Botanical Name: Searsia pendulina Common Name: White karee Genus: Anacardiaceae RSA National Tree No’: 396 LANDSCAPING USES This willow-like small-medium size tree is ideal for small gardens as it grows quickly, has a non-invasive root system, is tidy and easy to maintain. Rhus pendulina) has an attractive growth habit, and the 5m-tall karee (Searsia lancea syn. Tech support scams are an industry-wide issue where scammers trick you into paying for unnecessary technical support services. It is also a good 'bird tree', providing food and shelter. Resin canals are present and woolly stellate hairs cover all young parts. Wind and weather resistant, can deal with too much water as well as droughts. Being small and soft, after dropping, they curl up and disintegrate quite rapidly. Male and female flowers are on separate trees and the female trees bear bunches of small, round edible fruits in late summer, mostly eaten by birds. It should be planted in well-drained, composted soil. Searsia pendulina 2000L. The drought has taught us that trees can really stand the test of time and adapt to challenge the sometimes harsh elements. Common name(s) White karree. Searsia lancea is a low branching, usually single-stemmed, tree which has a dense, rounded, wide-spread canopy of glossy, olive-green foliage.It has a graceful, weeping form, dark, fissured bark and a contorted trunk The Karee can be used as a protective canopy for frost sensitive and shade loving plants and works well as a wind, noise or privacy barrier. The bark of quite a few species is used in tanning - that of S. pendulina gives a reddish-brown colour. Common names: White Karee, Willow Karee, River Karee (English), Witkaree, Rivierkaree, Kareehout, Kareeboom Rosynebos, Rosyntjiebos, Wilderosyntjieboom (Afrikaans), Garas (Nama), mosilabele (South Sotho). 396. Media related to Searsia pendulina at Wikimedia Commons,, Taxonbars using multiple manual Wikidata items, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 22:39. Wood has reputation for toughness and durability. White karee (Searsia pendulina syn. Most people have heard of the dreaded Poison Ivy or Poison Oak thanks to American films and TV programmes, but not many know that Poison Ivy, or Toxicodendron spp. 2001 Creative Gardening with Indigenous Plants, A South African Guide. The 6m-tall white karee (Searsia pendulina syn. Searsia pendulina 250-litres. They are eaten raw, soaked in milk, mixed with curdled milk or cooked as a kind of porridge. Moffett, comb. Click here to register. Searsia pendulina is wind and drought resistant and has a pleasing, slightly drooping effect, somewhat similar to a weeping willow. Searsia pendulina (Rhus pendulina) (White Karee) This willowy evergreen small to medium-sized tree, 4 to 9 m tall. The worst offending Searsia is S. pyroides, the fire thorn, that may cause a burning sensation if a twig pricks or scratches you. Not registered yet? No major pest or disease concerns. In very cold climates it can be grown in the cool glasshouse. It grows on the banks of rivers and vleis and is confined to a narrow strip that follows the Orange River, from the Free State through the Northern Cape, to southern Namibia. Bothalia 37(2):165-175. 2007. Searsia pendulina 250-litres. The Fruit is edible and intoxicating liquor can be made from it. It won't get too big and it's not untidy. It displays a soft green colour with very fine leaves. Leaves are simple, trifoliate or digitally compound and imparipinnate. Most of the species grown in southern Africa, belonging to the genus Rhus, have been placed in Searsia.In southern Africa there are about 111 species of Searsia. Low Watering. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. The species is protected in the Northern Cape. Comments on the Wood range from reasonable to poor. Rhus lancea / Searsia lancea - Karee The Karee tree is quick growing, very popular and widely used as a shade tree. Searsia lancea the karee or red karee and S. leptodictya the mountain karee are both often confused with S. pendulina . Birds eat the berries and many butterflies breed on Searsia species, the Foxtrot Copper, Samba Copper, Burnished Copper, Common Hairtail and Pearl Charaxes. It should be pruned from an early age if a single-stemmed specimen tree is desired; if left unpruned it will grow into a multi-stemmed large shrub. Glenice. also belong in the Anacardiaceae. Searsia pendulina White Karee, Witkaree, mosilabele (Searsia pendulina) If you need a fast growing, small evergreen South African shade tree, you can't go wrong with the white karee which will give shade in about four years. Rhus lancea) attracts butterflies and birds. Frost Hardy. TreeCo has a wealth of experience when it comes to growing quality trees. N. floribunda is frost tender and has moderate tolerance to drought. Searsia pendulina (Jacq.) They are deciduous or evergreen and usually alternate. Family: Anacardiaceae (Mango family), which has about 83 genera and 850+ species – including Cashew). It is a literal translation from the original Khoi name. The APG III system of 2009 includes it in the clade malvids (in rosids, in eudicots) with nine families: The anthophytes are a grouping of plant taxa bearing flower-like reproductive structures. It is a popular ornamental and is now found all over South Africa. Although the leaf size and shape are used to separate the species, they are also notoriously variable, making Searsia a bit of a taxonomical nightmare. The flowering plants , also known as angiosperms , Angiospermae or Magnoliophyta , are the most diverse group of land plants, with 416 families, approximately 13,164 known genera and c. 369,000 known species. Searsia pendulina grows fast, withstands the wind and summer drought that Cape Town gardeners have to contend with, forms a sizeable tree after only a few years, casting shade and breaking the wind. As a mass planting around dams and waterways (where the tree occurs naturally), the S.pendulina creates a wonderful show of lush greenery, it also forms a highly effective windbreak when planted in rows along the boundaries of larger properties. A.A. Balkema, Cape Town . The small rounded edible fruits give many species the names rosyntjiebos or - boom (raisin bush / -tree). Rhus/Searsia lancea & pendulina – Karee and white karee (6-7m H x 6m W) The crown of these two evergreen trees is of a drooping slightly willow like habit, and this tree has drooping olive green foliage. Searsia pendulina, commonly known as the white karee (English) or witkaree (Afrikaans), is a hardy, very fast growing, semi-deciduous tree. Moffett, M.W., Bothalia 37: 171 2007. Frost Hardy – Can Handle frost without damage. It is the food plant for the Charaxes butterfly.It has non-aggressive roots, is frost hardy, drought resistant and fast growing. Searsia was named after Paul B. Sears (1891-1990) who was head of the Yale School of Botany and pendulina is derived from the Latin pendula meaning hanging down, in reference to the drooping nature of the branches. This is a willowy evergreen small to medium-sized tree, 4 to 9 m tall, forming a neat crown of gracefully drooping branches. Use it instead of the exotic willows. – Searsia pendulina (White karee) Flourish! Rhus pendulina) 7m x 5m is a water wise, evergreen to semi-evergreen tree with a graceful growth habit, willow-like leaves and sprays of tiny greenish-yellow flowers. The name karee is rather loosely applied to several species of Searsia. Searsia pendulina 500L. The tree is naturally found in semi-desert areas stretching from Namibia to the Free State and Orange River regions to … Size: 10 m * 5 m. Categories: Trees. Searsia pendulina 1000-litres. The sprays of inconspicuous flowers (male and female flowers on separate plants, therefore only female plants bear fruit) that attract insects are borne from September to January These are followed by bunches of fruit that attract birds. The fruits of all the Searsia species are edible, rich in carbohydrate, and have formed an important part of the diet of many people, particularly those in the arid areas of southern Africa . Smith , C.A. Tiny green flowers are produced in delicately branched, many-flowered panicles in spring-summer. Searsia pendulina 250L. It can reach a height of up to 10 metres but usually only reaches 6 to 8 metres height, with a spread of about 5 metres. The white stinkwood (Celtis Africana) is a fast-growing beauty with its smooth, pale grey bark; it sheds its leaves in winter, so plant it where you need shade in summer and warming sunshine in winter. The berries are mixed with Acacia karoo gum to make a sticky sweet that tastes a bit like dates. We learn from our experiences and there are many lessons we have learned over the many challenging years in our trade. There are about 91 taxa of Searsia in southern Africa. Most of the species grown in southern Africa, belonging to the genus Rhus, have been placed in Searsia. Taxon assessed. Tiny green flowers are produced in … It makes an attractive, low-maintenance street tree. Annual sap flow in deciduous Searsia pendulina trees was estimated to be 591 mm. Not suited to plant close to buildings,[2] nor to park underneath, due to a very fine powder which can cause staining. Major system. As with most trees they should not be planted very near to paving, swimming pools, pipes or walls, as their fast growth may quickly affect these. With its ease in cultivation, unagressive roots and graceful willowy crown, Searsia pendulina is a good choice for the suburban garden. They are inconspicuous, but attract bees and other insects. The terminal leaflet is 25 - 95 mm x 6 - 15 mm and the lateral leaflets are slightly smaller. Searsia pendulina is a perfect tree for the suburban garden, it is quick and easy to grow, tolerates wind and drought, is evergreen with a graceful habit and a neat crown, it won't get too big and it's not untidy. Searsia was named after Paul B. Sears (1891-1990) who was head of the Yale School of Botany, and lancea refers to the lance shaped leaflets.. Any other ideas will be appreciated. The leaves are trifoliate, narrowly lance-shaped with entire margins, and a fresh light green on both surfaces. Searsia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Anacardiaceae. References []. We are fortunate that our Karee trees do not share the same chemical characteristics as their American cousins. The fruit is edible and will entice birds to the garden. Searsia pendulina is easily propagated from seed and cuttings. Searsia pendulina ( Rhus pendulina ) White Karee. Searsia pendulina (Jacq.) There will be open vistas across the two wetland areas. Mature Searsia pendulina. The white karee (Rhus or Searsia pendulina) is a hardy evergreen that also grows quickly once established. (eds). Searsia pendulina 2000-litres. Both grew vigorously to about 5-6 m high with a dense crown. Searsia chirindensis should be pruned from an early age if a single-stemmed specimen tree is desired; if left unpruned it will grow into a multi-stemmed large shrub. There are already a number of milkwood trees (Sideroxylon inerme) growing amongst the shrubbery, and quite a few of the large shrubs like Brachylaena discolor (‘kusvaalbos’), Searsia pendulina (White karee), and even Tarchonanthus camphoratus (camphor bush) could be pruned up into trees. Trees are monoec… An infusion of leaves in milk and given as an enema to children suffering from stomach upsets. Citation/Red List version. Searsia pendulina grows fast, withstands the wind and summer drought that Cape Town gardeners have to contend with, forms a sizeable tree after only a few years, casting shade and breaking the wind. Full Sun – Prefers 6 or more hours of sun per day. 6. It is quick and easy to grow, tolerates wind and drought, and is evergreen with a graceful habit and a neat crown. The pliant slender stems of Searsia pendulina were used to build fish traps, baskets, and whips, and the stronger stems for the framework of matjieshuise (mat houses) and strong, flexible bows. The root system is non-invasive making this tree suitable for planting next to paved areas and buildings. Struik Publishers, Cape Town. RSA TreeNo. Deep soil pits in the Mispah trial plots at Vaal River have shown that S. lancea is capable of developing a deep root system below 3 m from the surface, a very useful attribute in trees established to utilize groundwater. Indigenous – Originates in South Africa. Palmer, E. and Pitman, N. 1972 Trees of Southern Africa . 1966 Common Names of South African Plants. 2003 Plants of southern Africa : an annotated checklist. It can grow on a variety of soils and does not have an aggressive root system. The fruits used to be an important ingredient of mead, in fact the name karee is thought to be derived from the original Khoi word for mead. It is not invasive and makes an excellent shade tree. In summer it produces sprays of inconspicuous flowers that attract insects. 2002 Trees of Southern Africa, Third edition. Quick and easy to grow, Searsia pendulina has a non-invasive root system and it can endure wind and drought conditions. S. leptodictya comes from the Pretoria and Witwatersrand region and while the leaflets are much the same shape size and colour as S. pendulina their margins are usually toothed, the lateral leaflets tend to be almost at right angles to the terminal one, and the bark is dark brown to black. They were formerly thought to be a clade comp Its size is also a plus in that it won't take over the neighbourhood and does … This is a good tree for attracting birds. The distribution ranges of S. lancea and S. pendulina overlap in places, but S. lancea is quite easy to tell from S. pendulina, the leaflets are longer and narrower, usually much more leathery, and a darker olive-green, and the bark is dark brown to black and rough. Links []. The species is protected in the Northern Cape. Glenice Ebedes says: 6th October 2018 at 1:58 pm National Botanical Institute, Pretoria . They have also been used to brew a kind of beer. It is a hardy, evergreen tree of medium size, and works well for smaller gardens. Searsia pendulina (Rhus pendulina) Searsia pendulina (Rhus pendulina) Quantity . Indigenous. Water newly planted-out saplings well for their first few years to give them a good start in life - infrequent deep watering is better than frequent sprinklings. Mature Searsia pendulina avenue Alice NottenKirstenbosch National Botanical GardenJanuary 2005 Updated July 2008, SA Distribution: Free State, Northern Cape, Aspect: Full Sun, Morning Sun (Semi Shade), Afternoon Sun (Semi Shade). It will … They however have a non-aggressive root system. Coates Palgrave, Keith. Moffett, R.O. It will tolerate moderate frosts and is drought hardy. Searsia pendulina grows in association with Salix mucronata ssp. Plant Care: Full Sun. You can help protect yourself from scammers by verifying that the contact is a Microsoft Agent or Microsoft Employee and that the phone number is an official Microsoft global customer service number. 2010. It does not have an aggressive root system. None as challenging as the recent drought period we encountered. Plant a tree for arbour month. The ‘Meyeri’ lemon tree has a compact growth habit and bears juicy, smooth skinned fruit … The bark is pale and smooth, becoming flaky with age. It is widely used in South Africa as a pavement and garden tree, as it propagates easily, grows fast and flourishes in full sun. But before you get too comfortable, there is an African Poison Ivy, Smodingium argutum, a small tree or scrambling shrub, with attractive dentate trifoliate leaves and beautiful autumn colours, very similar to Searsia but with winged fruits instead of berries, whose sap causes violent skin irritations. The flowers are followed by small rounded 3 mm diameter berries, green turning reddish and drying to black, usually ripening in the autumn. Searsia pendulina is an excellent choice for the water garden - it can be planted on river and stream banks, beside ponds and dams. of Agricultural Technical Services, Botanical Survey Memoir No 35, Government Printer. Moffett: Least Concern: Raimondo et al. This crown is dense and therefore makes a fantastic shade tree. The stem of this tree often makes interesting forms as it twists and bends into architecturally interesting shapes, which is unique to each tree. RSA is shaped by multiple developmental processes that are largely governed by the phytohormone auxin, suggesting that auxin regulates responses of roots that are important for local adaptation. capensis on the banks of rivers and vleis in a narrow strip that follows the Orange/Gariep River from the Free State through the Northern Cape to southern Namibia.