Whereas before the tilapia were stocked, every time I went to the feeder on that pond I would see dozens of huge coppernose, within two weeks of stocking the tilapia, the aggressive newcomers had bullied away the big bluegill, and when I approached the feeder I would see fifty to a hundred tilapia a few inches beneath the surface, waiting on pellets. AA Pond Stocking- Delicious Fishes Inc. is your number one trusted pond fish supply store in Myakka and the surrounding areas. Tilapia generally stop feeding when the water temperature falls below 63 degrees. They spawn every three weeks once the water temperature reaches seventy degrees, producing large quantities of forage for the bass. Visit us online to place an order. The Nile tilapia's taxonomy has been revised many times over the last 30 years and the current accepted name is Oreochromis niloticus. Tilapia also feed on detritus and are especially effective at reducing organic waste that causes odors in small, highly fertile ponds. In recent years they have become popular among pond owners for bass forage, and also for control of certain types of aquatic vegetation. Tilapia are a tropical fish from Africa that have many uses. Tilapia are native to tropical habitats and die when water temperature drops below 50-52 degrees for several days. Juvenile tilapia are especially easy bass food when they become sluggish in the fall; usually when the water temperature drops to 60 degrees. The tilapia fry continue to hide in the female's mouth when danger threatens for several more days. On farm C, an excavated pond accommodated 28 tilapia cages measuring 4.8 m 3 (2.0 ×2.0 ×1.20 m), totaling 134.4 m 3 of area available to the animals. This allows fish to slowly adjust to water temperatures in your pond. Annual fish yields using tilapia in polyculture with carps, high levels of agricultural by-products and good stock management can reach or exceed five tonnes/ha. Native to the warm waters of Africa, tilapia should be stocked outdoors when water temperatures reach the mid-60s. You can begin stocking tilapia when your water temperature is consistently over 60 degrees. They reproduce in high numbers during the summer months, which provides your bass with great high protein forage food… and of course extra algae eaters. Tilapia consume a large variety of natural material in ponds and lakes including: plankton, detritus (dead organic matter), aquatic invertebrates, and some aquatic vegetation. When stocked in this order and properly managed, these species together provide great fishing and good eating. Tilapia pond stocking is really taking off as an effective biological method of pond management, replacing chemical-based methods. In monoculture tilapia systems, animal manures provide nutrients that stimulate the growth of protein-rich phytoplankton, which is consumed by filter feeding Nile tilapia. USE: Tilapia are stocked as an alternative to chemicals for algae and aquatic weed control. Tilapia efficiently utilize plankton in ponds as well as pelleted feed. Stocking your lake or pond with the appropriate fish can be beneficial to your waterbody in a variety of ways. We are in our 4th season as a commercial tilapia hatchery and farm here in Kansas. Once water temperatures increase to a reproductive ideal, spawning takes place. Pond culture of tilapia is conducted with a variety of inputs such as agricultural by-products (brans, oil cakes, vegetation and manures), inorganic fertilisers and feed. The present study demonstrated that 106 fish/m3 was the best stocking density in terms of growth, food conversion ratio, survival and production for tilapia culture in the aquaponic system. 12 Live Bluegill Fingerlings: for sale and Shipping Now! And large bass will gorge on the larger tilapia as they become lethargic. In lakes and ponds, Tilapia are an incredibly effective, chemical free way to rid minimize choking weeds and unsightly string algae that make fishing and swimming almost … Tilapia Stocking - Since Tilapia are so prolific they can take foraging pressure off of your Bluegill and Redear population. Aquaria species intended for aquaria use, not for pond or river stocking. In static water ponds with aeration 20,000 to 28,000 males per acre with a 20% water exchange. Several females will deposit eggs in this nest for fertilizing by the male. Give us a call and you can see for yourself why so many residents of the Myakka area choose AA Pond Stocking- Delicious Fishes Inc. over any other pond fish supply store. The fish that were stocked increase in number, and therefore, increase the quantity of hungry mouths that eat the al… Whether you're looking to control algae blooms, enhance your forage base, improve recreational fishing or simply grow an excellent food source, tilapia may be the ideal fish for your lake or pond. Historically, tilapia have been stocked in ponds for aquatic vegetation control. Tilapia Stocking Tilapia aureus, commonly called the Blue Tilapia, is used for both the control of filamentous algae and duckweed in ponds and as a "forage" fish species for largemouth bass. Tilapias belong to the cichlid family. This is especially true in a well-fertilized pond with plenty of plankton for them to feed on. ORS 635-007-600 3a. Tilapia are a tropical fish from Africa that have many uses. Southland Fisheries Corp600 Old Bluff RoadHopkins, SC 29061. The brood fish stocking rate is variable, ranging from 0.3-0.7 kg/m 2 in small tanks to 0.2-0.3 kg/m 2 in ponds. Tilapia will not survive in water temperatures below 48° F. Our tilapia range in length from 5-10" at the time of stocking… If they are regularly fed, they can often be caught on hook and line with anything that resembles feed. Once the water temperatures drops into the 60's for good in the fall, the tilapia have done their job and you can begin removing them for the dinner table. All Rights Reserved. Adult tilapia in the one-half to 1 pound range should be stocked when the water temperature is consistently in the 60s, which is usually by the end of April or middle of May in the southeast. Tilapia usually respond well to feeding schedules developed for bluegill. Tilapia are also popular forage fish in bass/bluegill ponds because they reproduce heavily, are efficient users of natural aquatic foods, will aggressively consume pelleted feed, and they tolerate a wide range of water quality conditions. Using blue tilapia often comes out similarly priced to using chemicals, but the other wonderful benefits of using blue tilapia really tip the scales in its favor. The same is true in pond stocking. Tilapia are often not effective for vegetation control if the pond has a robust bass population due to intense predation. However, a much lower stocking rate is recommended in bass/bluegill ponds. Tilapia are often stocked in tandem with threadfin shad to offer bass a constant supply of high-quality forage. Not only are they great tasting (one of the most consumed fish in North America), they bite a hook and fight like a sport fish. The high rate of reproduction, coupled with the high fry survival and fast growth, make tilapia an excellent supplemental forage for largemouth bass. However, this fish is cannibalistic and requires much pond space, so a relatively large pond area will be required. If we can assist you in any way, please call or visit our historic hatchery in Cincinnati, Ohio. This period can be as few as a couple of hours and at most a few days. However, tilapia are an excellent substitute for ponds that have difficulty sustaining threadfin shad. Next, open the bag and let the fish swim out on their own. For southeast Ohio, plan to purchase tilapia for ponds around the beginning to middle of May. Max Length: 23 inches Max Weight: 8 lbs Lifespan: 10-20 years (in the right climate) Stocking Rate: 300-500 per acre. If you're looking for live blue tilapia to stock in your pond or lake to control algae/vegetation and to provide fantastic forage for your game fish, you can get them here! Tilapia are prolific spawners. The eggs are held in the female's mouth for incubation. Pond pros in Texas have been stocking tilapia for quite a few years. Their prolific reproduction helps feed the predators within the pond. Typically, Mozambique Tilapia will start to consume filamentous algae post-stocking, once the acclimation period is over. Nile tilapia are prolific spawners, beginning when the water temperature reaches about 70 degrees. A proven fish stocking combination that provides both food and good sport-fishing is bluegill, channel catfish, largemouth bass and often fathead minnows initially as a forage fish. The stocking ratio for females to males is 1-4:1 with 2 or 3:1 being the most common. Live Blue Tilapia for Pond Stocking. Blue or Nile tilapia require an exotic species permit, and are not to be used for recreational pond stocking. Grass Carp (white amur) stocking densities will vary based on the amount of vegetation present in your pond or lake. If the bluegill are currently on a feeding schedule, you may need to increase the number and length of feeding events to accommodate the additional mouths. For example, ponds less than 1-acre have little open water for threadfin shad to "school" and have safety in numbers. They are excellent at eliminating duck weed, filamentous algae, pond slime, and many other undesirable algaes in your pond. Max Length: 23 inchesMax Weight: 8 lbsLifespan: 10-20 years (in the right climate)Stocking Rate: 300-500 per acre. If stocked at higher rates, Tilapia will also control filamentous algae. However, tilapia are an excellent substitute for ponds that have difficulty sustaining threadfin shad. Subscribe for weekly pond and aquarium videos! Tilapia. Although tilapia are endemic to Africa, their tremendous aquaculture potential has led to nearly worldwide distribution within the past 50 years. Organic matter like chicken manure can be used as fertilizer at the ratio of one kilo for every square meter of surface water. Once the water hits about 45-50 degrees, tilapia start to go belly up. Ensure your pond is always stocked with healthy fish from Cassidy Fish Farm. However, a greater and more consistent impact is achieved with stocking rates from 50 to 100 pounds per acre. However, tilapia are well-suited for bass/bluegill ponds for several other reasons. From what we've seen in our comer of the world, it really works. Place the transportation bag in a shaded area of the pond and let float for 15-20 minutes. Tilapias are an excellent biological control for filamentous algae and duckweed and have been used in South Carolina for the past thirty years. For supplemental stocking rates please contact a representative . In some cases, the results are immediate and quite dramatic. Tilapia utilize natural food so efficiently that crops of more than 2,700 lbs./acre can be sustained in well-fertilized, production ponds. Tilapia are often stocked in tandem with threadfin shad to offer bass a constant supply of high-quality forage. Tilapia become extremely sluggish before they die in the winter, and can be netted as they swim slowly in the shallows. In Texas, stocking of Mozambique tilapia does not require a permit from the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. Stocking a pond with tilapia will help with weed control and also provide an additional food source for bass. Fertilizing the tilapia pond. Tilapia will not survive water temperatures lower than 52º F, this means Tilapia survive into December. Fish Pricing & Stocking Rates. W. Cory Heaton, ©2015, Clemson Extension Tilapia, a tropical species, can be stocked for aquatic weed control for additional forage for bass. Due to their tropic nature they cannot take over a pond, as they die off when the water falls below 55-50 degrees F. It is advised to add them as soon as your pond reaches a consistent 60 degrees F to get the most out of your fish. After the initial construction, the pond should be fertilized one week before tilapia stocking. We've been providing pond stocking and equipment in Dale, IN, since 1991. So algae start growing around the same time that you can be stocking your pond or lake with tilapia. © 2020 Southeastern Pond Management. Males will build a nest, closely resembling a bluegill nest, in 3 feet of water or less. Happy Thanksgiving folks! Breeding of tilapia is conducted in ponds, tanks or hapas. However, tilapia are more tolerant of high water temperature, high salinity, low dissolved oxygen, and high ammonia concentrations than other freshwater forage species. With enough food, they can reach sizes exceeding 2-3 lbs in one summer season. Golden raisins, bread balls, or even artificial flies in the shape of a pellet can all entice a hungry tilapia. Tilapia are the safest, surest, and most cost effective way to rid your pond of the unhealthy blue-green algae, chara and unsightly filamentous algae as well as, duckweed, watermeal, milfoil and many, many more undesirable pond weeds. Tilapia are among the most prolific warmwater species in the world. They have become the 2nd largest food fish industry in the world. By this time, it is not uncommon for the original stock tilapia to be in excess of 4 pounds! TILAPIA. Key words: Aquaponics, Mono-sex tilapia, Stocking density Introduction Since tilapias are great at utilizing the natural resources of a pond, especially Mozambique Tilapia, they are able to sustain their numbers with relative ease. Tilapia (oreochromis niloticus) are a tropical fish native to Africa and cultivated worldwide for table fare. Description Therefore, growth and reproduction can be directly increased by fertilizing and supplemental feeding. Pond Fish Tilapia clean up algae and vegetation in ponds and they are chemical free! An increase in bass growth is detected with stocking rates as low as 10 pounds of tilapia per acre, on larger lakes where a high stocking rate is cost prohibitive. A positive aspect about this is that algae grows in warm water. But a big bust if you live in Charlotte NC, Asheville or Greenville-Spartanburg SC. This allows bass of all sizes to enter the winter in excellent condition. Even though stocking density was not considered elevated, farms A and B presented critical levels of DO, of 1.6 and 1.7 mg/L respectively . After all, … For example, ponds less than 1-acre have little open water for threadfin shad to "school" and have safety in numbers. Today, tilapia is also raised in cages and tanks, but the traditional way of raising tilapia in outdoor ponds is still common throughout the world. Tilapia do reproduce but are a tropical species and generally die during our cold winter months. After stocking your pond, acclimating fish is simple. The female is ready to mate again about a week after it stops caring for the fry. *Visit our "Fish Days" page for Fish Days stores' contact information. Stocking: To produce one pound fish, the common practice is to stock 5,000 to 8,000 fish per acre. Tilapia in Sport Fish Ponds Our first priority is to make sure your pond is stocked right the first time. The Nile tilapia is the species most often used in pond stocking. A female tilapia weighing 200g (0.4 lb) can produce up to 500 fry every 3 to 5 weeks until the water temperature cools in the fall. The nutrient co… Pond Requirements Tilapia has been grown in ponds for thousands of years within its natural geographic range and was for instance aquacultured in ponds along the River Nile by the ancient Egyptians. We are adding baby tilapia into our backyard bass pond for some protein snacks. When you're fishing, patience pays off. We take great pride in the success of our management programs and treat every pond or lake as if it were our own. The body cavity of tilapia is placed well forward, yielding a large triangular fillet of firm white flesh that is excellent in flavor. stocking density. The stocking rates below apply only if your pond or lake does not have an existing fish population. You will find our staff to be professional, helpful and courteous. Aquaria use means holding fish in closed systems where untreated effluent does not enter state waters. Most pond owners typically start to see a noticeable reduction in the growth of filamentous algae within one month of stocking. They are excellent at eliminating duck weed, filamentous algae, pond slime, and many other undesirable algaes in your pond. According to Texas Parks and Wildlife an exotic species permit is required to stock and transport tilapia. When and How Many to Stock