It is a trench located in the Pacific Ocean considered to be the deepest place on earth where high levels of microbial activity are found. Explain to students that in 2009, approximately 506,000 square kilometers (195,000 square miles) of ocean were declared a protected marine reserve. The Trench is technically U.S. territory, but since a giant, super-deep ocean hole that contains all sorts of strange ecosystems is obviously fairly vulnerable to human tampering, President George W. Bush declared it a “marine national monument” in 2009. 2. "Racing to the Bottom: Exploring the Deepest Point on Earth." The Trench is 11,033 metres (36,201 feet), (6033.5) fathoms deep, with pressure at the deepest part of the Mariana Trench is over 8 imperial tons per square inch – and is home to a rich variety of fellow-creatures It is approximately 2,550 kilometers long and 69 kilometers wide. At areas like the Mariana Trench (or the Marianas Trench; both spellings are commonly found) the water temperature ranges from 34-39 degrees F (1-4 degrees C).-The Editors U.S. Kmusser, Wikimedia Commons. Source: Sputnik, CCTV, Daily Mail Only one man has managed to reach 10,898 meters in the submarine Deepsea Challenger, James Cameron. If you want to explore the depths of the ocean, you may want to go to the deepest part: the Mariana Trench. NASA Earth Observatory. At the collision point, one of the plates dives beneath the other into the Earth’s mantle, creating an ocean trench. By Everyday Einstein Sabrina Stierwalt on May 29, 2020 1. He described the trench as an environment very much like a lunar desert. As you'd imagine, not many animals you know of live without sunlight. This translucent fish resembles a tadpole and was filmed at a depth of 8,178 m (26,831 ft.). Its depth is difficult to measure from the surface, but modern estimates vary by less than 1,000 feet. The Pressure at the deepest part of the Mariana Trench is over 8 tons per square inch. The Mariana Trench stretches in a horseshoe-like shape around 2,550 kilometers (1,580 miles) in the eastern Pacific, with an average width of around 69 kilometers (43 miles) wide. This also contributes to its extreme depth. 3. The Mariana Trench is located in an area of old seafloor that is made up of lava, which is dense and causes the seafloor to settle further. The first trip to the Challenger Deep was made by Jacques Piccard and Don Walsh in 1960. ScienceDaily, March 22, 2012. - Who Lives At The Bottom Of The Mariana Trench? If you like this video - put Thumb Up button (please) and Subscribe to my channel! Because the Mariana Trench is near the equator it is greatly affected by this equatorial bulge; thus, the trench is not the closest place to the center of the Earth. 6. See more. They form when two tectonic plates collide. This also contributes to its extreme depth. There are some layers like the midnight zone but for example, we can show you this list. "Mariana Trench." This water is super-heated as the plate is carried farther downward and results in the volcanic activity which has formed th… This trench lies in an area where two of the Earth's plates (the Pacific Plate and the Philippine Plate) come together. The Mariana Trench is the deepest known submarine trench.It is also the deepest known location on Earth itself. Despite its depth, it is not considered to be the closest point to the center of the earth. The Mariana Trench is 11,033 meters (36,201 feet), (6033.5) fathoms deep. The icy temperatures and the high pressure make all the studies practically impossible to obtain. The temperature in the pit varies between 1 and 4 degrees Celsius, which means that it is close to the. The Mariana Trench is formed by the shifting between two tectonic plates: the Pacific Plate and the Mariana Plate. The bottom of deep areas like the Mariana Trench is composed of an "ooze" made up of the shells of plankton. The Mariana Trench is the deepest point on Earth and is located in the western Pacific Ocean, east of the Northern Mariana Islands. It is considered to be the deepest areain the oceans. The Mariana Trench is located in the Pacific Ocean, just east of the 14 Mariana Islands (11"21' North latitude and 142" 12' East longitude ) near Japan. The islands are formed as the highly dense and very old western edge of the Pacific plate plunges downward to form the floor of the Mariana Trench and carries trapped water under the Mariana plate as it does so. It has 11° 21´ north latitude and 142° 12´de east longitude, near Guam, a place located between the coast of Indonesia and China. 5. They didn't spend much time at the bottom and couldn't see much, as their sub kicked up too much sediment, but they did report seeing some flatfish. The only thing he could see were blind worms that had adapted to the situation. The Mariana Trench is located in the western Pacific Ocean, east of the Philippines and about 120 miles east of the Mariana Islands. National Wildlife Refuge. The trench is about 2,550 km long, 70 km wide and is rectangular in shape. Have a whole-class discussion about the importance of the Mariana Trench. The pit is in deep darkness and freezing temperatures. Have students locate the Mariana Trench on a map. It was at that moment that the researchers had managed to discover the abyss. In 2012, the first expedition was made by James Cameron, who was the first person in charge of continuing studies on the grave. The trench is approximately 1580 miles in length and only approximately 43 miles wide on average. Here we present a sonar generated compilation image. Layers: Sunlight Twilight Midnight "Mariana Trench: The Deepest Depths." It lacks illumination. The starting price for Mariana Trench was 1.000 Million to unlock. The islands are part of a geologic structure known as the Izu-Bonin-Mariana Arcsystem and range in age from 5 million years old in the north to 30 million years old in the south (Guam). While the trench and areas like it haven't been fully explored, we know that there are organisms that can survive at this depth — including bacteria, microorganisms, protists, foraminifera, xenophyophores, shrimp-like amphipods, and possibly even some fish. In 2013, scientists discovered that the abyss was full of life. Oceanic backbone, tectonic plates, continental shelf. The water temperature in the deepest part of the ocean is a chilly 33-39 degrees Fahrenheit, just above freezing. The first descent took place in 1960 by a manned bathyscaphe vehicle, the Trieste. In March 2012, James Cameron successfully completed the first solo human mission to the Challenger Deep. If you head into the arctic there are some places on the seabed that are much closer than the Trench is to the core. The trench is so deep that at the bottom, the water pressure is eight tons per square inch. Since the trench is so far away from any rivers, it does not get filled with sediment like many other oceanic trenches. Although not yet officially named, it is a species of snailfish, and has been nicknamed the ‘ethereal snailfish’, or ‘ghostfish’.