The fixed blade Damascus knives emphasize functionality and are great for a variety of tasks, including skinning game, chopping wood, slicing fruit, cutting rope, and much more. Both wootz steel and pattern-welded steel are called "Damascus steel", but despite the superficial decorative features they are quite different. Legends of wootz steel and Damascus swords piqued the curiosity of European scientists. There are many telltale signs which you can use to determine if your Damascus knife is real or fake. Such blades were reputed to be tough, resistant to shattering and capable of being honed to a sharp, resilient edge. What’s the difference between Wootz and Damascus steel? Therefore, Damascus knives made using wootz steel is considered authentic Damascus steel.Â. Due to their increased functionality, versatility, and high demand, these knives are easily replicated using ingenuine techniques. It is the lack of this particular steel which makes it impossible to precisely reproduce Damascus steel today. In truth Nihonto was making of a samurai sword in Japan, involved folding the steel several times to get rid of impurities since the iron in Japan was of very poor quality, it needed refining that’s how folded steel Katana was born. Jul 30, 2019. Wootz steel was used to construct Damascus knives within historic times, however this process is a lost art. Many people often have questions about Damascus Steel, or folded steel, thinking that it is the best steel for swords - but in reality, what we currently call 'Damascus Steel' is just any of the steel types above that has been folded several times.. Jun 26, 2020, Unique Pocket Knives In a fake Damascus knife, the edge will be uniform, leaving a randomly marked surface. Â, Authentic historic methods of constructing Damascus steel knives with wootz steel is a lost art. It was more than a thousand years before steel as good was made in the West. On the other hand, carbon steel or stainless steel blades which have undergone acid etching or laser etching treatment exclusively in order to fabricate the famous Damascus steel patterns are considered fake Damascus knives.Â, Additionally, some telltale signs to ascertain the authenticity of your Damascus steel knife include consistent folds across the blade, cutting edge, spine, and handle. This is not true, as both authentic wootz steel and real pattern welded Damascus steel blades undergo acid etching treatment after polishing to make the Damascus folds and patterns more visible. The bar is subsequently folded, heated, and hammered again. Although it is not the most easiest question to answer - there are many telltale signs which can help the user recognize whether their Damascus blade is real or fake. This process continues until several layers are formed. Ten Things the Ancients Did Better than Us 2. These swords are characterized by distinctive patterns of banding and mottling reminiscent of flowing water, sometimes in a "ladder" or "rose" pattern. In 1790, samples of wootz steel were received by the British Royal Society. This Wootz steel Outdoor knife is Made in Finland by well known knife maker Heimo Roselli, who has been knife making in the far North for 45 years. It’s referred to as Damascus because that was the city (capital of Syria) that was known for selling swords made of the Wootz steel. GarethB. The crucible steel production process started in the 6th century BC, at production sites of Kodumanal in Tamil Nadu, Golconda in Telangana, Karnataka and Sri Lanka and exported globally. This process involved smelting pieces of iron and steel with wooden chips. The key to the sword was the use of wootz. Roselli makes simple, unique and great looking knives using carbon steel … Exclusive Acid Etching - We've seen both pattern welding and forging wootz steel employ application of acid etching to the Damascus blades to bring out the water and twist patterns. A self-taught smith, Heimo started forging in 1974 and since 1976 he has been making knives full time. Damascus steel was a type of steel used for manufacturing blades in the Near East made with wootz steel imported from India. When […] A real Damascus steel knife will highlight uniform folds and patterns across the blade, blade's cutting edge, blade's spine, knife bolster, and knife's tang. Such blades were reputed to be tough, resistant to shattering, and capable of being honed to a sharp, resilient edge. “Wootz was the first high-quality steel made anywhere in the world. The original method for making Damascus steel was lost to the ages, though it is believed to have involved a series of cooling and heating processes to strengthen the steel. This procedure was the historic method used to manufacture authentic Damascus knives. In wootz Damascus steel or pattern welded steel, the original pattern will reemerge following submersion of the blade in the acid solution. It’s referred to as Damascus because that was the city (capital of Syria) that was known for selling swords made of the Wootz steel. The Second Tenuous*, Use of Kora-Kaha for Wootz Steel/Damascus Steel. This high quality metal originated in India and has been in trade since the 6th century BC. Feb 17, 2020, Single Handed Axes, Making a gorgeous handmade custom camping knife, Crafting a full-blown kitchen knife from scratch, A guide to building a custom chef’s knife for the kitchen, © 2017 I Made A Knife! Wootz steel originated in South India, in present day Tamil Nadu and Kerala. This statement is circumstantial, as Damascus folds can be polished out, and is often done to make the knife more aesthetically pleasing. Fake Damascus Steel Knives, The Best Elk Ridge Knives For Sale | Affordable Hunting Knives, Purchase The Best Tac Force Karambit Pocket Knives For Sale, Cheap Damascus Steel Hunting Knives For Sale. Pattern Welding - Pattern welding is a modern technique which involves layering multiple sheets of iron and steel, and applying excessive heat treatments with repeated forging. How to Recognize Real vs. The steel was exported as cakes of steely iron that came to be known as "Wootz". Here's the answer - both wootz steel and pattern welded Damascus knives are real Damascus steel knives. Wootz is the name of the actual steel used in making Damascus blades. The heat, pressure, controlled cooling, and repeated forging process would continue until a carbon content of 1% was achieved - however, impurities would be present within the blades. Thus, the question naturally arises - is my Damascus knife a real or fake Damascus steel knife? Recognized for its unusually high purity, wootz steel first developed as early as 300 BC and became the steel used for Damascus steel around 1100 AD. The pattern welded blades are just as strong, if not stronger, than their historic wootz steel counterparts. "One is the true Damascus steel, or Wootz steel, which is a high carbon alloy with tremendous edge retention possibly due to its composition of carbon nanotubes and carbide nanowires, with a wavy surface texture originating from the crystalline structure of alloy metals such as tungsten and vanadium - elements that occur naturally in iron ore from southern India - to the surface during the manufacturing … There are several ancient Tamil, North Indian, Greek, Chinese and Roman literary references to high carbon Tamil steel. Newer Post →, The Best Elk Ridge Knives For Sale | Affordable Hunting Knives Yet, you will find Damascus steel knives are offered at extensive price ranges - some are very cheap while others are exorbitant. Therefore, a common question many individuals find themselves asking once they get their hands on a damascus blade is - is my damascus steel knife real or fake?Â, This question is a very important one to ask, as there are many fake Damascus knives being offered. To determine the authenticity of a Damascus steel blade - you need to polish a fragment of the blade down until the pattern is no longer visible. Memorial to Saladin´s sword in Damascus, capital of Syria. It was a crucible steel that was made by melting pieces of iron and steel in clay pots. Roselli knives are made in Harmoinen, Finland at the workshop founded by blade-smith Heimo Roselli. First and foremost, if the Damascus knife highlights highly elaborate, detailed, and unnatural designs (not the general watery, folded, ladder, wavy, twist, raindrop, or feather patterns) it is most likely not legitimate.Â, Additionally, by simply examining the consistency of the patterns on your knife, you can tell whether or not it is a genuine Damascus knife. As a result, they are not characterized by the inherent qualities of a Damascus steel blade. Â, It is difficult to differentiate whether your Damascus knife is a real Damascus steel knife or a fake solely by examining the knife with your naked eye. This word only entered the English language towards the end of the 18th century, when Europeans first began learning about the way this steel was produced. 4. However, it is also a common practice to polish out the damascus folds on the knife's spine, brass bolster, and butt of the knife - therefore this strategy is not a comprehensive method for determining the authenticity of your Damascus steel blade.Â, If you are interested in browsing real Damascus steel knives, you can do so at Frontier Blades. Â, ← Older Post He is famous for his UHC and Wootz steel knives, and the quality and design of his … Originating from near eastern civilizations, these knives were manufactured to be resilient and tough. Side Note: As one of the oldest cities in the Middle East, Damascus has a fascinating history for any of those interested. However, only when acid etching or laser etching is done exclusively on cheaper blades, such as stainless steel or carbon steel, without the layering or smelting of steel, is the Damascus knife considered fake.Â. Wootz steel is the name given to an exceptional grade of iron ore steel first made in southern and south-central India and Sri Lanka perhaps as early as 400 BCE. These are considered fake damascus steel blades, as they are primarily made with the intention of aesthetically imprinting Damascus looking patterns on cheaper blades. Damascus steel knives come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and prices. In modern times, Damascus Steel generally refers to the distinctive banding patterns which result from multiple forged layers of … They have long been considered premium hunting knives due to their implementation of premium materials, excessive forge welding, and ability to perform a variety of tasks. Is Damascus steel stronger than normal (carbon/stainless) steel? Therefore, it is important to look at other signs in conjunction to determine the validity of the knife (such as looking at the consistency of the folds). Middle Eastern blacksmiths used wootz ingots from the Indian subcontinent to produce extraordinary steel weaponry throughout the middle ages, known as Damascus steel. Unlike pattern-welded steel, whose pattern arises from the deliberate combination of different metals (iron alloys) during the making of a blade, wootz is a single type of steel that includes various impurities. Wootz (steel), Steel produced by a method known in ancient India.The process involved preparation of porous iron, hammering it while hot to release slag, breaking it up and sealing it with wood chips in a clay container, and heating it until the pieces of iron absorbed carbon from the wood and melted. Then, you immerse the blade in an acid solution. These qualities make Damascus steel knives highly sought after for their functionality, versatility, quality, and ornate designs. Before outlining some of these signs, it is important to distinguish between the different methods employed to make damascus steel knives.Â.