healthy and the skin hydrated. The cream has a luxurious nourishing creamy and lightweight texture that absorbs easily. The yeast extract itself is a silky clear liquid that has some great moisturizing, skin protecting and film-forming properties on the skin. The most common skincare ingredient of all. The sumptuous night cream is infused with ceramides and drone-targeted peptides which penetrate to the deeper layers of the skin where the active ingredients profoundly retexturise and visibly restore the appearance of beautiful skin. Drench your skin with a liquid cloud of fluffy-light moisture that feels soft and weightless like clouds in the atmosphere, shielding against UVA/UVB rays while helping to keep skin hydrated during sun exposure with a … A light-feeling, volatile (meaning it does not absorb into the skin but evaporates from it) silicone that gives skin a unique, silky and non-greasy feel. Probably that’s why citric acid is usually not used as an exfoliant but more as a helper ingredient in small amounts to adjust the pH of a formulation. Collagenesis® 24 Hour Youth Preservation Cream Elite represents the anti-aging breakthrough technology of 21 countries. Water Drench Broad Spectrum SPF 45 Hyaluronic Cloud Moisturizer. It has excellent spreading properties and leaves no oily residue or build-up. If you could please take a look at Peter Thomas Roth’s Potent C Power Eye Cream. Dark under eye circles are lightened, puffiness is diminished, bags are banished, and collagen is boosted with a slew of botanical extracts, ceramides and peptides. A not so strong preservative that doesn’t really work against bacteria, but more against mold and yeast. Normal, everyday table salt. One of the many types of ceramides that can be found naturally in the upper layer of the skin. Not that it's not good, it is good, even great but reading the research about argan and a bunch of other plant oils we just do not see the big, unique differentiating factor (though that might be our fault not reading enough, obvs.). If you are into chemistry (if not, we understand, just skip this paragraph), the reason is that electrolytes (you know, the Na+ and Cl- ions) screen the electrostatic repulsion between the head groups of ionic surfactants and thus support the formation of long shaped micelles (instead of spherical ones) that entangle like spaghetti, and viola, a gel is formed. Its protection is not strong enough on its own but it is quite photostable (loses 10% of SPF protection in 95 mins) and is often used to stabilize other photo-unstable UV-filters, for example, Avobenzone. $30.00. Make that dream a reality with Water Drench Hyaluronic Micro-Bubbling Cloud Mask from Peter Thomas Roth. Glycolic Acid Toner. It counts as non-irritating, and unlike some other chemical sunscreens, it shows no estrogenic effect. Part of her range that'll give your skincare regime a refresh until a slot opens up at the Chelsea clinic, this nourishing 'Comfort Cream D-stress' moisturizer is formulated with Hyaluronic hydrators, Omega-rich oils and a Pollustop® pollution shield. A great study in the Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology compared a bunch of vitamin C derivatives and this derivative was the only one where the study said in terms of stability that it's "similar to AA". Shop Max Mineral Naked Broad Spectrum SPF 45 UVA/UVB Protection Lotion at the official Peter Thomas Roth store. Find out if the Peter Thomas Roth Water Drench Hyaluronic Hydrating Moisturizer SPF 45 is good for you! Its special magic power is to bind to the skin stronger and longer than other moisturizer ingredients do so it can keep the skin hydrated longer than usual. Read what notable effects these ingredients have with Skincarisma” ... Water Drench Hyaluronic Hydrating Moisturizer SPF 45. It’s safe and gentle, but even more importantly, it’s not a feared-by-everyone-mostly-without-scientific-reason paraben. Data: Limited. If (similar to us) you are in the weird habit of reading the label on your shower gel while taking a shower, you might have noticed that sodium chloride is almost always on the ingredient list. Homosalate is not a strong UV filter in and of itself (gives only SPF 4.3 protection at max. We wrote way more about ceramides at ceramide 1, so click here to know more. Together with ceramides and fatty acids, they play a vital role in having a healthy skin barrier and keeping the skin hydrated. It is a polymer (created from repeating subunits) molecule and has different molecular weight and thus different viscosity versions from water-light to thick liquid. The maximum concentration of avobenzone permitted is 5% in the EU and 3% in the US. The only good thing we can write about Ascorbyl Palmitate is that there is an in-vitro (made in the lab, not on real people) study showing that it might be able to boost collagen production. About 25% of the goopy stuff between our skin cells consists of cholesterol. As for skincare, argan oil is loaded with lots of skin goodies (but so are many other plant oils): it contains 80% nourishing and moisturizing unsaturated fatty acids, mainly oleic (38-50%), linoleic (28-38%) and palmitic (10-18%). Always made without SLS, phthalates, petrolatum, parabens, silicones, mineral oil, DEA, phosphates, artificial dyes, pegs or synthetic fragrances. Peter Thomas Roth. Guarantee Yes, Peter Thomas Roth has a 30 day money back guarantee. It's not a strong filter in itself, it's always used in combination with other sunscreen agents. One more thing: the water used in cosmetics is purified and deionized (it means that almost all of the mineral ions inside it is removed). It contains the essential fatty acid, linoleic acid and has a unique structure. It has a light and smooth skin feel. Data: Limited. This is why it can also be found in makeup products like eyeshadows and concealers, as it helps disperse color pigments in the same way. Fountain of Truth's Perfect Skin Illuminator actively corrects and perfects with its tone-matching formula. Retinol Fusion PM Night Serum. Never before have such extraordinary visible results been attainable at home. Has to be combined with other preservatives. A type of ceramide that can be found naturally in the upper layer of the skin. ... Water Drench Cloud Cream Cleanser. IT Cosmetics Confidence in a Cream Rosy Tone is your quick-absorbing moisturizer that's enhanced with rosy tone pigments to deliver the look of instant vitality. They are waxy lipids that can be found naturally in the outer layer of the skin (called stratum corneum - SC). Always made without SLS, phthalates, petrolatum, parabens, silicones, mineral oil, DEA, phosphates, artificial dyes, pegs or synthetic fragrances. Excellent moisturizing effects, provides not only the skin’s surface but also beneath the skin with a full moisturizing effect. Protects and rejuvenates the skin, while macro hydrators and light-diffusing particles hydrate, perfect and illuminate. Natural extracts help comfort skin on contact while natural anti-inflammatory ingredients like Sea Whip and a neutralizing light green tint help skin immediately look better. Second, a study that examined the skin absorption of vitamin C found that ascorbyl palmitate did not increase the skin levels of AA. Vitamins B3, B5, B6, B9, and E alleviate dryness, provide anti-wrinkle benefits, and soothe skin. Find out about free shipping and become a BlueRewards member. EWG's rating for Peter Thomas Roth Water Drench Hyaluronic Cloud Moisturizer, SPF 45 is 3. Still, if you are a 'better safe than sorry' type, be careful when using Homosalate containing sunscreens long-term and full-body. We do a Best of INCIDecoder email once a month with the most interesting products and ingredients we bump into. Quick Shop. Concentrated 30% Hyaluronic Acid Complex cream has three molecular sizes of Hyaluronic Acid, a potent hydrator that draws in water. If you are into vitamin C, you can take a look at more promising derivatives here. For that to happen, there has to be water in the product and the right pH value (pH 3-4). Powerful antioxidants work to counteract damage caused by free radicals throughout the day. BG is approved by Ecocert and is also used enthusiastically in natural products. Peter Thomas Roth products with Titanium Dioxide: Max Mineral Naked Broad Spectrum SPF 45 UVA/UVB Protective Lotion. And ceramides are about 50% of those lipids (the other important ones are cholesterol with 25% and fatty acids with 15%). It's one of those things that help your cosmetics not to go wrong too soon, aka a preservative. It is also often used to improve the water resistance of the products. Apart from being an important skin-identical ingredient, it's also an emollient and stabilizer. In case of contact with eyes, rinse with water. Read reviews, see the full ingredient list and find out if the notable ingredients are good or bad for your skin concern! Argan oil - the "liquid gold of Morocco" that contains 80% unsaturated fatty acids (oleic and linoleic mainly), and antioxidant vitamin E and phenols. It's believed that ceramide 1 plays a "binding role" in the lipid layers of the extracellular matrix. It also contains a relatively large amount of antioxidant vitamin E (600-900 mg/kg, about twice as much as olive), small amounts of antioxidant phenols (including caffeic acid, ferulic acid, and epicatechin), as well as some rare sterols with soothing and anti-inflammatory properties. Contains exclusive advanced Moisture Complex, and soothing ingredients to instantly calm and hydrate sensitive, irritated and dehydrated skins while retaining moisture. It's also a solvent, humectant and to some extent a penetration enhancer. Dubbed as the "liquid gold of Morocco", we have to admit we have some trouble determining why this oil enjoys such a special miracle status. It is not photostable so has to be combined with ingredients that help to stabilize it. Get free samples, free shipping and rewards! Skin to Die For™ Mineral-Matte CC Cream Broad Spectrum SPF 30. Instantly see and feel the difference of hydrated skin with a more youthful look day after day. Shop Peter Thomas Roth Water Drench® Broad Spectrum SPF 45 Hyaluronic Cloud Moisturizer at Bluemercury. According to the manufacturer Kobo, this partly water- and partly oily soluble form of dimethicone helps filters like Titanium Dioxide and Zinc Oxide disperse more evenly and thus provide better UV protection while also minimizing any white-cast that often comes hand-in-hand with mineral filters. Seven different natural yeast penetrate deep into the skin to create soft and healthy skin and provides your skin with a skin-deep glow. Chemically, this is definitely not true, as the two forms are almost the same, both are polymers and the subunits can be repeated in both forms as much as you like. 3.90 out of 5 stars (76 reviews) Silicon, Iron, Zinc, Copper and Magnesium support healthy-looking skin tone and texture. It was only an in-vitro study meaning that it was done on cell cultures and not on real people, but still, this also does not support the use of AP too much. Enriched with 3 precious plant stem cells, helps delay the aging process, strengthen skin barrier function, prevent photo-aging and lengthen the skin cell longevity. Never before have these two legendary molecules, both supported by numerous, robust, independent clinical trials, been harmoniously utilised for ultimate skin rejuvenation. It works mainly against fungi. Ceramides get quite a lot of hype recently and good news: there is a reason for that. It helps to soften scars and increase their elasticity. :) You are almost done: please check your mailbox to confirm your email! Shields skin from the sun and hydrates with a liquid cloud of pure water vapor to help prevent moisture loss during sun exposure. And they are there in big amounts! Peter Thomas Roth. Also, works well to fill in fine lines and wrinkles and give skin a plump look (of course that is only temporary, but still, it's nice). It does so by neutralizing the metal ions in the formula (that usually get into there from water) that would otherwise cause some not so nice changes. Black cumin seed oil, with essential fatty acids, vitamins and amino acids, helps to create a look of plumpness and volume. A super versatile and common mineral powder that comes in different particle sizes. PCA stands for Pyrrolidone Carboxylic Acid and though it might not sound like it, it is a thing that can be found naturally in our skin. A potent moisturizer created with certified organic argan oil and olive derived squalene helps to soften fine lines with a sheer hint of color for a healthy, dewy glow. Enjoy free samples with every purchase at bluemercury.com. Other than having a good safety profile and being quite gentle to the skin it has some other advantages too. If these magic three letters don’t tell you anything, click here and read our detailed description on glycolic acid, the most famous AHA. Pure Vitamin E. Great antioxidant that gives significant photoprotection against UVB rays. It is there in lots of products in tiny amounts (honestly, we do not really understand why), however, we do not know about any vitamin C serum featuring AP in high amounts. In order to provide the most effective results, these innovative plant cells were specifically harvested from their natural environments: Norway Spruce, found north of the Alps provides anti-aging benefits, helping skin to look firmer, more supple and smooth. Peter Thomas Roth. If HA does not tell you anything we have a super detailed, geeky explanation about it here. Peter Thomas Roth Water Drench Broad Spectrum Spf45 Hyaluronic Cloud Moisturizer ingredients explained: Avobenzone (3%), Homosalate (5%), Octisalate (5%), Octocrylene (10%), Water/Aqua/Eau, Polymethylsilsesquioxane, Glycerin, Dipropylene Glycol, Dimethicone, Argania Spinosa Kernel Oil, Tocopheryl Acetate, Yeast Extract, Cyclopentasiloxane, Cyclohexasiloxane, Phenoxyethanol, Lauryl … Packed with a mineral-rich formula, this refreshing gel works to lift and improve elasticity, revealing a restored complexion. So ceramides form kind of a "water-proof" protecting layer and make sure that our skin remains nice and hydrated. Non-greasy and lightweight, this formula creates a cream-to-water, invisible finish on the skin with a hyaluronic acid complex, while 5% SunBoost ATB™ enhances sun protection. Challenge your skincare brand expectations with our series of head-to-head blind beauty product showdowns, Read all about our fresh take on buying skincare and how to get the most for your money. Interestingly, the combination of avobenzone with mineral sunscreens (that is titanium dioxide and zinc oxide) is not a good idea. Depending on your hair type, it can be a bit difficult to wash out and might cause some build-up (btw, this is not true to all silicones, only the non-volatile types). It is a lightweight treatment that can truly help your skin fight the visible signs of aging without a visit to a medi-spa. An oil soluble vitamin C derivative that has mixed data about its effectiveness. So, AP is one of the attempts by the cosmetics industry to solve the stability issues with vitamin C while preserving its benefits,  but it seems to fall short on several things. allowed 10% concentration) and it is not photostable (looses 10% of its SPF protection in 45 mins) so it always has to be combined with other sunscreens for proper protection. Good old water, aka H2O. Firstly, it's stability is only similar to that of pure ascorbic acid (AA), which means it is not really stable. It’s often used together with ethylhexylglycerin as it nicely improves the preservative activity of phenoxyethanol. IT Cosmetics Confidence In A Gel Lotion Weightless Moisturizer is a lightweight gel moisturizer that delivers lasting hydration while smoothing the look of your skin and boosting the appearance of radiance! It's one of the important lipids that can be found naturally in the outer layer of the skin. As for hair care, it is a non-volatile silicone meaning that it stays on the hair rather than evaporates from it and smoothes the hair like no other thing. An AHA that comes from citrus fruits. A clear, colorless liquid that works as a solvent and viscosity decreasing ingredient. Like this, the products can stay more stable over time. An error has occurred. An oil-soluble chemical sunscreen agent that protects the skin from UVB (295-315 nm) with a peak protection at 306 nm. It’s pH dependent and works best at acidic pH levels (3-5). Data: Limited. Water Drench Broad Spectrum Spf45 Hyaluronic Cloud Moisturizer. For external use only. Oh, and one more thing: alkaline pH inhibits enzymes that help ceramide synthesis in our skin. A helper ingredient that is used to adjust the pH of the product. Description. A corn sugar derived, water-soluble, pale yellow syrup, that nicely moisturizes the skin. A revolutionary blend of retinyl retinoate and crystal-stabilised retinaldehyde is suspended within a pool of silken cashmere for an age-defying experience that never fails to tantalise the senses. Sarah Chapman is one of London's most sought-after facialists - and one with a long waiting list. About Water Drench Broad Spectrum SPF 45 Hyaluronic Cloud Moisturizer. Peter Thomas Roth’s Water Drench® Broad Spectrum SPF 45 Hyaluronic Cloud Moisturizer is a UVA/UVB sunscreen with a non-greasy, cream-to-water invisible finish. We assess the ingredients listed on the labels of personal care products based on data in toxicity and regulatory databases, government and health agency assessments and the open scientific literature. It's one of the active parts of Chamomile that contains about 30% of bisabolol. Quick Shop. So citric acid is an exfoliant, that can - just like other AHAs - gently lift off the dead skin cells of your skin and make it more smooth and fresh. Learn more with Skincarisma today It’s an ingredient whose safety hasn’t been questioned so far by anyone (at least not that we know about). Well, the answer is probably a no, but they do work to some extent. Thanks. Ceramides make up about 50% of the goopy stuff that's between our skin cells and play a super important role in having a healthy skin barrier and keeping the skin hydrated. It’s mainly a solvent for ingredients that do not like to dissolve in oils but rather in water. The snappily named Lauryl Peg-9 Polydimethylsiloxyethyl Dimethicone is a silicone emulsifier fluid whose main thing is being a good dispersant for powders such as mineral UV filters or color pigments. Even if it can be converted, the palmitate part of the molecule is more than the half of it, so the efficacy will not be good and we have never seen a serum that contains a decent (and proudly disclosed) amount of AP. Avobenzone - the only globally available chemical sunscreen that gives proper UVA protection. Peptides stimulate collagen production and help regenerate and heal the skin. Water Drench Hyaluronic Cloud Moisturizer, SPF 45. (We also checked Prospector for sodium hyaluronate versions actually used in cosmetic products and found that the most common molecular weight was 1.5-1.8 million Da that absolutely counts as high molecular weight). Water Drench Broad Spectrum SPF 45 Hyaluronic Cloud Moisturizer Drench your skin with a liquid cloud of fluffy-light moisture that feels soft and weightless like clouds in the atmosphere, shielding against UVA/UVB rays while helping to keep skin hydrated during sun exposure with a … If you have spotted ethylhexylglycerin on the ingredient list, most probably you will see there also the current IT-preservative, phenoxyethanol. The BeautyBrains blog made a fantastic article about ceramides and they have listed a couple of examples about studies showing that ceramides - especially when used in certain ratios with cholesterol and fatty acids  - do hydrate the skin and can help to repair the skin barrier. It is typically used in tiny amounts, around 0.1% or even less. A little helper ingredient that is used to adjust the pH of the product. All in all, argan oil is a real goodie but we do not fully understand the special miracle status it enjoys. Moisturize your skin and keep sun damage at bay with EveryDay Nourishing Lotion SPF 50 from MDSolarSciences. BTW, it’s also a food preservative and even has an E number, E202. Mainly adults with ketoprofen-sensitivity and children with sensitive skin are affected, so if you have a small kid, it is probably better to use octocrylene-free sunscreens. As far as skincare goes, sodium hyaluronate and hyaluronic acid are pretty much the same and the two names are used interchangeably. The traditional process is that the ripe argan fruits fall from the tree, then goats eat them up and poop out the seeds. Wikipedia says that avobenzone loses 36% of its UV-absorption capacity after just one hour of sunlight (yep, this is one of the reasons why sunscreens have to be reapplied after a few hours). To do that it has to break down to its active form, sorbic acid. Do not panic, these studies were not conducted on real humans under real world conditions. It's one of the important lipids that can be found naturally in the outer layer of the skin. Peter Thomas Roth Water Drench® Broad Spectrum SPF 45 Hyaluronic Cloud Moisturizer supports both sun protection and moisture retention. It also has great skin-moisturizing abilities. Step 3: ... Our SPF products have a 2 year expiration date. Learn more with Skincarisma today ... Max Mineral Naked Broad Spectrum SPF 45 Lotion. Peter Thomas Roth, Water Drench® Broad Spectrum SPF 45 Hyaluronic Cloud Moisturizer delivers sun protection and hydrates... Drench & Quench Cream-to-Water Hydrator for All-Day Moisture, Miss de Gaspé Anti-Aging & Hydrating Dry Mask - Defy + Drench, 4-in-1 Cloud Cream Gel-to-Water Hydrating Essence Moisturizer, Super Multi-Corrective Cream Sunscreen Broad Spectrum SPF 30, Advanced Génifique Youth Activating Serum, Peter Thomas Roth - Water Drench Broad Spectrum SPF 45 Hyaluronic Cloud Moisturizer. r-Retinoate Intense is an all-in-one night cream that enriches skin with the pure power of transformation. The seeds are collected and smashed with a stone to get the kernels inside. A form of skincare superstar, vitamin C. Even though we are massive vitamin C fans,  Ascorbyl Palmitate  (AP) is our least favorite. The problem with it, though, is that it is not photostable and degrades in the sunlight. A  clear, colorless and odorless, highly volatile (meaning it does not absorb into the skin but evaporates from it) liquid that's used as an emollient. Description Drench your skin with a liquid cloud of fluffy-light moisture that feels soft and weightless like clouds in the atmosphere. Apply generously over clean skin in the morning for luxurious makeup preparation or in the evening to nourish skin while you sleep. This water-light gel-cream with Hyaluronic Acid, an ingredient naturally found in skin, floods skin with intense, weightless moisture and plumps out dry lines. In the US, it is flat out prohibited as avobenzone becomes unstable when combined with mineral sunscreens. Designed for skin that is losing its youthful luminescence and radiance, this advanced de-aging night time treatment works at night during sleep to regenerate the natural functions of the skin. A natural moisturizer that can bind to the skin stronger and longer than other similar ingredients so it can keep the skin hydrated longer than usual. It has a light and smooth skin feel, it is non-tacky, and it can improve the after-feel of the formula. The exclusive nano-gold and nano-platinum peptides increase the matrix of dermis, generate the skin healing function, and improve the elasticity and firmness. Price $52.00. It gives a nice non-oily light skin feel and it can improve the slip of the formula without leaving a tacky residue behind. Cucumber De-Tox Hydrating Serum. Water Drench Broad Spectrum SPF 45 Hyaluronic Cloud Moisturizer. If ceramides in the skin are decreased, more water can evaporate from the skin and there is less water remaining in the skin. Achieve softer, smoother, more glowing, luminous skin as a result of Fountain of Truth's formulas with the super bio-ferment system of highly effective, fermented, skin-loving plant and mineral ingredients. Do not use on damaged or broken skin. But before we go into the details, let's just quickly define what the heck ceramides are: They are waxy lipids that can be found naturally in the outer layer of the skin (called stratum corneum - SC). Peter Thomas Roth. Was:$75.00. It's highly nourishing and moisturizing both for skin and hair. Peter Thomas Roth. Lauryl PEG-9 Polydimethylsiloxyethyl Dimethicone, Read all the geeky details about Glycerin here >>, You can read all about the pure form here, Read all the geeky details about Propylene Glycol here >>, Read all the geeky details about Tocopherol here >>, The BeautyBrains blog made a fantastic article about ceramides, take a look at more promising derivatives here, A natural moisturizer that’s also in our skin, A super common, safe, effective and cheap molecule used for more than 50 years, Not only a simple moisturizer but knows much more: keeps the skin lipids between our skin cells in a healthy (liquid crystal) state, protects against irritation, helps to restore barrier, Effective from as low as 3% with even more benefits at higher concentrations up to 20-40% (around 10% is a good usability-effectiveness sweet spot), High-glycerin moisturizers are awesome for treating severely dry skin, It's a helper ingredient that improves the freeze-thaw stability of products, It's also a solvent, humectant and to some extent a penetration enhancer, It has a bad reputation among natural cosmetics advocates but cosmetic scientists and toxicology experts do not agree (read more in the geeky details section), Primary fat-soluble antioxidant in our skin, Significant photoprotection against UVB rays, Vit C + Vit E work in synergy and provide great photoprotection, Easy to formulate, stable and relatively inexpensive.