Sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L., Elaeagnaceae) is a hardy, deciduous, dioecious, and usually spinescent shrub. The alkaloids present in the plant et al., 2002). In )2Associate Professor, College of ForestryKrishi Vigyan Kendra, Ranichauri, Tehri Garhwal, 249199VCSG Uttarakhand University of Horticulture and Forestry, BharsarEmail: kumarikirti95@gmail.com. Young leaves are poisonous; applied to forehead for is in practice from the ancient times (Archana et al., astringent, carminative and laxative. It can therefore also be utilized for planting as a protective hedge around fields or gardens. Some of the most popular nutraceutical products marketed today are botanicals such as St. John’s wort, echinacea, ginkgo biloba, saw palmetto and ginseng. Rhododendron arboreum Smith. In this review, we have focused on 48 wild edible plants family in Uttarakhand Washing may reduce or change the odour. R. arboreum thrives best on moist loam without lime but can also grow on the rocky ground, provided there is sufficient soil- moisture. et al., 2002). in treatment of pulmonary abscess; active principle 5,7,3’,4’-tetra-OH-flavan-3-ol useful in scurvy and catarrhal affections; they are also used as emetic. Wild edible plant species used by the indigenous people of Uttarakhand Himalaya: Tubers are In It is thorny too. The fruit pulp of apricot is an excellent source of Vitamin C (ascorbic acid). and also used as salad or cooked as vegetables (Upreti et The shrub of gain is quite attractive. edible berries. Uttarakhand state is characterized by a rich diversity of ethnomedicinal plant as well as a rich heritage of wild edible plant system. is consumed raw as salad; it is used also as garnish for various dishes. Every household buys a quantity of anardana during the season for meeting its annual requirements. ; thiamine, 0.08; riboflavin, 0.16; niacin, 0.8 and ascorbic Diversity and Distribution of Wild Edible Fruit Plants of Uttarakhand cough and its powder is applied externally for chest pains (Chopra Arora and Pandey (1996) have given a detailed account of wild edible plant species occurring in India 6. Most of the species were used as fruits (30 species) followed by as leafy vegetables (20). They are also used in diarrhea and dysentery. Fruits are eaten raw and cooked as The oil extracted defenses, signal transduction pathways, cell survival-associated gene expression, Wild edible plants have traditionally occupied an important position in the Uttarakhand has the perfect climatic conditions and offers the best quality of soil for its cultivation. These identify the plants that need conservation and protection. (Koda) (Poaceae): It belongs to family Poaceae. The major constituents of apricot fruit pulp include fiber, sugars, organic acids, carotene, niacin, minerals particularly Potassium, Sodium, Calcium, Magnesium and Iron. On average the fruit diameter ranges from 1 to 4 cm and the height ranges from 2 to 5 cm. Wild edible plants have traditionally occupied an important position in the socio-cultural, spiritual and health arena of rural Uttarakhand. Nasturtium officinale R.Br. The flowers of the plant are sometimes eaten in central india and Chota Nagpur. Because of these and other marked health benefits of these, it must be taken regularly and to reduce the risk factors like high cholesterol, high blood pressure and diabetes. Suborbicular, normally 2-ranked, glumes glabrous, upper lemma and palea crustaceous, palea with wide membraneous auricles at the base; grain biconvex, shinning, deep purple with a conspicuous ridge along the margin, tightly enclosed in the hardened lemma and palea. Water cress The bark yields human environment interactions (Gangwar et al., 2010). Bark brown, 1.3 cm thick. It contains: The juice expressed from the leaf stalks is used with salt Look for a many-branched cactus with broad, flat pads. The inner bark is used in Tibetan medicine, it is said to have sweet and sour flavor plus a heating potency. chenopodiaceae (Bathua): It belongs to The golden Himalayan raspberry is a large shrub with stout stems that can grow to up to 4.5 meters, or about 12 feet long. This is a very hardy plant and can grow even on very poor soils. The core strings of wasps and other insects (Govil, 1998). complaints, tumours, constipation, strangury, flatulence, lochiorrhoea, colic The present review has been devoted towards better understanding of the nutraceuticals based on their disease specific indications. Properties and uses: An evergreen, much-branched tree, upto 14 m. in Pueraria tuberosa DC. It is commonly known as Kairua. Schott (Gadpaper) (Araceae): It belongs to family Araceae. Due to the high medicinal values, the leaves and bark of this medicinally important tree are imported and exported. Its flowers are short, white, and have five petals and grow in clusters, and blooms in the Himalayas between the months of February and April. Even the yellow color extracted from the bark is used as a Medicinal colorant. The wild Himalayan amla can be propagated by seed. The roots of herb are used India, utilize the tree as timber, for fuelwood and as a wild edible fruit in their diet. The strong and woody stem can grow into a huge creepy giant, reaching up to 30 m long and 20 cm thick. The flowers start appearing after about four weeks and are also very attractive. Distribution: Temperate Himalaya from Kumaon to Sikkim and Bhutan. Such plants are Parkia clappertoniana and Xylopia aethiopica (Patrick-Iwuanyanwu Medicinal plants are natural resources for new drugs. The fruits are 2 to 2.5 cm in diameter and weigh about 6g each. Furthermore, the fully ripe fruit has a reasonable flavor and, when bletted, is sweet and very pleasant to eat. Amla is a fruit of Indian origin and grows mostly in tropical parts. It is commonly known as Choru/Hanw. The list of nutraceuticals being studied is changing continually and reflects ongoing research, market developments and consumer interest. The main trunk has a thick and rough bark. Pyrus pashia is a fruit-bearing tree. 42, No. Chenopodium album Linn. New plants of daru can be raised by seed as well as by cuttings. Knowledge of mechanical harvesting, and crop management techniques including soil fertility, cultivation techniques, pruning, and pest, disease, and weed controls, and nitrogen-fixing ability are also needed urgently. A decoction Vitamin A, 4720 I.U. (Bankh) V. (Araceae): It belongs to family Araceae. Bauhinia purpurea L. (Khairwal) (Caesalpiniodeae): It belongs to family Caesalpiniodeae. Bengal and U.P. headache. 3. benzaldehyde isolated from the plant (Sumathi and Pattabiraman, Research says that many wild edible species of Himalayan region have various medicinal and neutraceutical properties. Flowers pink, appearing with leaves in terminal panicles. AREA OF RESEARCH: Ethnobotany and Biodiversity conservation with special focus on wild Food Plants. and Basu, 1994). Near those, new young stalks can be found. 1962). The plant: Boiled fronds are cut and fried in cooking oil with spices such as seeds of Cleome viscosa L. The rhizomes are kept in the granaries to check them from insect and pests.