Local communities are best placed to identify the connectivity needs of their local area. This will open up software engineering careers to students who want to experience working for a tech company, while at the same time studying towards a foundation degree in Computer Science. We are determined that no part of the country or group in society should be without adequate connectivity. The government has been clear that it wants to continue to attract the brightest and best to study and work in Britain after we leave the EU. This means ensuring that businesses are at the forefront of future broadband roll-out, including full fibre. This will be integral to the digital transformation of places and local public services, and we will also: As part of the government’s drive to accelerate the level of housing development, we are considering how the planning system can be made both more efficient and give the public greater involvement through better use of data and digital tools. A key focus will be identifying where policy interventions and support mechanisms can encourage industry investment in technology and innovation and drive forward the automation of industrial processes. This publication is available at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/uk-digital-strategy/uk-digital-strategy. Advances in digital technology, cloud-based computing and data science open up huge opportunities to improve the effectiveness and precision of government policy interventions by using data more effectively. Digital technologies and data are already helping to achieve these ambitions[footnote 74] and we will invest £4.2 billion over the next five years in areas such as electronic patient records, apps and wearable devices, telehealth and assistive technologies. To do this, we will ensure adults in England who lack core digital skills will not have to pay to access the basic digital skills training they need, mirroring the approach taken for adult literacy and numeracy training. In education, for example, we will address the barriers faced by schools in regions not connected to appropriate digital infrastructure and we will invest in the Network of Teaching Excellence in Computer Science to help teachers and school leaders build their knowledge and understanding of technology. The HP Foundation has also pledged to bring to the UK a free online learning platform - HP LIFE to improve business, IT and digital skills for disadvantaged groups in the UK. We continue to support Tech City UK’s key role in attracting world class talent into the UK’s digital sectors through the Tech Nation Visa Scheme. The government will also work with the ScaleUp Institute and other partners, including Local Enterprise Partnerships and Growth Hubs and their network of strategic partners to build peer-to-peer business networks specifically for fast-growing firms. ↩, Eurostat http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/E-business_integration#Database ↩, Lloyds Bank UK Business Digital Index 2015; BIS (2015), Digital Capabilities in SMEs: Evidence Review and Re-survey of 2014 Small Business Survey respondents. At present, the UK has a supply of specialist skills that scores well above the EU average, but there are still significant improvements that must be made. In a digitally-driven economy, that means ensuring that everyone has the skills they need to flourish, with nobody left behind. To develop and maintain our position as a leading global digital economy, we will also need to develop a range of specialist digital skills to fill specific digital jobs. Data which had been legitimately collected and stored with all personal identifiers removed might be knowingly or deliberately de-anonymised, risking individuals’ confidentiality. We will also continue to lead the global effort to end online child sexual exploitation. As outlined in the Industrial Strategy green paper, Sir Peter Bazalgette will conduct an independent review into how the UK’s creative industries, such as our world-leading music and video games industry, can help underpin our future prosperity by utilising and developing new technology, capitalising on intellectual property rights, and growing talent pipelines. UK schools currently spend £900 million annually on EdTech[footnote 76] and we want remove the hurdles and challenges leaders face in making effective and well informed decisions when purchasing technology. The forum will focus on supporting tech sectors and innovation, as well as the adoption of digital in the wider economy. [footnote 8] In the UK, fixed internet traffic is set to double every two years,[footnote 9] while mobile data traffic is set to increase further at a rate of 25% to 42% per year. The use of digital technologies to generate positive social impact (‘social tech’), has emerged in a number of fields, from the provision of healthcare to addressing financial exclusion. Accenture, in recognition that digital skills are key to employability, is partnering with FutureLearn, and has pledged to create a brand new Digital Skills Programme, which maximises effective learning through online collaboration. And we are ambitious for the opportunities afforded by the next stage of broadband and mobile rollout, so we will invest over £1 billion to accelerate the development and uptake of next generation digital infrastructure - including full fibre and 5G. Not only will this boost the data economy, but it will deliver significant benefits to the businesses themselves. The Degree Apprentices earn a wage while doing a job in their chosen profession. At all times, the need to preserve appropriate privacy and security will remain paramount and will be non-negotiable. [footnote 64] In the annex to this strategy we give examples from right across government of how we are using digital to improve services. Initiatives such as the Digital Skills Partnership (described in Chapter 2), and the Productivity Council (described above) have been designed to make the process of finding the right support as simple as possible. We are also working with Ofcom to ensure the market structure for broadband delivery is right. Our industrial strategy will see government stepping up to back businesses to invest for the long term. The internet has been an unquestionable force for economic and social progress. This is a strategy for the whole of the UK. In 2014, we set up the WePROTECT initiative, which brought together countries and international organisations, as well as major companies, in a coordinated response to the threat from online child sexual exploitation. This will play a crucial role in ensuring that everyone, wherever they live and however they connect, can make full use of digital services and benefit from participation in the digital economy. Its new strategy outlines the key technologies it will focus on moving forward: It will initially apply these in three market sectors through large scale programmes: In the Chancellor’s Autumn Statement the government announced a further £4.7 billion in R&D funding to enhance the UK’s position as a world leader in science and innovation, and we need to make sure we are getting the most from this investment. In South Wales, collaborative communities of digital entrepreneurs such as Method 4 and Welsh ICE have put the region on the map as a hotspot for tech innovation. For example: Though young people are often thought of as ‘digital natives’, according to a recent Capgemini study, almost half of senior decision makers do not believe young people know how to use digital skills for work. digital strategy over the next two years, in liaison the academic divisions and with all major committees of Council. For those lacking basic digital capability, the reasons for this exclusion are often complex. Digital Business Academy is a free online platform created by Tech City UK to provide the skills needed to start, grow or join a digital business. There are over 14,000 active learners. This analysis was used to develop the Leeds Digital Skills Action Plan. [footnote 24] As we take forward our plans to boost digital skills in the workforce, we must ensure this imbalance is addressed. Google recently offered five hours of free digital skills training to anyone in the UK who is seeking to develop their digital skills. Cable (primarily provided by Virgin Media) is capable of delivering at least 200Mbps now, and there are plans to increase that speed. A safe and secure cyberspace - making the UK the safest place in the world to live and work online, 6. As part of the £740 million of investment in digital infrastructure announced at Autumn Statement 2016, we will fund a coordinated programme of integrated fibre and 5G trials to help make sure that we are in the best possible position to exploit the considerable potential of 5G and future digital services for UK consumers and businesses. The Industrial Strategy green paper published on 23 January 2017 sets out the following 10 pillars on which to build a new Industrial Strategy. Our digital strategy now develops this further, applying the principles outlined in the Industrial Strategy green paper to the digital economy. Over the coming months, Accenture will work with a number of partners, who collectively have a reach of over 100,000 people across the UK, to scale the programme nationally. We will help protect against the growing threat of online identity fraud. Sharing and repeating best practice across the UK can spread success, improve services and cut costs. If successful, this could play a crucial role in closing the UK’s productivity gap with the G7 average. They offer an opportunity for important players to join together and address shared challenges and opportunities they face. On 21 November 2018, the College adopted the Digital Strategy of the European Commission. And we will continue to lead the world in addressing the challenges posed by online radicalisation and extremism. The UK Tech sector drew more investment than that of any other European country in 2016,[footnote 31] with a number of major investments in UK digital businesses: There have been a number of substantial investments from leading international tech companies: There have been several acquisitions of world-leading companies that were founded in the UK: Leading technology investors have chosen to locate in the UK or raised further investment funds, including: There have been major investments in cloud data centres, which will help UK firms work smarter and faster: To boost our impact in emerging digital economies around the world, we are working to establish a network of UK Tech Hubs in five developing countries to work alongside the key existing hub in Israel. To maintain our position at the forefront of the data revolution, we will implement the General Data Protection Regulation by May 2018. The college will train 5,000 students over the next five years for a wide range of digital careers, such as software and database developers, user experience designers and tech entrepreneurs. For example, we will explore how data – such as that held by HMRC and Companies House – can be used to identify scale-up businesses. Government can play an important role in helping entrepreneurs and early-stage digital companies turn ideas into viable businesses through interventions such as accelerators, mentoring, and export assistance. We will ensure adverts for broadband accurately reflect the speeds and technology actually on offer for the majority of customers, so that people know what they are getting and can better find the most competitive deal. Lloyds Bank’s 23,000 Digital Champions currently work with digital skills charities to deliver digital skills training across the community where it is most needed. The following outlines the steps we are taking to create this environment for digital sectors. Leeds City Council convened the Leeds Digital Board, a group of digital employers, education and training providers, and the Leeds City Region LEP to work together to promote and grow the sector, and to tackle skills gaps. We will encourage businesses and Local Enterprise Partnerships to build on the Digital High Streets initiative, to help retail businesses become more digitally capable. However, the sheer number of programmes and offers can make it difficult for some people to know which training opportunities best suit their needs. The following boxes look at two technologies where we are already playing an active role. That is why our Industrial Strategy green paper proposes to set an ‘open door’ challenge to industry to come to the government with proposals to transform and upgrade their sector through sector deals. We have world-class universities and laboratories, whose excellence is one of the key guarantees of our global tech leadership. [footnote 71] This shortage of data talent has direct and serious economic implications, and addressing this shortfall should therefore be a strategic priority. That’s because in normal times, the customer and market penalties for widespread “test and learn” can seem too high, and the organizational obstacles too steep. GOV.UK Verify, the government’s online identity verification service, went live in May 2016 and delivers a federated, market-based approach to identity assurance for central government that can be reused in the wider public and private sectors. Barclays runs the Digital Eagles programme to help people develop their digital skills and confidence so they are able to fully take advantage of all things digital, including, but not restricted to, digital banking. There can often be several programmes operating in one area - and sometimes none in others. It has also opened up five Regional Skills Academies in partnership with Risual (a IT services company) and a select group of colleges. Citymapper is part of a new generation of data-driven start-ups, and its success is partly due to the UK being one of the first countries to release open, real-time public transport data in 2010. The OECD identifies the activities of digital sectors (Information, Communication and Technology (ICT)) as follows: “The production (goods and services) of a candidate industry must primarily be intended to fulfil or enable the function of information processing and communication by electronic means, including transmission and display.” However, there are many people working in digital occupations which are not within digital sectors and many more making use of digital technology to do their work (for example, through e-commerce). Apple’s Everyone Can Code is a new approach to coding that lets everyone learn, write and teach coding and helps build apps that bring ideas to life. The Internet of Things enables connected objects and devices containing sensors to share data, information and insights - from industrial machines, infrastructure, buildings and vehicles, to consumer electronics and clothing. We will legislate through the Digital Economy Bill to give designers a new way of giving the public notice of their IP rights with a web address. The government has worked with the IWF to share with major technology companies almost 35,000 digital fingerprints or ‘hashes’ of indecent images of children known to law enforcement agencies, so that they can remove the images from their platforms and services. In the UK and Republic of Ireland more than 2000 schools have already signed up involving over 350,000 students. Giving consumers access to their personal data in this safe and secure way enables them to make more informed choices on the products and services they buy and gives companies opportunities to innovate, creating further growth in the digital economy. To accelerate the digitisation of culture, and make culture accessible for all, we will: We will explore the development of a shared national digital platform for public libraries in England to provide a seamless transition between physical and digital collections, including ebooks and digital magazines. We want the UK to take a leading role in the development and roll-out of 5G. Outcome 5 Maximise use of technology If digital is the engine for change, technology is the oil that can smooth the way. The non-statutory Advertising Standards Authority has already made some progress in ensuring that broadband prices are made clearer and costs to consumers are not hidden, and we will continue to work with them to ensure that the advertising of communications is accurate and fair. The Call for Evidence has now closed, and further detail on next steps will be published at the Spring Budget 2017. Digital technology has the potential to provide more information on, and choice and control over how and when public services are accessed. It has seven strands: Connectivity - building world-class digital infrastructure for the UK Digital Strategy – final Page 1 of 8 Digital Strategy for Education 2016-2020 1. [footnote 75] The potential benefits when implemented correctly are considerable, both in teaching and in school administration. The reforms will create 15 prestigious technical routes, as set out in the Skills Plan, encompassing both college-based and employment-based learning and providing a clear path to skilled employment. This work will be led by the Department for International Trade, working closely with the National Technology Adviser and our network of embassies around the world. A number of additional sources have been considered in the development of the five part vision including: • Central government Transformation Strategy 2017 to 2020 (published 9 February 2017) • Central government’s UK Digital Strategy (published 1 March 2017) • However, we can still do more to build ‘online services so good people prefer to use them’ – the ambition of that strategy. We have also introduced new innovative digital degree apprenticeships. Working alongside the existing hub in Israel, these hubs will boost our impact in emerging digital economies around the world. [footnote 3] In government, we have led the world in transforming our services and systems, using digital technology to make them easier, simpler and cheaper. Local government across the whole country can benefit from better use of data. We aim to increase its scope over time, so that citizens can pay for services using a wide range of payment types (such as cards, Direct Debit and e-wallets). We look forward to the findings of the review, and will consider them carefully. Technology has the potential to bring arts and culture to new audiences; to inspire children and young people; and to support teaching and learning through interactive and online experiences. Public owned or funded networks, such as the Janet academic and research network, and Network Rail, offer another potential route to increase fibre connectivity. For example, the UK Council for Child Internet Safety (UKCCIS), set up in 2008, brings the government together with key stakeholders to help keep children and young people safe online. [footnote 59]. Ofcom is responsible for enforcing these obligations and, through the Digital Economy Bill, will have the power to fine companies that do not meet them. GOV.UK Notify sent its first messages on 18 July 2016, making it easier for service teams across government to keep people updated through text messages, emails or letters. Several businesses have already established their own ethics boards or advisory councils on the use of data, and there is a developing body of academic work in this field. We have to encourage the market towards ubiquitous ultrafast services but balance the additional benefits of increasing speed against the costs today of providing the infrastructure. This requires supportive regulation but also first-class digital infrastructure and an advanced skills base. [footnote 13] But significant improvements are needed to ensure there is a reliable connection across other major roads, not only so that consumers can make a call while on the move or in an emergency, but also as a means of enabling applications from real-time traffic alerts to emerging technologies such as connected and autonomous vehicles and smart motorways. This includes through the Ordnance Survey’s GeoVation programme which runs competitions to help entrepreneurs use geospatial data and technology to develop their ideas, and provides a Hub where new start-ups can access desk-space, mentoring, and legal and professional support. The Council will drive engagement to improve productivity across the economy, including through appropriate use of digital technologies. A strong, stable regulatory regime is at the heart of this, with Ofcom - the UK’s independent communications regulator - protecting the interests of consumers, by promoting competition. This will help other governments start their digital programmes with less risk, embed our approach to technology in other countries. And our fusion of digital and creative expertise also gives us the leading edge in many other sectors including design and advertising. To close this divide we must take a more targeted approach to digital inclusion. We are committed to implementing the strategy and have established mechanisms to ensure this happens effectively. To do this we will establish a new Digital Government Partnership that deepens collaboration with external partners, including by inviting outside experts into government as Technology Fellows to help policy-makers: The Partnership is being overseen by Cabinet Office’s new Open Innovation Team, who aim to launch it by summer 2017.